Abstract Rhegmatogenous * retinal detachment, retinal breaks, developmental abnormalities, degeneration of the peripheral retina, juxtapapillary staphyloma, chorioretinal dysplasia, and retinoschisis have been described in several breeds of dog.1-5 To determine whether clinically detectable changes in the vitreous body are related to these conditions, the vitreous cavities of 24 affected collies were examined in detail. This paper is a description of the biomicroscopic findings and their correlation with the fundus abnormalities previously reported in these animals.1 Materials and Methods The collies, 9 males and 15 females, ranged in age from 5 months to 4 years. A complete fundus drawing was made of each of the 48 eyes and was used as a guide for study of the vitreous with the Zeiss Opton slit lamp and a three-mirror contact lens. When a small palpebral fissure precluded the use of the standard three-mirror lens, an especially designed contact lens with an adjustable mirror References 1. Due to a retinal break 2. Liquefaction of the vitreous gel. 3. Freeman, H.; Donovan, R.; and Schepens, C. L.: Fundus Anomalies in Collie Dog, to be published. 4. Okun, E.; Rubin, L. F.; and Collins, E. M.: Retinal Breaks in Senile Dog Eye , Arch Ophthal 66:702-707, 1961.Crossref 5. Roberts, S. R.: Congenital Posterior Ecstasia of Sclera in Collie Dogs , Amer J Ophthal 50:451-465, 1960. 6. Everett, W. G.: Peripheral Cystic Degeneration of Retina: Preliminary Report , Amer J Ophthal 43:472-473, 1957. 7. Parry, H. B.: Degeneration of Dog Retina. II. Generalized Progressive Atrophy of Hereditary Origin , Brit J Ophthal 37:487-502, 1953.Crossref 8. Wolff, E.: Anatomy of Eye and Orbit , ed 4, New York: McGraw-Hill, 1954, p 119.
Archives of Ophthalmology – American Medical Association
Published: May 1, 1965
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