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Brachial Plexus Neuropathy: Three Cases in Children

Brachial Plexus Neuropathy: Three Cases in Children Abstract • Brachial plexus neuropathy is an acute neurologic disorder characterized by pain, weakness, and atrophy of the muscle groups affected. Although well documented in the adult literature, relatively few cases have been reported in children. Despite the lack of knowledge concerning its etiology, and lack of an effective therapy, the long-term prognosis is excellent. It is perhaps for these reasons that spinal fluid analysis is not routinely performed during the acute phase of this illness. An evaluation of the clinical course of three children, together with epidemiologic data, suggests that early lumbar punctures and an extensive search for an infecting viral agent, notably coxsackievirus B, are warranted. (Am J Dis Child 134:299-300, 1980) References 1. Woolling KR, Rushton JG: Serum neuritis: Report of two cases and brief review of the syndrome . Arch Neurol Psychiatr 64:568-573, 1950.Crossref 2. Miller HG, Stanton JB: Neurological sequelae of prophylactic inoculation . Q J Med 23:1-27, 1954. 3. Matin GI, Weintraub MI: Brachial neuritis and seventh nerve palsy: A rare hazard of DPT vaccination . Clin Pediatr 12:506-507, 1973.Crossref 4. Weintraub MI, Chia DTS: Paralytic brachial neuritis after swine flu vaccination . Arch Neurol 34:518, 1977.Crossref 5. Bardos V, Somodska V: Epidemiologic study of a brachial plexus neuritis outbreak in northeast Czechoslovakia . World Neurol 2:973-979, 1961. 6. Watson P, Ashby P: Brachial plexus neuropathy associated with infectious mononucleosis . Can Med Assoc J 114:766-767, 1976. 7. Wolpow ER: Brachial plexus neuropathy associated with desensitizing antiallergy injections . JAMA 234:620-621, 1975.Crossref 8. Dunn HG, Daube JR, Gomez MR: Heredofamilial brachial plexus neuropathy in childhood . Dev Med Child Neurol 20:28-46, 1978.Crossref 9. Magee KR, DeJong RN: Paralytic brachial neuritis: Discussion of clinical features with review of 23 cases . JAMA 174:1258-1262, 1960.Crossref 10. Tsairis P, Dyck PJ, Mulder DW: Natural history of brachial plexus neuropathy: Report on 99 patients . Arch Neurol 27:109-117, 1972.Crossref 11. Shaywitz BA: Brachial plexus neuropathy in childhood . J Pediatr 86:913-914, 1975.Crossref http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png American Journal of Diseases of Children American Medical Association

Brachial Plexus Neuropathy: Three Cases in Children

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1980 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0002-922X
DOI
10.1001/archpedi.1980.02130150053014
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract • Brachial plexus neuropathy is an acute neurologic disorder characterized by pain, weakness, and atrophy of the muscle groups affected. Although well documented in the adult literature, relatively few cases have been reported in children. Despite the lack of knowledge concerning its etiology, and lack of an effective therapy, the long-term prognosis is excellent. It is perhaps for these reasons that spinal fluid analysis is not routinely performed during the acute phase of this illness. An evaluation of the clinical course of three children, together with epidemiologic data, suggests that early lumbar punctures and an extensive search for an infecting viral agent, notably coxsackievirus B, are warranted. (Am J Dis Child 134:299-300, 1980) References 1. Woolling KR, Rushton JG: Serum neuritis: Report of two cases and brief review of the syndrome . Arch Neurol Psychiatr 64:568-573, 1950.Crossref 2. Miller HG, Stanton JB: Neurological sequelae of prophylactic inoculation . Q J Med 23:1-27, 1954. 3. Matin GI, Weintraub MI: Brachial neuritis and seventh nerve palsy: A rare hazard of DPT vaccination . Clin Pediatr 12:506-507, 1973.Crossref 4. Weintraub MI, Chia DTS: Paralytic brachial neuritis after swine flu vaccination . Arch Neurol 34:518, 1977.Crossref 5. Bardos V, Somodska V: Epidemiologic study of a brachial plexus neuritis outbreak in northeast Czechoslovakia . World Neurol 2:973-979, 1961. 6. Watson P, Ashby P: Brachial plexus neuropathy associated with infectious mononucleosis . Can Med Assoc J 114:766-767, 1976. 7. Wolpow ER: Brachial plexus neuropathy associated with desensitizing antiallergy injections . JAMA 234:620-621, 1975.Crossref 8. Dunn HG, Daube JR, Gomez MR: Heredofamilial brachial plexus neuropathy in childhood . Dev Med Child Neurol 20:28-46, 1978.Crossref 9. Magee KR, DeJong RN: Paralytic brachial neuritis: Discussion of clinical features with review of 23 cases . JAMA 174:1258-1262, 1960.Crossref 10. Tsairis P, Dyck PJ, Mulder DW: Natural history of brachial plexus neuropathy: Report on 99 patients . Arch Neurol 27:109-117, 1972.Crossref 11. Shaywitz BA: Brachial plexus neuropathy in childhood . J Pediatr 86:913-914, 1975.Crossref

Journal

American Journal of Diseases of ChildrenAmerican Medical Association

Published: Mar 1, 1980

References