Abstract IT IS the purpose of this paper to demonstrate the potential contributions of a particular experimental technique to an understanding of the emotional aspects of peptic ulcer. The method involved has been elaborated upon previously in a number of papers, both as to theory1-5 and application to various clinical populations.6-9 To date, however, it has not been applied to psychosomatic problems. Briefly, the technique involves a successive fractionating of the visual perceptual process from lesser to greater exposure times to a given stimulus (in this experiment, the silhouette of a human figure). An attempt is then made to reinforce the stabilized percept ultimately evolving from this stimulus fractionation. Finally, there is gradually introduced into this stabilized percept a second stimulus, complementary in nature, but at the same time somewhat provocative in character (in this experiment, the internal viscera and musculo References 1. Smith, G.J.W.: Development as a Psychological Reference System , Psychol Rev 59:363-369, 1952.Crossref 2. Kragh, U.: The Actual-Genetic Model of Perception-Personality , Lund, Sweden: C. W. K. Gleerup Publishers, 1955. 3. Smith, G.J.W.: Visual Perception , Psychol Rev 64:306-313, 1957.Crossref 4. Smith, G.J.W.: Process—A Biological Frame of Reference for the Study of Behavior , Scand J Psychol 4:44-54, 1963.Crossref 5. Kragh, U., and Smith, G.J.W.: Accessorial and Inclusive Approaches to Marginal Perceptual Phenomena , Scand J Psychol 5:80-90, 1964.Crossref 6. Nyman, G.E., and Smith, G.J.W.: Experimental Differentiation of Clinical Syndromes Within a Sample of Young Neurotics , Acta Psychiat Scand 37:14-31, 1961.Crossref 7. Smith, G.J.W., and Johnson, G.: The Influence of Psychiatric Treatment Upon the Process of Reality Construction , Psychol Res Bull Lund Univ 1:3, 1961. 8. Smith, G.J.W., and Nyman, G.E.: A Serial, Tachistoscopic Experiment and Its Clinical Application , Acta Psychol 16:67-84, 1961.Crossref 9. Eberhard, G., et al: Clinical and Experimental Approaches to the Description of Depression and Anti-Depressive Therapy , Acta Psychiat Scand 41 ( (suppl 186) ) 1965. 10. Deutsch, F., and Murphy, W.F.: The Clinical Interview , New York: International Universities Press, 1955, vols 1 and 2. 11. Deutsch, F.: The Mysterious Leap From Mind to Body , New York: International Universities Press, 1959. 12. Murphy, W.F.: The Tactics of Psychotherapy , New York: International Universities Press, 1965. 13. Deutsch, F.: Body, Mind and the Sensory Gateways , New York: Basic Books, Inc., 1962. 14. Friedman, M.H.: Sensation, Perception, and Symptom Formation , Percept Mot Skills 12:42, 1961.Crossref 15. Traub, A.C., and Orbach, J.: Psychophysical Studies of Body-Image , Arch Gen Psychiat 11:53-66, 1964.Crossref 16. Petersen, P.G.T.: A New Precision Tachistoscope for Routine Use in Psychological and Psychiatric Research , Percept Mot Skills 13:429-430, 1961.Crossref 17. Stern, W.: Allgemeine Psychologie , The Hague: N. V. Martinus Nijhoff, Boekhandelen Uitgerversmaatschappij, 1950. 18. Fisher, S., and Cleveland, S.E.: The Body Image and Personality , Princeton, NJ: D. Van Nostrand Company, 1958. 19. Williams, R.L., and Krasnoff, A.G.: Body Image and Psychological Patterns in Patients With Peptic Ulcer and Rheumatoid Arthritis , Psychosom Med 26:701-709, 1964.Crossref 20. Kragh, U.: Pathogenesis in Dypsomania , Acta Psychiat Neurol Scand 35:207-222, 261-288, 480-497, 1960.Crossref 21. Fisher, S.: Extensions of Theory Concerning Body Image and Body Reactivity , Psychosom Med 21:142-149, 1959.Crossref 22. Barton, D., and Ware, P.D.: Incongruities in the Development of the Sexual System , Arch Gen Psychiat 14:614-623, 1966.Crossref 23. Alexander, F.: Psychosomatic Medicine , New York: W. W. Norton & Company Inc., 1950. 24. Orgel, S.Z.: Effect of Psychoanalysis on the Course of Peptic Ulcer , Psychosom Med 20:117-123, 1958.Crossref 25. Engel, G.L.: Guilt, Pain, and Success , Psychosom Med 24:37-48, 1962.Crossref 26. Gerstmann, J.: Psychological and Phenomenological Aspects of Disorders of the Body Image , J Nerv Ment Dis 126:499-512, 1958.Crossref
Archives of General Psychiatry – American Medical Association
Published: Mar 1, 1967
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