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BLOOD: A REVIEW OF THE RECENT LITERATURE

BLOOD: A REVIEW OF THE RECENT LITERATURE Abstract To those who have been closely identified with the field of diseases of the blood it is unnecessary to state that during the past decade there has been at least as much progress in the field of hematology as in any other aspect of internal medicine. Important contributions from both a clinical and a scientific standpoint have been made in recent years from almost every country in the world. As a result, a voluminous literature bearing on the subject has accumulated which makes a complete review impossible. We have attempted, therefore, to select only those articles which have the most important bearing on the recent advances in the subject. Doubtless some valuable papers have been unintentionally omitted, and for these omissions we extend our apologies. Although the primary purpose of this review is to consider the work of the past year in hematology, a number of fundamental articles published prior References 1. Castle, W. B.: Observations on the Etiological Relationship of Achylia Gastrica to Pernicious Anemia: I. The Effect of the Administration to Patients with Pernicious Anemia of the Contents of the Normal Human Stomach Recovered After the Ingestion of Beef Muscle , Am. J. M. Sc. 178:748, 1929.Crossref 2. Castle, W. B., and Townsend, W. C.: Observations on the Etiological Relationship of Achylia Gastrica to Pernicious Anemia: II. The Effect of the Administration to Patients with Pernicious Anemia of Beef Muscle After Incubation with Normal Gastric Juice , Am. J. M. Sc. 178:764, 1929.Crossref 3. Castle, W. B.; Townsend, Wilmot C., and Heath, Clarke, W.: Observations on the Etiological Relationship of Achylia Gastrica to Pernicious Anemi: III. The Nature of the Reaction Between Normal Human Gastric Juice and Beef Muscle Leading to Clinical Improvement and Increased Blood Formation Similar to the Effect of Liver Feeding , Am. J. M. Sc. 180:305, 1930.Crossref 4. Castle, W. B.; Heath, Clarke, W., and Strauss, M. B.: Observations on the Etiological-Relationship of Achylia Gastrica to Pernicious Anemia: IV. A Biologic Assay of the Gastric Secretion of Patients with Pernicious Anemia Having Free Hydrochloric Acid and That of Patients Without Anemia or with Hypochromic Anemia Having No Free Hydrochloric Acid, and of the Rôle of Intestinal Impermeability to Hematopoietic Substances in Pernicious Anemia , Am. J. M. Sc. 182:741, 1931.Crossref 5. Strauss, M. B., and Castle, W. B.: The Nature of the Extrinsic Factor of the Deficiency State in Pernicious Anemia and in Related Macrocytic Anemias, Activation of Yeast Derivatives with Normal Human Gastric Juice , New England J. Med. 207:55, 1932.Crossref 6. Wills, L., and Naish, A.: A Case of Pernicious Anemia Treated with Vitamin B2 from Egg White , Lancet 2:1286, 1933.Crossref 7. Lassen, H. C., and Lassen, H. K.: Yeast or Vitamin B2 as "Extrinsic Factor" in Treatment of Pernicious Anemia , Am. J. M. Sc. 188:461, 1934.Crossref 8. Wills, L.: Nature of the Hematopoietic Factor in Marmite , Lancet 1:1283, 1933.Crossref 9. Ungley, C. C., and James, G. V.: Effect of Yeast and Wheat Embryo in Anemias: Nature of Haematopoietic Factor in Yeast Effective in Pernicious Anemia , Quart. J. Med. 3:523, 1934.Crossref 10. Diehl, F., and Kühnau, J.: Ist Vitamin B2 der therapeutisch wirksame äussere Faktor beim Morbus Biermer? Deutsches Arch. f. klin. Med. 176:149, 1933. 11. Lassen and Lassen,4 editor's footnote. 12. Klumpp, T. G., and Koletsky, S.: The Relation of Gastric Secretion to Hematopoiesis , Ann. Int. Med. 8:991, 1935.Crossref 13. Isaacs, R., and Goldhamer, S. M.: Rôle of Decreased Amount of Gastric Secretion in Production of Pernicious Anemia , Proc. Soc. Exper. Biol. & Med. 31:706, 1934. 14. Goldhamer, S. M.: Relationship Between the Gastric Juice Volume and Erythropoiesis in Patients with Untreated Pernicious Anemia , Proc. Soc. Exper. Biol. & Med. 32:476, 1934. 15. Morris, R. S.; Schiff, L.; Foulger, J. H.: Rich, M. L., and Sherman, J. E.: The Treatment of Pernicious Anemia: Effect of a Single Injection of Concentrated Gastric Juice (Addisin) , J. A. M. A. 100:171 ( (Jan. 21) ) 1933. 16. Fouts, P. J.; Helmer, O. M., and Zerfas, L. G.: The Formation of a Hematopoietic Substance in Concentrated Human Gastric Juice , Am. J. M. Sc. 187:36, 1934. 17. Meulengracht, E.: The Presence of the Anti-Anemic Factor in Preparations of Dried Stomach Substance from the Cardia, Fundus and Pylorus Respectively , Acta med. Scandinav. 82:352, 1934. 18. Brown, Madelaine, R.: The Pathology of the Gastro-Intestinal Tract in Pernicious Anemia and Subacute Combined Degeneration of the Spinal Cord: A Study of One Hundred and Fifty-One Autopsies , New England J. Med. 210:473, 1934. 19. Richter, O.; Ivy, A. C., and Kim, M. S.: Action of Human "Pernicious Anemia Liver Extract," Proc. Soc. Exper. Biol. & Med. 29:1093, 1932. 20. Wilkinson, J. F., and Klein, L.: The Hemopoietic Activity of Normal and Abnormal Human Liver with Special Reference to Pernicious Anemia , Quart. J. Med. 3: 341, 1934. 21. Goldhamer, S. M.; Isaacs, R., and Sturgis, C. C.: The Rôle of the Liver in Hematopoiesis , Am. J. M. Sc. 188:193, 1934. 22. Goodman, L.; Geiger, A. J., and Claiborn, L. N.: Anti-Anemic Potency of Liver After Gastrectomy in Swine , Proc. Soc. Exper. Biol. & Med. 32:810, 1935. 23. Bence, J.: Die Rolle des Magens und der Leber in der Pathologie der perniziösen Anämie , Ztschr. f. klin. Med. 126:127, 1933. 24. Haden, Russell L.: Macrocytosis of the Erythrocytes and Achlorhydria in Pernicious Anemia , J. A. M. A. 98:202 ( (Jan. 16) ) 1932. 25. Bockus, H. L.; Bank, J., and Willard, J. H.: Achlorhydria with Review of Two Hundred and Ten Cases in Patients with Gastro-Intestinal Complaints , Am. J. M. Sc. 184: 185, 1932. 26. Hartfall, Stanley, J.: The Secretion of Gastric Juice in Response to Histamine in Addisonian Anaemia , Guy's Hosp. Rep. 83:37, 1933. 27. Simpson Memorial Institute: Unpublished data. 28. Wilkinson, John F.: The Gastric Secretion in Pernicious Anemia , Quart. J. Med. 1:361, 1932. 29. Barnett, C. W.: The Significance of the Gastric Secretions in Pernicious Anemia , Am. J. M. Sc. 182:170, 1931. 30. Levin, A. L.: The Occurrence of a Pernicious Anemia Syndrome in the Presence of Normal Gastric Acidity , Am. J. Digest. Dis. & Nutrition 1:240, 1934. 31. Castle, Heath and Strauss.1d 32. Wilkinson.19e 33. Davidson, L. S. P.: Pernicious Anaemia with Return of Hydrochloric Acid and Ferments After Treatment , Brit. M. J. 1:182, 1933. 34. Wilkinson.19e 35. Goldhamer, S. M.; Isaacs, R., and Sturgis, C.C.: The Quantitative Relationship Between the Amount of the "Intrinsic Factor of Castle" and the Maturation of Red Blood Cells in Patients with Pernicious Anemia , J. Clin. Investigation , to be published. 36. Emerson, C. P. and Helmer, O. M.: A Study of the Salivary Amylase in Patients with Pernicious Anemia , J. Lab. & Clin. Med. 19:504, 1934. 37. Helmer, O. M.; Fouts, P. J., and Zerfas, L. G.: Gastro-Intestinal Studies; Gastric Juice in Pernicious Anemia , J. Clin. Investigation 11:1129, 1932. 38. Hartfall.19c 39. Wilkinson.19e 40. Helmer, Fouts and Zerfas.24 41. Footnote 19. 42. Helmer, O. M.; Fouts, P. J., and Zerfas, L. G.: (a) Gastro-Intestinal Studies: Pancreatic Enzymes in Pernicious Anemia , J. Clin. Investigation 12: 519, 1933 43. Gastro-Intestinal Studies: The Relation of pH to the Pepsin and Rennin Content of the Gastric Juice , Am. J. Digest. Dis. & Nutrition 1:120, 1934. 44. Wilkinson.19e 45. Burger, G. N.; Hartfall, S. J., and Witts, L. J.: The Secretion of Mucus by the Stomach with Special Reference to Achlorhydric Anaemias , Guy's Hosp. Rep. 83:497, 1933. 46. Wilkinson, John F.: The Action of Acetylcholine on the Gastric Secretion in Man , Brit. J. Exper. Path. 13:141, 1932. 47. Burger, Hartfall and Witts.27 48. Hartfall.19c 49. Cheney, G., and Niemand, F.: A Possible Relationship of Pancreatic Insufficiency to Addison-Biermer (Pernicious) Anemia , Arch. Int. Med. 49:925 ( (June) ) 1932. 50. Helmer, O. M.; Fouts, P. J., and Zerfas, L. G.: Gastro-Intestinal Studies: Determination of Enzymes on Autopsy Specimens from Cases of Pernicious Anemia and Pellagra , Arch. Int. Med. 53:675 ( (May) ) 1934. 51. Ahrens, R. S.: Neurologic Aspects of Primary Anemia , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 28:92 ( (July) ) 1932. 52. Smithburn, R. C., and Zerfas, L. G.: The Neural Symptoms and Signs in Pernicious Anemia: Effects of Liver Extract , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 25:1100 ( (May) ) 1931. 53. Goldhamer, S. M.; Bethell, F. H.; Isaacs, R., and Sturgis, C. C.: The Occurrence and Treatment of Neurologic Changes in Pernicious Anemia , J. A. M. A. 103:1663 ( (Dec. 1) ) 1934. 54. Young, Richard H.: Neurologic Features of Pernicious Anemia , J. A. M. A. 99:612 ( (Aug. 30) ) 1932.Crossref 55. Baker, B. M., Jr.; Bordley, J., III, and Longcope, W. T.: (a) The Effect of Liver Therapy on the Neurologic Manifestations of Pernicious Anemia , Am. J. M. Sc. 184:1, 1932.Crossref 56. The Effect of Liver and Liver Extract upon the Symptoms and Signs Referable to the Nervous System in Pernicious Anemia , Minnesota Med. 13:815, 1930. 57. Grinker, R. R.: Pernicious Anemia, Achylia Gastrica and Combined Cord Degeneration and Their Relationship , Arch. Int. Med. 38:292 ( (Sept.) ) 1926.Crossref 58. Reese, Hans H., and Beigler, S. K.: Subacute Combined Degeneration of the Spinal Cord and Pernicious Anemia , Am. J. M. Sc. 171:194, 1926.Crossref 59. Riley, W. H.: A Clinical Study of Two Hundred and Sixty-Four Cases of Pernicious Anemia with Special Reference to the Involvement of the Central Nervous System , Bull. Battle Creek San. & Hosp. Clin. 18: 195, 1923. 60. Ungley, C. C., and Suzman, M. M.: Subacute Combined Degeneration of the Cord; Symptomatology and Effects of Liver Therapy , Brain 52: 271, 1929. 61. Hadfield, G.: The Central Nervous System in Addisonian Anemia , Bristol Med.-Chir. J. 44:21, 1927. 62. Kiely, Charles: Neurologic and Psychopathic Manifestations of Pernicious Anemia , J. Michigan M. Soc. 31:272, 1932. 63. Young.32 64. Lurie, Louis A.: Pernicious Anemia with Mental Symptoms: Observations on Varying Extent and Probable Duration of Central Nervous System Lesions in Four Necropsied Cases , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 2: 67 ( (July) ) 1919. 65. McAlpine, Douglas: A Review of the Nervous and Mental Aspects of Pernicious Anemia , Lancet 2:643, 1929. 66. Piney, A.: Mental Changes Associated with Pernicious Anaemia , J. Neurol. & Psychopath. 13:127, 1932. 67. Skoog, A. L.: Neurologic Manifestations in Pernicious Anemia , J. A. M. A. 87:1957 ( (Dec. 11) ) 1926. 68. Smith, Lauren H.: Mental and Neurologic Changes in Pernicious Anemia: Report of Case with Treatment by Minot-Murphy Diet , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 22:551 ( (Sept.) ) 1929. 69. Warburg, E. J., and Jorgensen, S.: Psychoses and Neurastheniae Associated with Achylia Gastrica and Megalocytosis and Relation Between This Syndrome and Pernicious Anemia: One Psychosis , Acta med. Scandinav. 69:537, 1928 70. Hospitalstid. 71:974, 1928. 71. Footnotes 31, 72. 32 73. 33a, 74. b, 75. c, 76. d. 77. Camac, C. N. B., and Milne, L. S.: The Spinal Cord Lesions in Two Cases of Pernicious Anemia , Am. J. M. Sc. 140:563 ( (Oct.) ) 1910. 78. Gildea, E. F.; Kattwinkel, E. E., and Castle, W. B.: Experimental Combined System Disease , New England J. Med. 202:523, 1930. 79. Suzman, M. M.; Muller, G. L., and Ungley, C. C.: An Attempt to Produce Spinal Cord Degeneration in Dogs Fed a High Cereal Diet Deficient in Vitamin A: The Incidental Development of a Syndrome of Anemia, Skin Lesions, Anorexia, and Changes in the Concentration of Blood Lipoids , Am. J. Physiol. 101:529, 1932. 80. Davison, Charles: Spinal Cord Changes in Subacute Combined Degeneration Following Liver Therapy: Histopathologic Study , Proc. Soc. Exper. Biol. & Med. 28:639, 1931. 81. Farquharson, Ray F., and Graham, Duncan: Liver Therapy in the Treatment of Subacute Combined Degeneration of the Cord , Canad. M. A. J. 23:237, 1930. 82. Fried, B. M.: Subacute Combined Degeneration of Spinal Cord in Pernicious Anemia: Treatment with Liver Diet , J. A. M. A. 92:1260 ( (April 13) ) 1929.Crossref 83. Garvey, P. H.; Levin, P. M., and Guller, E. I.: Effect of Liver Therapy on the Neurologic Aspects of Pernicious Anemia , Ann. Int. Med. 6:1441, 1933.Crossref 84. Minot, George R.: The Treatment of Anemia, with Comments on Food Deficiency and Its Relation to the Nervous System , Tr. Am. Neurol. A. 57:329, 1931. 85. Starr, Paul: The Prevention of Spinal Cord Degeneration in Pernicious Anemia (Cases with Progression of Cord Symptoms) , J. A. M. A. 96:1219 ( (April 11) ) 1931.Crossref 86. Suzman, M. M.: Effects of Liver Therapy in One Hundred Cases of Subacute Combined Degeneration of the Cord , Tr. Am. Neurol. A. 57:339, 1931. 87. Footnotes 31a, 88. 33f 89. 36e. 90. Footnotes 31b 91. 33a. 92. Sargant, Will: Treatment of Subacute Combined Degeneration of Cord by Massive Iron Dosage , Lancet 1:230, 1932.Crossref 93. Snowman, L. V.: A Case of Combined Degeneration of the Cord Treated with Massive Dosage of Iron , Lancet 1:613, 1932.Crossref 94. Fouts, P. J.; Kempf, G. F.; Greene, J. A., and Zerfas, L. G.: Vitamin B Intravenously for Treatment of Neurological Changes in Pernicious Anemia , J. Indiana M. A. 25:448, 1932. 95. Footnote 39a. 96. Ungley, Charles C.: Effect of Brain Diet in Pernicious Anemia , Lancet 2:63, 1931.Crossref 97. Effect of Brain Diet in Subacute Combined Degeneration of Cord , Ungley Lancet 1:227, 1932.Crossref 98. Footnotes 31a, 99. 34 100. 39b. 101. Tenney, C. F., and Goldstein, Eli: Mental Symptoms of Pernicious Anemia and Their Response to Liver Therapy , M. Clin. North America 17:185, 1933. 102. Footnotes 31c 103. 36c 104. e. 105. Strauss, M. B., and Castle, W. B.: Parenteral Liver Therapy in the Treatment of Pernicious Anemia , J. A. M. A. 98:1620 ( (May 7) ) 1932.Crossref 106. Conner, H. M.: Injection of Liver Extract in Treatment of Pernicious Anemia , J. A. M. A. 99: 614 ( (Aug. 20) ) 1932.Crossref 107. McHenry, E. W.; Mills, E. S., and Farquharson, R. F.: Treatment of Pernicious Anemia by the Intramuscular Administration of Liver Extract , Canad. M. A. J. 28:123, 1933. 108. Murphy, W. P.: The Parenteral Use of Liver Extract in Pernicious Anemia , J. A. M. A. 98:1051 ( (March 26) ) 1932.Crossref 109. Isaacs, R.; Sturgis, C. C.; Goldhamer, S. M., and Bethell, F. H.: The Use of Liver Extract Intravenously in the Treatment of Pernicious Anemia , J. A. M. A. 100:629 ( (March 4) ) 1933.Crossref 110. Fouts, Paul J., and Zerfas, L. G.: Use of Liver Extract Intravenously: Report of Ten Cases , Arch. Int. Med. 50:27, 1932.Crossref 111. Freeman, E. T.: Intravenous Liver Therapy in Pernicious Anemia , Irish J. M. Sc. , (April) 1932, p. 182. 112. Wilkinson, J. F.: Antianaemic Principle in Stomach Tissue , Proc. Roy. Soc. Med. 26:1341, 1933. 113. Sturgis, C. C., and Isaacs, R.: Clinical and Experimental Observations on the Treatment of Pernicious Anemia with Desiccated Stomach and with Liver Extract , Ann. Int. Med. 5:131, 1931.Crossref 114. Morris, R. S.; Schiff, Leon; Burger, G., and Sherman, J. E.: A Specific Hematopoietic Hormone in Normal Gastric Juice; Preliminary Report , J. A. M. A. 98:1080 ( (March 26) ) 1932.Crossref 115. Gibson, R. B., and Fowler, W. M.: Effects of Prolonged Liver Dietary in Pernicious Anemia: Case Reports of Three Patients Receiving Liver Therapy for Nine and a Half, Eight, and Seven Years, Respectively , Arch. Int. Med. 50: 124, ( (July) ) 1932.Crossref 116. Walden, G. B., and Clowes, G. H. A.: Pernicious Anemia: Method Whereby Therapeutic Efficiency of Liver and Liver Fractions May Be Substantially Increased , Proc. Soc. Exper. Biol. & Med. 29:873, 1932. 117. Barnett, C. W., and Thebaut, W. M., Jr.: Treatment of Pernicious Anemia with Digested Liver , J. A. M. A. 99:556 ( (Aug. 13) ) 1932. 118. Conner, H. M.: Preparation of Liver and Stomach (Extralin) in the Treatment of Pernicious Anemia , M. Clin. North America 18:385, 1934. 119. Helmer, O. M.; Fouts, P. J., and Zerfas, L. G.: Increased Potency of Liver Extract by Incubation with Human Gastric Juice , Proc. Soc. Exper. Biol. & Med. 30:775, 1933. 120. Conner, H. M.: Extract of Fish Liver in Treatment of Pernicious Anemia: Treatment of Pernicious Anemia with Diet Rich in Vitamines , M. Clin. North America 15:463, 1932. 121. Strauss, M. B., and Castle, W. B.: The Nature of the Extrinsic Factor of the Deficiency State in Pernicious Anemia and in Related Macrocytic Anemias; Activation of Yeast Derivatives with Normal Human Gastric Juice , New England J. Med. 207:55, 1932. 122. Goodall, A.: Treatment of Pernicious Anaemia by Marmite , Lancet 2:781, 1932. 123. Williams, H. A., and Vander Veer, J. B.: Demonstration of Anti-Anemic Factor in Bovine Gastric Juice , Proc. Soc. Exper. Biol. & Med. 29:858, 1932. 124. Sargant, W.: Treatment of Subacute Combined Degeneration of Cord by Massive Iron Dosage , Lancet 1:230, 1932. 125. Connery, J. E., and Goldwater, L. J.: Studies on Patients with Pernicious Anemia Treated with Massive Doses of Liver Extract: Effect on Reticulocytes, Red Cells, Hemoglobin and White Cells , J. Lab. & Clin. Med. 17:1016, 1932. 126. Meyer, A. E.; Richter, O., and Ivy. A. C.: Pernicious Anemia: Treatment with Equine Liver Extract Injectable Either Subcutaneously or Intravenously , Arch. Int. Med. 50:538 ( (Oct.) ) 1932. 127. Davidson, L. S. P.: Treatment of Pernicious Anaemia with Fish-Liver Extract , Brit. M. J. 2:347, 1932. 128. Footnote 53a. 129. Strauss, M. B., and Castle, W. B.: Amount of Material Effective in Pernicious Anemia Present in Dog Liver , Proc. Soc. Exper. Biol. & Med. 31:360, 1933. 130. Jones, N. W.; Phillips, B. I., and Larsell, O.: Hemopoietic Effect of Nuclear Extractives from Red Blood Cells of Fowl in Pernicious Anemia , Northwest Med. 31:380, 1932. 131. Herron, W. F., and McEllroy, W. S.: The Use of Autolyzed Liver in the Treatment of Pernicious Anemia: A Preliminary Clinical Report , J. A. M. A. 100:1084 ( (April 8) ) 1933. 132. Castle, W. B., and Strauss, M. B.: Effect of Autolysis on Potency of Liver in Treatment of Pernicious Anemia , J. A. M. A. 104:798 ( (March 9) ) 1935. 133. Connery, J. E., and Goldwater, L. J.: Parenteral Use of Liver Extract in Treatment of Pernicious Anemia , J. A. M. A. 98:1060 ( (March 26) ) 1932. 134. Owen, A., and Anderson, D.: Pernicious Anemia Treated with Liver Extract Given Intramuscularly , M. J. Australia 2:572, 1932. 135. Alt, H. L.: Maintenance Dose of Parenteral Liver Extract in Treatment of Pernicious Anemia , Proc. Soc. Exper. Biol. & Med. 30:565, 1933. 136. Josefson, Arnold: A New Method of Treatment—Intraossal Injections , Acta med. Scandinav. 81:550, 1934. 137. Minot, G. R.: The Importance of the Treatment of Pernicious Anemia on a Quantitative Basis , J. A. M. A. 99:1906 ( (Dec. 3) ) 1932. 138. Kloster, J.: Einige Erfahrungen über die Dosierung des Campolons bei der Biermerschen Anämie , Acta med. Scandinav. 79:475, 1933. 139. Sturgis, C. C., and Isaacs, R.: Pernicious Anemia: Its Nature and a Consideration of Recent Advances in the Treatment of the Disease , California & West. Med. 39:73, 1933. 140. Sturgis, C. C., and Isaacs, R.: Treatment of Pernicious Anemia , Northwest Med. 31:1, 1932. 141. Haden, R. L.: Complete Treatment of Pernicious Anemia , Am. J. Digest. Dis. & Nutrition 1:628, 1934. 142. Wills, L.: Note on Use of Marmite (Yeast Extract) in Tropical Macrocytic Anemias, Including Pernicious Anemia of Pregnancy , Indian M. Gaz. 68: 133, 1933 143. Treatment of Pernicious Anaemia of Pregnancy and "Tropical Anemia" with Special Reference to Yeast Extract (Marmite) as Curative Agent , Brit. M. J. 1:1059, 1931. 144. Witts, L. J.; Fairley, N. H., and Goodhar, G.: Discussion on Megalocytic Anemias of Tropical and Non-Tropical Countries , Proc. Roy. Soc. Med. 25:1703, 1932. 145. Wills, L., and Bilimoria, H. S.: Pernicious Anemia of Pregnancy: Production of Macrocytic Anemia in Monkeys by Deficient Feeding (Curative Effect of Marmite) , Indian J. M. Research 20:391, 1932. 146. Rhoads, C. P., and Miller, D. K.: Production in Dogs of Chronic Black Tongue with Anemia , J. Exper. Med. 58:585, 1933. 147. Goldhamer, S. M., and Isaacs, R.: Rôle of Decreased Amount of Gastric Secretion in Production of Pernicious Anemia , Proc. Soc. Exper. Biol. & Med. 31:706, 1934. 148. Goldhamer, S. M.: Relationship Between Gastric Juice Volume and Erythropoiesis in Patients with Untreated Pernicious Anemia , Proc. Soc. Exper. Biol. & Med. 32:376, 1934. 149. Strauss, M. B., and Castle, W. B.: Studies of Anemia in Pregnancy: Etiologic Relationship of Gastric Secretory Defects and Dietary Deficiency to Hypochromic and Macrocytic (Pernicious) Anemias of Pregnancy and Treatment of These Conditions , Am. J. M. Sc. 185:539, 1933. 150. Torrey, R. G.: Anemia Due to Gastritis Occasioned by Alcoholism; Consideration of Cases of Purpura, Including Example of Purpura Apparently Secondary to Pernicious Anemia , M. Clin. North America 17:603, 1933. 151. Conner, H. M., and Birkeland, I. W.: Coexistence of Pernicious Anemia and Lesions of Gastro-Intestinal Tract: Carcinoma of Stomach; Consideration of Twenty Cases: Eleven Reported , Ann. Int. Med. 7:89, 1933. 152. Godhamer, S. M.: The Pernicious Anaemia Syndrome in Gastrectomized Patients , Surg., Gynec. & Obst. 57:257, 1933. 153. Rowlands, R. A., and Simpson, S. Levy: Addisonian Anemia Following Gastrectomy and Gastro-Jejunostomy , Lancet 2:1202, 1932. 154. Ungley, C. C.: A Case of Complete Gastrectomy Followed by Pernicious Anaemia , Newcastle M. J. 12:192 ( (Oct.) ) 1932. 155. Hurst, A. F.: Case of Addison's Anemia with Subacute Combined Degeneration of Spinal Cord and Normal Gastric Secretion Following Chronic Obstruction of Ileum , Guy's Hosp. Rep. 83:47, 1933. 156. Birkeland, I. W.: "Bothriocephalus Anemia"; Diphyllobothrium Latum and Pernicious Anemia , Medicine 11:1, 1932. 157. Mills, E. S.: Anaemia from Dibothriocephalus Latus , Canad. M. A. J. 25:75, 1931. 158. Magath, T. B.: Bothriocephalus Anemia (Anemia Caused by Diphyllobothrium Latum) , Proc. Staff Meet., Mayo Clin. 5:124, 1930. 159. Vaughan, J. M., and Hunter, D.: Treatment by Marmite (Yeast Extract) of Megalocyte Hyperchromic Anemia Occurring in Idiopathic Steatorrhea (Celiac Disease) , Lancet 1:829, 1932.Crossref 160. Fairley, N. H., and Kilner, T. P.: Gastro-Jejuno-Colic Fistula, with Megalocytic Anemia Simulating Sprue , Lancet 2:1335, 1931.Crossref 161. Barker, L. F.: A Few of the Cases Selected for Study on Ward Rounds Illustrating Method of Procedure , Internat. Clin. 3:26, 1931. 162. Rogers, L., and Cooke, W. E.: Resistant Sprue Anemia Yielding to Intravenous Liver Therapy , Brit. M. J. 1:272, 1932.Crossref 163. Vaidya, S. K.: Observations on Pernicious-Type Anemias in Tropics, and Disease Called Sprue , J. Trop. Med. 33:265, 1930. 164. Rhoads, C. P., and Castle, W. B.: Pathology of Bone Marrow in Sprue Anemia , Am. J. Path. ( (supp.) ) 9:813, 1933. 165. Richter, O.; Ivy, A. C., and Kim, M. S.: Action of Human "Pernicious Anemia Liver Extract," Proc. Soc. Exper. Biol. & Med. 29:1093, 1932. 166. Goldhamer, S. M.; Isaacs, R., and Sturgis, C. C.: The Rôle of Liver in Hematopoiesis , Am. J. M. Sc. 188:193, 1934. 167. Wintrobe, M. M., and Shumacher, H. S., Jr.: Occurrence of Macrocytic Anemia in Association with Disorder of Liver, Together with Consideration of Relation of This Anemia to Pernicious Anemia , Bull. Johns Hopkins Hosp. 52: 387, 1933. 168. Goldhamer, S. M.: Liver Extract Therapy in Cirrhosis of the Liver; Relation of Liver Dysfunction to Nonstorage of "Anti-Anemic" Substance in Producing a Blood Picture Resembling Pernicious Anemia in a Patient Secreting Free Hydrochloric Acid , Arch. Int. Med. 53:54 ( (Jan.) ) 1934. 169. Van Duyn, J.: Macrocytic Anemia in Disease of Liver , Arch. Int. Med. 52:839 ( (Dec.) ) 1933. 170. Wright, D. O.: Macrocytic Anemia and Hepatic Cirrhosis , Am. J. M. Sc. 189:115, 1935. 171. Wright, D. O.: Macrocytic Anemia in Banti's Disease , Ann. Int. Med. 8:814, 1935. 172. Footnote 77b. 173. Strauss, M. B.: Etiology and Treatment of Anemia in Pregnancy , J. A. M. A. 102:281 ( (Jan. 27) ) 1934. 174. Strauss, M. B.: Anemia of Infancy from Maternal Iron Deficiency in Pregnancy , J. Clin. Investigation 12:345, 1933. 175. Dieckmann, W. J., and Wegner, Carl R.: The Blood in Normal Pregnancy: I. Blood and Plasma Volumes , Arch. Int. Med. 53:71 ( (Jan.) ) 1934. 176. Barron, M.: Differential Diagnosis of Jaundice, with Special Reference to Congenital Hemolytic Jaundice , Minnesota Med. 15:479, 1932. 177. Haden, R. L.: The Mechanism of the Increased Fragility of the Erythrocytes in Congenital Hemolytic Jaundice , Am. J. M. Sc. 188:441, 1934.Crossref 178. Cheney, W. F., and Cheney, G.: Chronic Hereditary Hemolytic Jaundice, with Report of Eight Cases and Notes on Measurement of Size of Erythrocytes , Am. J. M. Sc. 187:191, 1934.Crossref 179. Custer, R. 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P.: Observations on the Possible Relation Between Agranulocytosis and Menstruation with Further Studies on a Case of Cyclic Neutropenia , New England J. Med. 210:176, 1934. 706. Hubble, D.: Influence of Endocrine System in Blood Disorders , Lancet 2:113, 1933. 707. Achard, C.; Coste, F., and Cahen, R.: A propos des désordres hématologiques provoqués par les sels d'or , Bull. et mém. Soc. méd. d. hôp. de Paris 48: 547, 1932. 708. Ameuille and Braillon: Sept cas de syndromes agranulocytaires auriques , Achard Bull. et mém. Soc. méd. d. hôp. de Paris 48:1627, 1932. 709. Angéras and Ginsbourg: Aleucie hémorragique (agranulocytose) post-chrysothérapique , Sang 6:798, 1932. 710. Kracke, R. R.: Experimental Production of Agranulocytosis , Am. J. Clin. Path. 2:11, 1932. 711. Kracke, R. R., and Parker, F. P.: The Etiology of Granulopenia (Agranulocytosis) with Particular Reference to Drugs Containing the Benzene Ring , J. Lab. & Clin. Med. 19:799, 1934. 712. Bohn, S. S.: Agranulocytic Angina Following the Ingestion of Dinitrophenol , J. A. M. A. 103:249 ( (July 28) ) 1934. 713. Davidson, E. N., and Shapiro, M.: Neutropenia Following Dinitrophenol, with Improvement After Pentnucleotide Therapy and Leukocyte Cream , J. A. M. A. 103:480 ( (Aug. 18) ) 1934. 714. Dameshek, W., and Gargill, S. L.: Studies in Agranulocytosis: Report of Two Cases of Agranulocytosis Following Use of Dinitrophenol , New England J. Med. 211: 440, 1934. 715. Silver, S.: New Danger in Dinitrophenol Therapy: Agranulocytosis with Fatal Outcome , J. A. M. A. 103:1058 ( (Oct. 6) ) 1934. 716. Madison, F. W., and Squier, T. L.: Primary Granulocytopenia After Administration of Benzene Chain Derivatives , J. A. M. A. 101:2076 ( (Dec. 23) ) 1933. 717. Madison, F. W., and Squier, T. L.: The Etiology of Primary Granulocytopenia (Agranulocytic Angina) , J. A. M. A. 102:755 ( (March 10) ) 1934. 718. Watkins, C. H.: The Possible Rôle of Barbiturates and Amidopyrin in Causation of Leucopenic States , Proc. Staff Meet., Mayo Clin. 8:713, 1933. 719. Randall, Clyde L.: Severe Granulopenia Following the Use of Barbiturates and Amidopyrine: Report of Case , J. A. M. A. 102:1137 ( (April 7) ) 1934. 720. Hoffman, A. M.; Butt, E. M., and Hickey, N. G.: Neutropenia Following Amidopyrine, Preliminary Report , J. A. M. A. 102:1213 ( (April 14) ) 1934. 721. Sturgis, C. C, and Isaacs, R.: Observations Concerning the Etiology of Agranulocytosis , Tr. A. Am. Physicians 46:328, 1934. 722. Plum, P.: Agranulocytosis Due to Amidopyrine , Lancet 1:14, 1935. 723. Reznikoff, P.: The Relation of Amidopyrine and the Barbituric Acid Derivatives to Granulocytopenia, Special Report to the Council on Pharmacy and Chemistry of the American Medical Association , J. A. M. A. 102:2183 ( (June 30) ) 1934. 724. Seeman, H.: Amidopyrine as Etiological Factor in Agranulocytosis , Ugesk. f. læger 96:241, 1934. 725. Jackson, H., Jr.: Relation of Amidopyrine and Allied Drugs to Etiology of Agranulocytic Angina , Am. J. M. Sc. 188:482, 1934. 726. Kastlin, G. J.: Agranulocytic Angina , Am. J. M. Sc. 173:799, 1927. 727. Schultz, W., and Jacobowitz, L.: Agranulocytosis , Med. Klin. 21: 1642, 1925. 728. Millman, M., and Furcolo, C. L.: Relapsing Agranulocytosis with Case Report , New England J. Med. 208:440, 1933. 729. Aubertin, C., and Levy, R.: L'agranulocytose et les syndromes agranulocytaires , Arch. d. mal. du coeur 21:369, 1928. 730. Footnote 421. 731. Lichtenstein, A.: Agranulozytose (Typus Schultz): (Granulocytopenia maligna) , Acta med. Scandinav. ( (supp.) ) 49:1, 1932. 732. Footnote 443a. 733. Friedemann, U., and Elkeles, A.: Die Roentgenbehandlung der Agranulozytose , Deutsche med. Wchnschr. 56:947, 1930.Crossref 734. Taussig, A. E., and Schnoebelen, P. C.: Roentgen Treatment of Agranulocytosis , J. A. M. A. 97:1757 ( (Dec. 12) ) 1931.Crossref 735. Foran, F. L.; Sheaff, H. 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Copyright © 1935 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
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0730-188X
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10.1001/archinte.1935.00160240130008
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Abstract

Abstract To those who have been closely identified with the field of diseases of the blood it is unnecessary to state that during the past decade there has been at least as much progress in the field of hematology as in any other aspect of internal medicine. Important contributions from both a clinical and a scientific standpoint have been made in recent years from almost every country in the world. As a result, a voluminous literature bearing on the subject has accumulated which makes a complete review impossible. We have attempted, therefore, to select only those articles which have the most important bearing on the recent advances in the subject. Doubtless some valuable papers have been unintentionally omitted, and for these omissions we extend our apologies. Although the primary purpose of this review is to consider the work of the past year in hematology, a number of fundamental articles published prior References 1. Castle, W. B.: Observations on the Etiological Relationship of Achylia Gastrica to Pernicious Anemia: I. The Effect of the Administration to Patients with Pernicious Anemia of the Contents of the Normal Human Stomach Recovered After the Ingestion of Beef Muscle , Am. J. M. Sc. 178:748, 1929.Crossref 2. Castle, W. B., and Townsend, W. C.: Observations on the Etiological Relationship of Achylia Gastrica to Pernicious Anemia: II. The Effect of the Administration to Patients with Pernicious Anemia of Beef Muscle After Incubation with Normal Gastric Juice , Am. J. M. Sc. 178:764, 1929.Crossref 3. Castle, W. B.; Townsend, Wilmot C., and Heath, Clarke, W.: Observations on the Etiological Relationship of Achylia Gastrica to Pernicious Anemi: III. The Nature of the Reaction Between Normal Human Gastric Juice and Beef Muscle Leading to Clinical Improvement and Increased Blood Formation Similar to the Effect of Liver Feeding , Am. J. M. Sc. 180:305, 1930.Crossref 4. Castle, W. B.; Heath, Clarke, W., and Strauss, M. B.: Observations on the Etiological-Relationship of Achylia Gastrica to Pernicious Anemia: IV. A Biologic Assay of the Gastric Secretion of Patients with Pernicious Anemia Having Free Hydrochloric Acid and That of Patients Without Anemia or with Hypochromic Anemia Having No Free Hydrochloric Acid, and of the Rôle of Intestinal Impermeability to Hematopoietic Substances in Pernicious Anemia , Am. J. M. Sc. 182:741, 1931.Crossref 5. Strauss, M. B., and Castle, W. B.: The Nature of the Extrinsic Factor of the Deficiency State in Pernicious Anemia and in Related Macrocytic Anemias, Activation of Yeast Derivatives with Normal Human Gastric Juice , New England J. Med. 207:55, 1932.Crossref 6. Wills, L., and Naish, A.: A Case of Pernicious Anemia Treated with Vitamin B2 from Egg White , Lancet 2:1286, 1933.Crossref 7. Lassen, H. C., and Lassen, H. K.: Yeast or Vitamin B2 as "Extrinsic Factor" in Treatment of Pernicious Anemia , Am. J. M. Sc. 188:461, 1934.Crossref 8. Wills, L.: Nature of the Hematopoietic Factor in Marmite , Lancet 1:1283, 1933.Crossref 9. Ungley, C. C., and James, G. V.: Effect of Yeast and Wheat Embryo in Anemias: Nature of Haematopoietic Factor in Yeast Effective in Pernicious Anemia , Quart. J. Med. 3:523, 1934.Crossref 10. Diehl, F., and Kühnau, J.: Ist Vitamin B2 der therapeutisch wirksame äussere Faktor beim Morbus Biermer? Deutsches Arch. f. klin. Med. 176:149, 1933. 11. Lassen and Lassen,4 editor's footnote. 12. Klumpp, T. G., and Koletsky, S.: The Relation of Gastric Secretion to Hematopoiesis , Ann. Int. Med. 8:991, 1935.Crossref 13. Isaacs, R., and Goldhamer, S. M.: Rôle of Decreased Amount of Gastric Secretion in Production of Pernicious Anemia , Proc. Soc. Exper. Biol. & Med. 31:706, 1934. 14. Goldhamer, S. M.: Relationship Between the Gastric Juice Volume and Erythropoiesis in Patients with Untreated Pernicious Anemia , Proc. Soc. Exper. Biol. & Med. 32:476, 1934. 15. Morris, R. S.; Schiff, L.; Foulger, J. H.: Rich, M. L., and Sherman, J. E.: The Treatment of Pernicious Anemia: Effect of a Single Injection of Concentrated Gastric Juice (Addisin) , J. A. M. A. 100:171 ( (Jan. 21) ) 1933. 16. Fouts, P. J.; Helmer, O. M., and Zerfas, L. G.: The Formation of a Hematopoietic Substance in Concentrated Human Gastric Juice , Am. J. M. Sc. 187:36, 1934. 17. Meulengracht, E.: The Presence of the Anti-Anemic Factor in Preparations of Dried Stomach Substance from the Cardia, Fundus and Pylorus Respectively , Acta med. Scandinav. 82:352, 1934. 18. Brown, Madelaine, R.: The Pathology of the Gastro-Intestinal Tract in Pernicious Anemia and Subacute Combined Degeneration of the Spinal Cord: A Study of One Hundred and Fifty-One Autopsies , New England J. Med. 210:473, 1934. 19. Richter, O.; Ivy, A. C., and Kim, M. S.: Action of Human "Pernicious Anemia Liver Extract," Proc. Soc. Exper. Biol. & Med. 29:1093, 1932. 20. Wilkinson, J. F., and Klein, L.: The Hemopoietic Activity of Normal and Abnormal Human Liver with Special Reference to Pernicious Anemia , Quart. J. Med. 3: 341, 1934. 21. Goldhamer, S. M.; Isaacs, R., and Sturgis, C. C.: The Rôle of the Liver in Hematopoiesis , Am. J. M. Sc. 188:193, 1934. 22. Goodman, L.; Geiger, A. J., and Claiborn, L. N.: Anti-Anemic Potency of Liver After Gastrectomy in Swine , Proc. Soc. Exper. Biol. & Med. 32:810, 1935. 23. Bence, J.: Die Rolle des Magens und der Leber in der Pathologie der perniziösen Anämie , Ztschr. f. klin. Med. 126:127, 1933. 24. Haden, Russell L.: Macrocytosis of the Erythrocytes and Achlorhydria in Pernicious Anemia , J. A. M. A. 98:202 ( (Jan. 16) ) 1932. 25. Bockus, H. L.; Bank, J., and Willard, J. H.: Achlorhydria with Review of Two Hundred and Ten Cases in Patients with Gastro-Intestinal Complaints , Am. J. M. Sc. 184: 185, 1932. 26. Hartfall, Stanley, J.: The Secretion of Gastric Juice in Response to Histamine in Addisonian Anaemia , Guy's Hosp. Rep. 83:37, 1933. 27. Simpson Memorial Institute: Unpublished data. 28. Wilkinson, John F.: The Gastric Secretion in Pernicious Anemia , Quart. J. Med. 1:361, 1932. 29. Barnett, C. W.: The Significance of the Gastric Secretions in Pernicious Anemia , Am. J. M. Sc. 182:170, 1931. 30. Levin, A. L.: The Occurrence of a Pernicious Anemia Syndrome in the Presence of Normal Gastric Acidity , Am. J. Digest. Dis. & Nutrition 1:240, 1934. 31. Castle, Heath and Strauss.1d 32. Wilkinson.19e 33. Davidson, L. S. P.: Pernicious Anaemia with Return of Hydrochloric Acid and Ferments After Treatment , Brit. M. J. 1:182, 1933. 34. Wilkinson.19e 35. Goldhamer, S. M.; Isaacs, R., and Sturgis, C.C.: The Quantitative Relationship Between the Amount of the "Intrinsic Factor of Castle" and the Maturation of Red Blood Cells in Patients with Pernicious Anemia , J. Clin. Investigation , to be published. 36. Emerson, C. P. and Helmer, O. M.: A Study of the Salivary Amylase in Patients with Pernicious Anemia , J. Lab. & Clin. Med. 19:504, 1934. 37. Helmer, O. M.; Fouts, P. J., and Zerfas, L. G.: Gastro-Intestinal Studies; Gastric Juice in Pernicious Anemia , J. Clin. Investigation 11:1129, 1932. 38. Hartfall.19c 39. Wilkinson.19e 40. Helmer, Fouts and Zerfas.24 41. Footnote 19. 42. Helmer, O. M.; Fouts, P. J., and Zerfas, L. G.: (a) Gastro-Intestinal Studies: Pancreatic Enzymes in Pernicious Anemia , J. Clin. Investigation 12: 519, 1933 43. Gastro-Intestinal Studies: The Relation of pH to the Pepsin and Rennin Content of the Gastric Juice , Am. J. Digest. Dis. & Nutrition 1:120, 1934. 44. Wilkinson.19e 45. Burger, G. N.; Hartfall, S. J., and Witts, L. J.: The Secretion of Mucus by the Stomach with Special Reference to Achlorhydric Anaemias , Guy's Hosp. Rep. 83:497, 1933. 46. Wilkinson, John F.: The Action of Acetylcholine on the Gastric Secretion in Man , Brit. J. Exper. Path. 13:141, 1932. 47. Burger, Hartfall and Witts.27 48. Hartfall.19c 49. Cheney, G., and Niemand, F.: A Possible Relationship of Pancreatic Insufficiency to Addison-Biermer (Pernicious) Anemia , Arch. Int. Med. 49:925 ( (June) ) 1932. 50. Helmer, O. M.; Fouts, P. J., and Zerfas, L. G.: Gastro-Intestinal Studies: Determination of Enzymes on Autopsy Specimens from Cases of Pernicious Anemia and Pellagra , Arch. Int. Med. 53:675 ( (May) ) 1934. 51. Ahrens, R. S.: Neurologic Aspects of Primary Anemia , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 28:92 ( (July) ) 1932. 52. Smithburn, R. C., and Zerfas, L. G.: The Neural Symptoms and Signs in Pernicious Anemia: Effects of Liver Extract , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 25:1100 ( (May) ) 1931. 53. Goldhamer, S. M.; Bethell, F. H.; Isaacs, R., and Sturgis, C. C.: The Occurrence and Treatment of Neurologic Changes in Pernicious Anemia , J. A. M. A. 103:1663 ( (Dec. 1) ) 1934. 54. Young, Richard H.: Neurologic Features of Pernicious Anemia , J. A. M. A. 99:612 ( (Aug. 30) ) 1932.Crossref 55. Baker, B. M., Jr.; Bordley, J., III, and Longcope, W. T.: (a) The Effect of Liver Therapy on the Neurologic Manifestations of Pernicious Anemia , Am. J. M. Sc. 184:1, 1932.Crossref 56. The Effect of Liver and Liver Extract upon the Symptoms and Signs Referable to the Nervous System in Pernicious Anemia , Minnesota Med. 13:815, 1930. 57. Grinker, R. R.: Pernicious Anemia, Achylia Gastrica and Combined Cord Degeneration and Their Relationship , Arch. Int. Med. 38:292 ( (Sept.) ) 1926.Crossref 58. Reese, Hans H., and Beigler, S. K.: Subacute Combined Degeneration of the Spinal Cord and Pernicious Anemia , Am. J. M. Sc. 171:194, 1926.Crossref 59. Riley, W. H.: A Clinical Study of Two Hundred and Sixty-Four Cases of Pernicious Anemia with Special Reference to the Involvement of the Central Nervous System , Bull. Battle Creek San. & Hosp. Clin. 18: 195, 1923. 60. Ungley, C. C., and Suzman, M. M.: Subacute Combined Degeneration of the Cord; Symptomatology and Effects of Liver Therapy , Brain 52: 271, 1929. 61. Hadfield, G.: The Central Nervous System in Addisonian Anemia , Bristol Med.-Chir. J. 44:21, 1927. 62. Kiely, Charles: Neurologic and Psychopathic Manifestations of Pernicious Anemia , J. Michigan M. Soc. 31:272, 1932. 63. Young.32 64. Lurie, Louis A.: Pernicious Anemia with Mental Symptoms: Observations on Varying Extent and Probable Duration of Central Nervous System Lesions in Four Necropsied Cases , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 2: 67 ( (July) ) 1919. 65. McAlpine, Douglas: A Review of the Nervous and Mental Aspects of Pernicious Anemia , Lancet 2:643, 1929. 66. Piney, A.: Mental Changes Associated with Pernicious Anaemia , J. Neurol. & Psychopath. 13:127, 1932. 67. Skoog, A. L.: Neurologic Manifestations in Pernicious Anemia , J. A. M. A. 87:1957 ( (Dec. 11) ) 1926. 68. Smith, Lauren H.: Mental and Neurologic Changes in Pernicious Anemia: Report of Case with Treatment by Minot-Murphy Diet , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 22:551 ( (Sept.) ) 1929. 69. Warburg, E. J., and Jorgensen, S.: Psychoses and Neurastheniae Associated with Achylia Gastrica and Megalocytosis and Relation Between This Syndrome and Pernicious Anemia: One Psychosis , Acta med. Scandinav. 69:537, 1928 70. Hospitalstid. 71:974, 1928. 71. Footnotes 31, 72. 32 73. 33a, 74. b, 75. c, 76. d. 77. Camac, C. N. B., and Milne, L. S.: The Spinal Cord Lesions in Two Cases of Pernicious Anemia , Am. J. M. Sc. 140:563 ( (Oct.) ) 1910. 78. Gildea, E. F.; Kattwinkel, E. E., and Castle, W. B.: Experimental Combined System Disease , New England J. Med. 202:523, 1930. 79. Suzman, M. M.; Muller, G. L., and Ungley, C. C.: An Attempt to Produce Spinal Cord Degeneration in Dogs Fed a High Cereal Diet Deficient in Vitamin A: The Incidental Development of a Syndrome of Anemia, Skin Lesions, Anorexia, and Changes in the Concentration of Blood Lipoids , Am. J. Physiol. 101:529, 1932. 80. Davison, Charles: Spinal Cord Changes in Subacute Combined Degeneration Following Liver Therapy: Histopathologic Study , Proc. Soc. Exper. Biol. & Med. 28:639, 1931. 81. Farquharson, Ray F., and Graham, Duncan: Liver Therapy in the Treatment of Subacute Combined Degeneration of the Cord , Canad. M. A. J. 23:237, 1930. 82. Fried, B. M.: Subacute Combined Degeneration of Spinal Cord in Pernicious Anemia: Treatment with Liver Diet , J. A. M. A. 92:1260 ( (April 13) ) 1929.Crossref 83. Garvey, P. H.; Levin, P. M., and Guller, E. I.: Effect of Liver Therapy on the Neurologic Aspects of Pernicious Anemia , Ann. Int. Med. 6:1441, 1933.Crossref 84. 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M.: Extract of Fish Liver in Treatment of Pernicious Anemia: Treatment of Pernicious Anemia with Diet Rich in Vitamines , M. Clin. North America 15:463, 1932. 121. Strauss, M. B., and Castle, W. B.: The Nature of the Extrinsic Factor of the Deficiency State in Pernicious Anemia and in Related Macrocytic Anemias; Activation of Yeast Derivatives with Normal Human Gastric Juice , New England J. Med. 207:55, 1932. 122. Goodall, A.: Treatment of Pernicious Anaemia by Marmite , Lancet 2:781, 1932. 123. Williams, H. A., and Vander Veer, J. B.: Demonstration of Anti-Anemic Factor in Bovine Gastric Juice , Proc. Soc. Exper. Biol. & Med. 29:858, 1932. 124. Sargant, W.: Treatment of Subacute Combined Degeneration of Cord by Massive Iron Dosage , Lancet 1:230, 1932. 125. Connery, J. E., and Goldwater, L. J.: Studies on Patients with Pernicious Anemia Treated with Massive Doses of Liver Extract: Effect on Reticulocytes, Red Cells, Hemoglobin and White Cells , J. Lab. & Clin. Med. 17:1016, 1932. 126. Meyer, A. E.; Richter, O., and Ivy. A. C.: Pernicious Anemia: Treatment with Equine Liver Extract Injectable Either Subcutaneously or Intravenously , Arch. Int. Med. 50:538 ( (Oct.) ) 1932. 127. Davidson, L. S. P.: Treatment of Pernicious Anaemia with Fish-Liver Extract , Brit. M. J. 2:347, 1932. 128. Footnote 53a. 129. Strauss, M. B., and Castle, W. B.: Amount of Material Effective in Pernicious Anemia Present in Dog Liver , Proc. Soc. Exper. Biol. & Med. 31:360, 1933. 130. Jones, N. W.; Phillips, B. I., and Larsell, O.: Hemopoietic Effect of Nuclear Extractives from Red Blood Cells of Fowl in Pernicious Anemia , Northwest Med. 31:380, 1932. 131. Herron, W. F., and McEllroy, W. S.: The Use of Autolyzed Liver in the Treatment of Pernicious Anemia: A Preliminary Clinical Report , J. A. M. A. 100:1084 ( (April 8) ) 1933. 132. Castle, W. B., and Strauss, M. B.: Effect of Autolysis on Potency of Liver in Treatment of Pernicious Anemia , J. A. M. 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W.: Coexistence of Pernicious Anemia and Lesions of Gastro-Intestinal Tract: Carcinoma of Stomach; Consideration of Twenty Cases: Eleven Reported , Ann. Int. Med. 7:89, 1933. 152. Godhamer, S. M.: The Pernicious Anaemia Syndrome in Gastrectomized Patients , Surg., Gynec. & Obst. 57:257, 1933. 153. Rowlands, R. A., and Simpson, S. Levy: Addisonian Anemia Following Gastrectomy and Gastro-Jejunostomy , Lancet 2:1202, 1932. 154. Ungley, C. C.: A Case of Complete Gastrectomy Followed by Pernicious Anaemia , Newcastle M. J. 12:192 ( (Oct.) ) 1932. 155. Hurst, A. F.: Case of Addison's Anemia with Subacute Combined Degeneration of Spinal Cord and Normal Gastric Secretion Following Chronic Obstruction of Ileum , Guy's Hosp. Rep. 83:47, 1933. 156. Birkeland, I. W.: "Bothriocephalus Anemia"; Diphyllobothrium Latum and Pernicious Anemia , Medicine 11:1, 1932. 157. Mills, E. S.: Anaemia from Dibothriocephalus Latus , Canad. M. A. J. 25:75, 1931. 158. Magath, T. 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J. M. Sc. 181: 240, 1931. 211. Hunter, W. C.: Further Studies of White Family Showing Elliptical Erythrocytes , Ann. Int. Med. 6:775, 1932. 212. Baserga, A.: Le mielosi aplastiche: contributo sperimentale ed anatomopatologico, Haematologica , I. Arch. 13:481, 1932. 213. Thompson, W. P.; Richter, M. N., and Edsall, K. S.: An Analysis of So-Called Aplastic Anemia , Am. J. M. Sc. 187:77, 1934. 214. Adolph, E. F.; Gerbasi, M. J., and Lepore, M. J.: Rate of Entrance of Fluid into the Blood in Hemorrhage , Am. J. Physiol. 104:502, 1933. 215. Neumann, B.: Experimentelle Beiträge zum Studium des Blutverlustes: II. Die Veränderungen der Eiweisswerte und des osmotischen Druckes im Serum und das Auftreten junger Erythrocyten , Arch. f. klin. Chir. 172:529, 1932. 216. Camero, A. R., and Krumbhaar, E. B.: The Effect of Experimental Massive Hemorrhages on the Size of the Red Blood Cell in Dogs , Am. J. Physiol. 103:407, 1933. 217. Leichsenring, J. M., and Honig, H. H.: Blood Regeneration Studies: I. Changes in the Volume, Number and Size of the Erythrocytes in Hemorrhagic Anemia , Am. J. Physiol. 98:636, 1931. 218. Murphy, W. P., and Fitzhugh, G.: Red Cell Size in Anemia: Its Value in Differential Diagnosis , Arch. Int. Med. 46:440 ( (Sept.) ) 1930. 219. Lindenbaum, J. S.: Das Knochenmark in den ersten Stunden und Tagen nach dem Aderlass , Folia haemat. 39:501, 1930. 220. Lewin, O.: Die morphologischen Veränderungen in den blutbildenden Organen nach akuten Blutverlusten. Experimentelle Untersuchungen , Beitr. z. path. Anat. u. z. allg. Path. 88:394, 1932. 221. Steele, B. F.: The Effects of Blood Loss and Blood Destruction upon Erythroid Cells in the Bone Marrow of Rabbits , J. Exper. Med. 57:881, 1933. 222. Gordon, A. S.: The Quantitative Nature of the Red Cell Response to Single Bleeding , Proc. Soc. Exper. Biol. & Med. 31:563, 1934. 223. Eaton, P., and Damren, F. L.: A Method for Determining the Life Duration of the Erythrocyte: II. The Rate of Red Cell Production After Hemorrhage , South. M. J. 23:395, 1930.Crossref 224. Miller, D. K., and Rhoads, C. P.: The Effect of Hemoglobin Injections on Erythropoiesis and Erythrocyte Size in Rabbits Rendered Anemic by Bleeding , J. Exper. Med. 59:333, 1934.Crossref 225. Pepper, O. H. P., and Farley, D. L.: Practical Hematological Diagnosis , Philadelphia, W. B. Saunders Company, 1933. 226. Morrison, M.: Analysis of Blood Picture in One Hundred Cases of Malignancy , J. Lab. & Clin. Med. 17:1071, 1932. 227. Conner, H. M., and Birkeland, I. W.: Coexistence of Pernicious Anemia and Lesions of Gastro-Intestinal Tract: Carcinoma of Stomach; Consideration of Twenty Cases; Eleven Reported , Ann. Int. Med. 7:89, 1933. 228. Musser, J. H.: Anemias Simulating Pernicious Anemia , Proc. Internat. Assemb. Inter-State Post-Grad. M. A. North America 6:409, 1931. 229. Goldhamer, S. M., and Bethell, F. H.: The Value of Iron Therapy in Secondary Anemia, to be published. 230. Markowitz, B.: The Hematopoietic System and Infection , Am. J. Clin. Path. 2:449, 1932. 231. Kugelmass, I. N., and Lampe, M.: Mechanism of Anemia Associated with Infection in Infancy and in Childhood , Am. J. Dis. Child. 43:291 ( (Feb.) ) 1932. 232. Weiss, A.: Blood Picture in Infectious Disease , J. Lab. & Clin. Med. 16:655, 1931. 233. Eisenberg, A. A., and Nemans, H. S.: Value of Schilling Hemogram in Infections: Preliminary Report Based on Three Thousand Five Hundred Cases , Am. J. Surg. 21:56, 1933. 234. Lisser, H., and Anderson, E. M.: Three Cases of Adult Myxedema in Women, Reported for Purpose of Calling Attention to Their Widely Different Symptomatology and Clinical Findings , Endocrinology 15:365, 1931. 235. Davis, C. L.: Myxedema with Associated Primary Type of Anemia , Pennsylvania M. J. 34: 873, 1931. 236. Means, J. H.; Lerman, J., and Castle, W. B.: Coexistence of Myxedema and Pernicious Anemia , New England J. Med. 204:243, 1931. 237. Kunde, M. M.; Green, M. F., and Burns, G.: Blood Changes in Experimental Hypoand Hyperthyroidism (Rabbit) , Am. J. Physiol. 99:469, 1932. 238. Lerman, J., and Means, J. H.: The Treatment of Anemia of Myxoedema , Endocrinology 16:535, 1932. 239. McCullagh, E. P., and Dunlap, J. H.: Blood picture in Hyperthyroidism and in Hypothroidism , J. Lab. & Clin. Med. 17: 1060, 1932. 240. Gottlieb, R.: Blood Studies in Hyperthyroidism , J. Lab. & Clin. Med. 19: 371, 1934. 241. Footnote 125b. 242. Hertz, S., and Lerman, J.: Blood Picture in Exophthalmic Goitre: Changes Resulting from Iodine and Operation; Study by Means of Supravital Technic , J. Clin. Investigation 11:1179, 1932. 243. Jackson, A. S.: Blood Picture in Six Hundred Cases of Goitre; Especial Reference to Effect of Iodine and Thyroidectomy , J. A. M. A. 97:1954 ( (Dec. 26) ) 1931. 244. Brown, G. E., and Roth, G. M.: Anemia of Chronic Nephritis , Arch. Int. Med. 30:817 ( (Dec.) ) 1922. 245. Berg, B. 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I.: Agranulocytic Angina (Pernicious Leukopenia) , Am. J. M. Sc. 185:552, 1933.Crossref 698. Jackson, H., Jr., and Parker, F., Jr.: Agranulocytosis: Its Etiology and Treatment , New England J. Med. 212:137, 1935.Crossref 699. Fitz-Hugh, T., Jr., and Krumbhaar, E. B.: Myeloid Cell Hyperplasia of the Bone Marrow in Agranulocytic Angina , Am. J. M. Sc. 183:104, 1932.Crossref 700. Brogistter, A. M., and von Kress, H.: Ueber die "Agranulocytose": Krankheit: Eine Kritik der Kasuistik und eigene klinische Beobachtungen , Virchows Arch. f. path. Anat. 276:768, 1930.Crossref 701. Jackson, H., Jr.: Agranulocytic Angina and Allied Conditions , Internat. Clin. 3:68, 1933. 702. Footnote 421. 703. Pepper, O. H. P.: Leucopenia: A Review with Special Reference to Agranulocytic Angina , California & West. Med. 35:173, 1931. 704. Baldridge, C. W., and Needles, R. J.: Idiopathic Neutropenia , Am. J. M. Sc. 181:533, 1931. 705. Thompson, W. P.: Observations on the Possible Relation Between Agranulocytosis and Menstruation with Further Studies on a Case of Cyclic Neutropenia , New England J. Med. 210:176, 1934. 706. Hubble, D.: Influence of Endocrine System in Blood Disorders , Lancet 2:113, 1933. 707. Achard, C.; Coste, F., and Cahen, R.: A propos des désordres hématologiques provoqués par les sels d'or , Bull. et mém. Soc. méd. d. hôp. de Paris 48: 547, 1932. 708. Ameuille and Braillon: Sept cas de syndromes agranulocytaires auriques , Achard Bull. et mém. Soc. méd. d. hôp. de Paris 48:1627, 1932. 709. Angéras and Ginsbourg: Aleucie hémorragique (agranulocytose) post-chrysothérapique , Sang 6:798, 1932. 710. Kracke, R. R.: Experimental Production of Agranulocytosis , Am. J. Clin. Path. 2:11, 1932. 711. Kracke, R. R., and Parker, F. P.: The Etiology of Granulopenia (Agranulocytosis) with Particular Reference to Drugs Containing the Benzene Ring , J. Lab. & Clin. Med. 19:799, 1934. 712. Bohn, S. S.: Agranulocytic Angina Following the Ingestion of Dinitrophenol , J. A. M. A. 103:249 ( (July 28) ) 1934. 713. Davidson, E. N., and Shapiro, M.: Neutropenia Following Dinitrophenol, with Improvement After Pentnucleotide Therapy and Leukocyte Cream , J. A. M. A. 103:480 ( (Aug. 18) ) 1934. 714. Dameshek, W., and Gargill, S. L.: Studies in Agranulocytosis: Report of Two Cases of Agranulocytosis Following Use of Dinitrophenol , New England J. Med. 211: 440, 1934. 715. Silver, S.: New Danger in Dinitrophenol Therapy: Agranulocytosis with Fatal Outcome , J. A. M. A. 103:1058 ( (Oct. 6) ) 1934. 716. Madison, F. W., and Squier, T. L.: Primary Granulocytopenia After Administration of Benzene Chain Derivatives , J. A. M. A. 101:2076 ( (Dec. 23) ) 1933. 717. Madison, F. W., and Squier, T. L.: The Etiology of Primary Granulocytopenia (Agranulocytic Angina) , J. A. M. A. 102:755 ( (March 10) ) 1934. 718. Watkins, C. H.: The Possible Rôle of Barbiturates and Amidopyrin in Causation of Leucopenic States , Proc. Staff Meet., Mayo Clin. 8:713, 1933. 719. Randall, Clyde L.: Severe Granulopenia Following the Use of Barbiturates and Amidopyrine: Report of Case , J. A. M. A. 102:1137 ( (April 7) ) 1934. 720. Hoffman, A. M.; Butt, E. M., and Hickey, N. G.: Neutropenia Following Amidopyrine, Preliminary Report , J. A. M. A. 102:1213 ( (April 14) ) 1934. 721. Sturgis, C. C, and Isaacs, R.: Observations Concerning the Etiology of Agranulocytosis , Tr. A. Am. Physicians 46:328, 1934. 722. Plum, P.: Agranulocytosis Due to Amidopyrine , Lancet 1:14, 1935. 723. Reznikoff, P.: The Relation of Amidopyrine and the Barbituric Acid Derivatives to Granulocytopenia, Special Report to the Council on Pharmacy and Chemistry of the American Medical Association , J. A. M. A. 102:2183 ( (June 30) ) 1934. 724. Seeman, H.: Amidopyrine as Etiological Factor in Agranulocytosis , Ugesk. f. læger 96:241, 1934. 725. 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M.: The Effect of Leukocytic Cream Injections in the Treatment of the Neutropenias , Am. J. M. Sc. 187:527, 1934.Crossref 743. Doan, Charles A.: The Neutropenic State: Its Significance and Therapeutic Rationale , J. A. M. A. 99:194 ( (July 16) ) 1932.Crossref 744. Uffenorde, H.: Ausgedehnte Nekrotisierungen des Verdauungschlauches bei Agranulocytose nebst Bemerkungen über die ursächlichen Bedingungen dieser Erkrankung , Virchows Arch. f. path. Anat. 287:555, 1932.Crossref 745. Haden, R. L.: Clinical Significance of Volume and Hemoglobin Content of the Red Blood Cell , Arch. Int. Med. 49:1032 ( (June) ) 1932.Crossref 746. Osgood, E. E., and Haskins, H. D.: Causes, Classification and Differential Diagnosis of Anemias Based on Detailed Examination of Over Two Hundred Patients and Study of the Literature , Ann. Int. Med. 5:1367, 1932.Crossref 747. Wintrobe, M. M.: Anemia: Classification and Treatment on Basis of Differences in Average Volume and Hemoglobin Content of Red Corpuscles , Arch. Int. Med. 54:256 ( (Aug.) ) 1934.Crossref 748. Heller, V. G., and Paul, H.: Changes in Cell Volume Produced by Varying Concentrations of Different Anti-Coagulants , J. Lab. & Clin. Med. 19:777, 1934. 749. Keller, H. R.: Die klinische und praktische Bedeutung der Erythrocytendurchmesserbestimmung mit Hilfe der Diffraktionsmethode (Halometrie), unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Perniciosa-Diagnose , Ztschr. f. klin. Med. 127:132, 1934. 750. Bock, H. E.: Neue Möglichkeiten praktischer Anämiediagnostik (Ergebnisse der Erythrozytometrie) , München. med. Wchnschr. 81:1646, 1934. 751. Reich, C., and Tiedemann, V. G.: Study of "Iron Volume Index" of Blood and Its Significance in Treatment of Anemia , Am. J. M. Sc. 184:637, 1932. 752. Dowden, C. W., and McNeill, C.: Clinical Study of Blood Iron and Hemoglobin , J. Lab. & Clin. Med. 19:362, 1934. 753. Haden, R. L.: Determination of Hemoglobin by Iron Content Method , J. Lab. & Clin. Med. 19:406, 1934. 754. Broun, G. O., and Briggs, A. P.: Hemoglobin and Blood Cell Relations as Determined by Iron and Oxygen Capacity Methods , J. Lab. & Clin. Med. 19:886, 1934. 755. Tompkins, E. H.: Clinical Application of Supra-Vital Staining , J. Lab. & Clin. Med. 17:921, 1932. 756. Harkins, H. N.: Present Status of Blood Examination in Diagnosis of Surgical Infections with Study of Twenty-Seven Indices of Infection Reported in Literature , Surg., Gynec. & Obst. 59:48, 1934. 757. Case, J. W., Jr.: Schilling Differential Count and Red Cell Sedimentation Rate as Measurement of Activity in Pulmonary Tuberculosis , New England J. Med. 211:252, 1934. 758. Arvanitopulo, F. T.: Study of Morphology of White Corpuscles of Blood in Prognosis of Operations , Ann. Surg. 100:11, 1934. 759. Rogatz, J. L.: Schilling Blood Count as Aid in Diagnosis of Acute Appendicitis in Children , J. Pediat. 4:757, 1934. 760. 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Blacher, L.: Recherches expérimentales sur les méthodes d'exploration et sur la morphologie des thrombocytes ainsi que sur leur importance clinique en tant que système autonome , Sang 9:147, 1935. 767. Young, R. H., and Osgood, E. E.: Sternal Marrow Aspirated During Life: Cytology in Health and in Disease , Arch. Int. Med. 55:186 ( (Feb.) ) 1935. 768. Reich, C.: A Modified Technique for Sternal Puncture and Its Value in Hematologic Diagnosis , J. Lab. & Clin. Med. 20:286, 1934.

Journal

Archives of Internal MedicineAmerican Medical Association

Published: Jun 1, 1935

References

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