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Brainwashing as a Factor in Psychiatric Illness: A Heuristic Approach

Brainwashing as a Factor in Psychiatric Illness: A Heuristic Approach Abstract The introduction of brainwashing into the armamentarium of propaganda methods is clearly fraught with social and political implications. However, primary in importance and causal in the sequence of these implications is the role of brainwashing in producing human behavior of a grossly aberrant or defensive type. This is because brainwashing is not merely a method of indoctrination but has as an integral component an extremely important determinant, that of forced behavior. Much has been written of this activity as a way of effecting the only mass desertion in the history of the U. S. armed forces, but little has been said of its significance in the possible future production of psychiatric syndromes in the thousands of returnees from Korean POW camps. This paper deals with a case of the latter. Rather than simply as a case study, it is presented primarily as a reconstruction of a method, "brainwashing"; an explanation References 1. Pavlov, I. P.: Lectures on Conditioned Reflexes ; translated by W. Horsley Gantt, New York, International Publishers, 1928. 2. Gantt, W. Horsley: Experimental Basis for Neurotic Behavior , New York, Paul B. Hoeber, Inc., 1944. 3. Maier, N. R. F.: Frustration , New York, McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1949. 4. Winokur, G.: A Conceptual Scheme for Psychiatric Syndromes, to be published. 5. Meerloo, J. A. M.: Pavlovian Strategy as a Weapon of Menticide , Am. J. Psychiat. 110:809-813, 1954. 6. Dollard, J., and Miller, N. E.: Personality and Psychotherapy , New York, McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1950. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png A.M.A. Archives of Neurology & Psychiatry American Medical Association

Brainwashing as a Factor in Psychiatric Illness: A Heuristic Approach

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1955 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0096-6886
DOI
10.1001/archneurpsyc.1955.02330130013003
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract The introduction of brainwashing into the armamentarium of propaganda methods is clearly fraught with social and political implications. However, primary in importance and causal in the sequence of these implications is the role of brainwashing in producing human behavior of a grossly aberrant or defensive type. This is because brainwashing is not merely a method of indoctrination but has as an integral component an extremely important determinant, that of forced behavior. Much has been written of this activity as a way of effecting the only mass desertion in the history of the U. S. armed forces, but little has been said of its significance in the possible future production of psychiatric syndromes in the thousands of returnees from Korean POW camps. This paper deals with a case of the latter. Rather than simply as a case study, it is presented primarily as a reconstruction of a method, "brainwashing"; an explanation References 1. Pavlov, I. P.: Lectures on Conditioned Reflexes ; translated by W. Horsley Gantt, New York, International Publishers, 1928. 2. Gantt, W. Horsley: Experimental Basis for Neurotic Behavior , New York, Paul B. Hoeber, Inc., 1944. 3. Maier, N. R. F.: Frustration , New York, McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1949. 4. Winokur, G.: A Conceptual Scheme for Psychiatric Syndromes, to be published. 5. Meerloo, J. A. M.: Pavlovian Strategy as a Weapon of Menticide , Am. J. Psychiat. 110:809-813, 1954. 6. Dollard, J., and Miller, N. E.: Personality and Psychotherapy , New York, McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1950.

Journal

A.M.A. Archives of Neurology & PsychiatryAmerican Medical Association

Published: Jul 1, 1955

References