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BIOLOGICAL SIGNIFICANCE OF HEAD POSTURE IN UNILATERAL DISEQUILIBRIUM

BIOLOGICAL SIGNIFICANCE OF HEAD POSTURE IN UNILATERAL DISEQUILIBRIUM Abstract UNTIL now the significance of head posture has been considered chiefly from the symptomatological point of view. It is common knowledge that changes of head posture occur in general disturbances, such as meningeal or muscular disorders, or as a corrective posture in local lesions producing such disturbances as diplopia, homonymous hemianopsia, or unilateral positional vertigo. Deviation of the head occurs also in posterior fossa tumors and for some time may be the only sign present. The classic investigations of Magnus1 showed that head posture not only undergoes passive alterations but can, under certain circumstances, effect an active influence. He revealed in his experiments on animals that turning of the head to one side caused extension of the "facial" limbs and flexion of the "occipital" limbs. Tonic neck reflexes were later observed, as is well known, under pathological conditions in human beings too. They appear with certain variations, particularly in References 1. References 2 and 3. 2. References 6 through 10. 3. Magnus, R.: Körperstellung , Berlin, Springer-Verlag, 1924. 4. Goldstein, K.: Zum Problem der Tendenz zum ausgezeichneten Verhalten , Deutsche Ztschr. Nervenh. 109:1, 1929.Crossref 5. Goldstein, K.: Two Ways of Adjustment of the Organism to Cerebral Defects , J. Mt. Sinai Hosp. 9:504, 1942. 6. Curschmann, H.: Über Labyrintherkrankungen als Ursache des spastischen Torticollis , Deutsche Ztschr. Nervenh. 33:305, 1907.Crossref 7. Halpern, L.: Über das Symptomenbild der Stirnhirnläsion unter spezieller Berücksichtigung der Störungen des Gleichgewichts , Monatsschr. Psychiat. u. Neurol. 94:14, 1936. 8. Halpern, L.: Syndrome of Sensorimotor Induction in Disturbed Equilibrium , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 62:330, 1949. 9. Halpern, L.: Syndrome of Sensorimotor Induction in Combined Cerebellar and Labyrinthine Injury , J. Nerv. & Ment. Dis. 114:137, 1951. 10. Halpern, L.: Le syndrome d'induction sensorimotrice dans les troubles de l'équilibre , Paris, Masson & Cie, 1951. 11. Rozanski, J.: Contribution à l'etude du syndrome d'induction sensorimotrice , Arch. suiss. neurol. 69:248, 1952. 12. Halpern, L., and Kidron, D. P.: Sensorimotor Induction Syndrome in Unilateral Disequilibrium , Neurology 4:233, 1954. 13. Halpern, L., and Landau, J.: Head Posture and Visual Functions , Monatsschr. Psychiat. u. Neurol. 125:148, 1953. 14. Goldstein, K., and Jablonski, W.: Über den Einfluss des Tonus auf Refraktion und Sehleistungen , von Graefes Arch. Ophth. 130:395, 1933. 15. Halpern, L., and Feinmesser, M.: Head Posture and Acoustic Perception , Monatsschr. Psychiat u. Neurol. 127:122, 1954. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png A.M.A. Archives of Neurology & Psychiatry American Medical Association

BIOLOGICAL SIGNIFICANCE OF HEAD POSTURE IN UNILATERAL DISEQUILIBRIUM

A.M.A. Archives of Neurology & Psychiatry , Volume 72 (2) – Aug 1, 1954

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1954 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0096-6886
DOI
10.1001/archneurpsyc.1954.02330020028003
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract UNTIL now the significance of head posture has been considered chiefly from the symptomatological point of view. It is common knowledge that changes of head posture occur in general disturbances, such as meningeal or muscular disorders, or as a corrective posture in local lesions producing such disturbances as diplopia, homonymous hemianopsia, or unilateral positional vertigo. Deviation of the head occurs also in posterior fossa tumors and for some time may be the only sign present. The classic investigations of Magnus1 showed that head posture not only undergoes passive alterations but can, under certain circumstances, effect an active influence. He revealed in his experiments on animals that turning of the head to one side caused extension of the "facial" limbs and flexion of the "occipital" limbs. Tonic neck reflexes were later observed, as is well known, under pathological conditions in human beings too. They appear with certain variations, particularly in References 1. References 2 and 3. 2. References 6 through 10. 3. Magnus, R.: Körperstellung , Berlin, Springer-Verlag, 1924. 4. Goldstein, K.: Zum Problem der Tendenz zum ausgezeichneten Verhalten , Deutsche Ztschr. Nervenh. 109:1, 1929.Crossref 5. Goldstein, K.: Two Ways of Adjustment of the Organism to Cerebral Defects , J. Mt. Sinai Hosp. 9:504, 1942. 6. Curschmann, H.: Über Labyrintherkrankungen als Ursache des spastischen Torticollis , Deutsche Ztschr. Nervenh. 33:305, 1907.Crossref 7. Halpern, L.: Über das Symptomenbild der Stirnhirnläsion unter spezieller Berücksichtigung der Störungen des Gleichgewichts , Monatsschr. Psychiat. u. Neurol. 94:14, 1936. 8. Halpern, L.: Syndrome of Sensorimotor Induction in Disturbed Equilibrium , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 62:330, 1949. 9. Halpern, L.: Syndrome of Sensorimotor Induction in Combined Cerebellar and Labyrinthine Injury , J. Nerv. & Ment. Dis. 114:137, 1951. 10. Halpern, L.: Le syndrome d'induction sensorimotrice dans les troubles de l'équilibre , Paris, Masson & Cie, 1951. 11. Rozanski, J.: Contribution à l'etude du syndrome d'induction sensorimotrice , Arch. suiss. neurol. 69:248, 1952. 12. Halpern, L., and Kidron, D. P.: Sensorimotor Induction Syndrome in Unilateral Disequilibrium , Neurology 4:233, 1954. 13. Halpern, L., and Landau, J.: Head Posture and Visual Functions , Monatsschr. Psychiat. u. Neurol. 125:148, 1953. 14. Goldstein, K., and Jablonski, W.: Über den Einfluss des Tonus auf Refraktion und Sehleistungen , von Graefes Arch. Ophth. 130:395, 1933. 15. Halpern, L., and Feinmesser, M.: Head Posture and Acoustic Perception , Monatsschr. Psychiat u. Neurol. 127:122, 1954.

Journal

A.M.A. Archives of Neurology & PsychiatryAmerican Medical Association

Published: Aug 1, 1954

References