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Brain Stem Auditory Evoked Responses in Human Infants and Adults

Brain Stem Auditory Evoked Responses in Human Infants and Adults Abstract Brain stem evoked potentials were recorded by conventional scalp electrodes in infants (3 weeks to 3 years of age) and adults. The latency of one of the major response components (wave V) is shown to be a function both of click intensity and the age of the subject; this latency at a given signal strength shortens postnatally to reach the adult value (about 6 msec) by 12 to 18 months of age. The demonstrated reliability and limited variability of these brain stem electrophysiological responses provide the basis for an optimistic estimate of their usefulness as an objective method for assessing hearing in infants and adults. References 1. Picton T, et al: Human auditory evoked potentials: I. Evaluation of components . Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol , to be published. 2. Davis H, Zerlin S: Acoustic relations of the human vertex potential . J Acoust Soc Am 39:109-116, 1966.Crossref 3. Goldstein R, Rodman L: Early components of averaged evoked responses to rapidly repeated auditory stimuli . J Speech Hear Res 12:697-705, 1967. 4. Jewett D, Romano HN, Williston JS: Human auditory evoked responses: Possible brain stem components detected on the scalp . Science 167:1517-1518, 1970.Crossref 5. Jewett D: Volume conducted potentials in response to auditory stimuli as detected by averaging in the cat . Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol 28:609-618, 1970.Crossref 6. Jewett D, Williston J: Auditory evoked far fields averaged from the scalp of humans . Brain 94:681-696, 1971.Crossref 7. Lev A, Sohmer H: Sources of averaged neural responses recorded in animal and human subjects during cochlear audiometry . Arch Klin Exp Ohren Nasen Kehlkopfheilkd 201:79-90, 1972.Crossref 8. Lieberman A, Sohmer H, Szabo G: Cochlear audiometry (electrocochleography) during the neonatal period . Dev Med Child Neurol 15:8-13, 1973.Crossref 9. Lieberman A, Sohmer H, Szabo G: Standard values of amplitude and latency of cochlear audiometry (electrocochleography) responses in different age groups . Arch Klin Exp Ohren Nasen Kehlkopfheilkd 203:267-273, 1973.Crossref 10. McCandless G: Clinical applications of evoked response audiometry . J Speech Hear Res 10:468-478, 1967. 11. Skinner P: Electroencephalic response audiometry , in Katz J (ed): Handbook of Clinical Audiometry . Baltimore, Williams & Wilkins, 1972. 12. Whitfield I: The Auditory Pathway . London, Edward Arnold, 1967. 13. Rose J, et al: Some discharge characteristics of single neurons in the inferior colliculus of the cat: I. Tonotopic organization, relation of spike counts to intensity, and firing patterns of single elements . J Neurophysiol 26:294-320, 1963. 14. Jewett D, Romano M: Neonatal development of auditory system potentials averaged from the scalp of rat and cat . Brain Res 36:101-115, 1972.Crossref 15. Langworthy O: Development of behavior patterns and myelination in the nervous system in the human fetus and infant . Contrib Embryol Carnegie Inst 139:3-57, 1933. 16. Rorke L, Riggs H: Myelination of the Brain in the Newborn . Philadelphia, JB Lippincott Co, 1969. 17. Sohmer H, Feinmesser M: Routine use of electrocochleography (cochlear audiometry) on human subjects . Audiology 12:167-173, 1973.Crossref http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Otolaryngology American Medical Association

Brain Stem Auditory Evoked Responses in Human Infants and Adults

Archives of Otolaryngology , Volume 99 (1) – Jan 1, 1974

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1974 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-9977
DOI
10.1001/archotol.1974.00780030034006
Publisher site
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Abstract

Abstract Brain stem evoked potentials were recorded by conventional scalp electrodes in infants (3 weeks to 3 years of age) and adults. The latency of one of the major response components (wave V) is shown to be a function both of click intensity and the age of the subject; this latency at a given signal strength shortens postnatally to reach the adult value (about 6 msec) by 12 to 18 months of age. The demonstrated reliability and limited variability of these brain stem electrophysiological responses provide the basis for an optimistic estimate of their usefulness as an objective method for assessing hearing in infants and adults. References 1. Picton T, et al: Human auditory evoked potentials: I. Evaluation of components . Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol , to be published. 2. Davis H, Zerlin S: Acoustic relations of the human vertex potential . J Acoust Soc Am 39:109-116, 1966.Crossref 3. Goldstein R, Rodman L: Early components of averaged evoked responses to rapidly repeated auditory stimuli . J Speech Hear Res 12:697-705, 1967. 4. Jewett D, Romano HN, Williston JS: Human auditory evoked responses: Possible brain stem components detected on the scalp . Science 167:1517-1518, 1970.Crossref 5. Jewett D: Volume conducted potentials in response to auditory stimuli as detected by averaging in the cat . Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol 28:609-618, 1970.Crossref 6. Jewett D, Williston J: Auditory evoked far fields averaged from the scalp of humans . Brain 94:681-696, 1971.Crossref 7. Lev A, Sohmer H: Sources of averaged neural responses recorded in animal and human subjects during cochlear audiometry . Arch Klin Exp Ohren Nasen Kehlkopfheilkd 201:79-90, 1972.Crossref 8. Lieberman A, Sohmer H, Szabo G: Cochlear audiometry (electrocochleography) during the neonatal period . Dev Med Child Neurol 15:8-13, 1973.Crossref 9. Lieberman A, Sohmer H, Szabo G: Standard values of amplitude and latency of cochlear audiometry (electrocochleography) responses in different age groups . Arch Klin Exp Ohren Nasen Kehlkopfheilkd 203:267-273, 1973.Crossref 10. McCandless G: Clinical applications of evoked response audiometry . J Speech Hear Res 10:468-478, 1967. 11. Skinner P: Electroencephalic response audiometry , in Katz J (ed): Handbook of Clinical Audiometry . Baltimore, Williams & Wilkins, 1972. 12. Whitfield I: The Auditory Pathway . London, Edward Arnold, 1967. 13. Rose J, et al: Some discharge characteristics of single neurons in the inferior colliculus of the cat: I. Tonotopic organization, relation of spike counts to intensity, and firing patterns of single elements . J Neurophysiol 26:294-320, 1963. 14. Jewett D, Romano M: Neonatal development of auditory system potentials averaged from the scalp of rat and cat . Brain Res 36:101-115, 1972.Crossref 15. Langworthy O: Development of behavior patterns and myelination in the nervous system in the human fetus and infant . Contrib Embryol Carnegie Inst 139:3-57, 1933. 16. Rorke L, Riggs H: Myelination of the Brain in the Newborn . Philadelphia, JB Lippincott Co, 1969. 17. Sohmer H, Feinmesser M: Routine use of electrocochleography (cochlear audiometry) on human subjects . Audiology 12:167-173, 1973.Crossref

Journal

Archives of OtolaryngologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Jan 1, 1974

References