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Bilateral Nasal Proboscis: Associated with Unilateral Anophthalmia, Unilateral Diffuse Pigmentation of the Conjunctiva, and Anomalies of the Skull and Brain

Bilateral Nasal Proboscis: Associated with Unilateral Anophthalmia, Unilateral Diffuse... Abstract Cases in which there is a lateral nasal proboscis on one side have been described and illustrated fairly frequently. The early literature has been reviewed by Grunberg (1909), Zausch (1926), Berblinger (1928), and Stupka (1938). Cases have been described also by Blair and Brown (1931), Biber (1949), Smith (1950), Cottle et al. (1956), Meyer (1956), and Bremer (1956). The case presented here had a lateral nasal proboscis on each side; we have found no reference to such an instance and thus consider it worth while reporting. We have called the condition bilateral nasal proboscis. Report of a Case The mother of the infant to be described was 39 years of age. Her previous two children are alive and well with no abnormalities. During her third pregnancy, which terminated with the birth of the malformed baby, there was hydramnios. The pregnancy was full term; the baby, a boy, was born alive, References 1. Berblinger, W.: Missbildungen der Nase , in Handbuch der speziellen pathologischen Anatomie und Histologie , edited by F. Henke and O. Lubarsch, Berlin, Springer-Verlag, 1928, Bd. III, Teil I. 2. Biber, J. J.: Proboscis Lateralis: A Rare Malformation of the Nose; Its Genesis and Treatment , J. Laryng. & Otol. 63:734-741 ( (Dec.) ) 1949. 3. Bischoff, C. W., cited by Grunberg9 and Zausch.23 4. Blair, V. P., and Brown, J. B.: Nasal Abnormalities, Fancied and Real: Reaction of Patient; Their Attempted Correction , Surg. Gynec. & Obst. 53:797-819 ( (Dec.) ) 1931. 5. Bremer, J. L.: Congenital Anomalies of the Viscera: Their Embryological Basis , Cambridge, Mass., Harvard University Press, 1956. 6. Cottle, M. H.; Fischer, G. G.; Loring R. M.; Riggs, R. H., and Philpott, I. W.: Early Nasal Injuries: A Factor in Facial and Dental Deformity , American Medical Association Scientific Exhibits, New York, Grune & Stratton Inc., 1956, pp. 161-170. 7. De Young, V. R.: Hydramnios as a Signal to the Physician Responsible for Newborn Infants , J. Pediat. 53:277-284 ( (Sept.) ) 1958. 8. Frazer, J. E.: Manual of Embryology , Ed. 3, edited by J. S. Baxter, London, Baillière, Tindall & Cox, 1953. 9. Grunberg, K.: Die Gesichtsspalten und die zu ihnen in genetischer Beziehung stehenden ander-weitigen Missbildungen des Gesichtes , in Die Morphologie der Missbildungen des Menschen und der Tiere , edited by E. Schwalbe, Jena, VEB Gustav Fischer Verlag, 1909, Teil III, Abt. 1. 10. Kirchmayr, cited by Stupka.20 11. Klaff, D. D.: The Surgical Anatomy of the Antero-Caudal Portion of the Nasal Septum: A Study of the Area of the Premaxilla , Laryngoscope 66:995-1020 ( (Aug.) ) 1956. 12. Lehmann-Nitsche, R.: Ein seltener Fall von angeborener medianer Spaltung der oberen Gesichtshäfte , Arch. path. Anat. 163:126-134, 1901. 13. Lloyd, J. R., and Clatworthy, H. W. Jr.: Hydramnios as an Aid to the Early Diagnosis of Congenital Obstruction of the Alimentary Tract: A Study of the Maternal and Fetal Factors , Pediatrics 21:903-909 ( (June) ) 1958. 14. Meyer, R.: Über angeborene äussere Nasen-deformitäten , Pract. Oto-rino-laryng. 18:399-416 ( (Nov.) ) 1956. 15. Noback, C. R., and Moss, M. L.: The Topology of the Human Premaxillary Bone , Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. 11:181-187 ( (June) ) 1953. 16. Patten, B. M.: Human Embryology , Ed. 2, New York, The Blakiston Company (division of McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc.), 1953, p. 428. 17. Selenkoff, A.: Ein Fall von Arhinencephalia unilateralis bei einem Manne , Arch. path. Anat. 95:95-101, 1884. 18. Smith F.: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery: A Manual of Management , Philadelphia, W. B. Saunders Company, 1950. 19. Streeter, G. L.: Developmental Horizons in Human Embryos: Age Groups XV, XVI, XVII and XVIII , in Contributions to Embryology , Washington, D. C., Carnegie Institution of Washington, 1949, Vol. 33, pp. 135-203. 20. Stupka, W.: Die Missbildungen und Anomalien der Nase und des Nasenrachenraumes , Wien, Springer-Verlag, 1938. 21. Tendlau, A., cited by Stupka.20 22. Woo, J. K.: Ossification and Growth of the Human Maxilla, Premaxilla and Palate Bone , Anat. Rec. 105:737-762 ( (Dec.) ) 1949. 23. Zausch, F.: Die angeborenen Missbildungen und Formfehler der Nase , in Handbuch der Hals-Nasen-Ohren-Heilkunde, mit Einschluss der Grenzgebiete , edited by A. Denker and O. Kahler, Berlin, Springer-Verlag, 1926, Vol. II. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png A.M.A. Archives of Otolaryngology American Medical Association

Bilateral Nasal Proboscis: Associated with Unilateral Anophthalmia, Unilateral Diffuse Pigmentation of the Conjunctiva, and Anomalies of the Skull and Brain

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1959 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0096-6894
DOI
10.1001/archotol.1959.00730040557002
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Abstract

Abstract Cases in which there is a lateral nasal proboscis on one side have been described and illustrated fairly frequently. The early literature has been reviewed by Grunberg (1909), Zausch (1926), Berblinger (1928), and Stupka (1938). Cases have been described also by Blair and Brown (1931), Biber (1949), Smith (1950), Cottle et al. (1956), Meyer (1956), and Bremer (1956). The case presented here had a lateral nasal proboscis on each side; we have found no reference to such an instance and thus consider it worth while reporting. We have called the condition bilateral nasal proboscis. Report of a Case The mother of the infant to be described was 39 years of age. Her previous two children are alive and well with no abnormalities. During her third pregnancy, which terminated with the birth of the malformed baby, there was hydramnios. The pregnancy was full term; the baby, a boy, was born alive, References 1. Berblinger, W.: Missbildungen der Nase , in Handbuch der speziellen pathologischen Anatomie und Histologie , edited by F. Henke and O. Lubarsch, Berlin, Springer-Verlag, 1928, Bd. III, Teil I. 2. Biber, J. J.: Proboscis Lateralis: A Rare Malformation of the Nose; Its Genesis and Treatment , J. Laryng. & Otol. 63:734-741 ( (Dec.) ) 1949. 3. Bischoff, C. W., cited by Grunberg9 and Zausch.23 4. Blair, V. P., and Brown, J. B.: Nasal Abnormalities, Fancied and Real: Reaction of Patient; Their Attempted Correction , Surg. Gynec. & Obst. 53:797-819 ( (Dec.) ) 1931. 5. Bremer, J. L.: Congenital Anomalies of the Viscera: Their Embryological Basis , Cambridge, Mass., Harvard University Press, 1956. 6. Cottle, M. H.; Fischer, G. G.; Loring R. M.; Riggs, R. H., and Philpott, I. W.: Early Nasal Injuries: A Factor in Facial and Dental Deformity , American Medical Association Scientific Exhibits, New York, Grune & Stratton Inc., 1956, pp. 161-170. 7. De Young, V. R.: Hydramnios as a Signal to the Physician Responsible for Newborn Infants , J. Pediat. 53:277-284 ( (Sept.) ) 1958. 8. Frazer, J. E.: Manual of Embryology , Ed. 3, edited by J. S. Baxter, London, Baillière, Tindall & Cox, 1953. 9. Grunberg, K.: Die Gesichtsspalten und die zu ihnen in genetischer Beziehung stehenden ander-weitigen Missbildungen des Gesichtes , in Die Morphologie der Missbildungen des Menschen und der Tiere , edited by E. Schwalbe, Jena, VEB Gustav Fischer Verlag, 1909, Teil III, Abt. 1. 10. Kirchmayr, cited by Stupka.20 11. Klaff, D. D.: The Surgical Anatomy of the Antero-Caudal Portion of the Nasal Septum: A Study of the Area of the Premaxilla , Laryngoscope 66:995-1020 ( (Aug.) ) 1956. 12. Lehmann-Nitsche, R.: Ein seltener Fall von angeborener medianer Spaltung der oberen Gesichtshäfte , Arch. path. Anat. 163:126-134, 1901. 13. Lloyd, J. R., and Clatworthy, H. W. Jr.: Hydramnios as an Aid to the Early Diagnosis of Congenital Obstruction of the Alimentary Tract: A Study of the Maternal and Fetal Factors , Pediatrics 21:903-909 ( (June) ) 1958. 14. Meyer, R.: Über angeborene äussere Nasen-deformitäten , Pract. Oto-rino-laryng. 18:399-416 ( (Nov.) ) 1956. 15. Noback, C. R., and Moss, M. L.: The Topology of the Human Premaxillary Bone , Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. 11:181-187 ( (June) ) 1953. 16. Patten, B. M.: Human Embryology , Ed. 2, New York, The Blakiston Company (division of McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc.), 1953, p. 428. 17. Selenkoff, A.: Ein Fall von Arhinencephalia unilateralis bei einem Manne , Arch. path. Anat. 95:95-101, 1884. 18. Smith F.: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery: A Manual of Management , Philadelphia, W. B. Saunders Company, 1950. 19. Streeter, G. L.: Developmental Horizons in Human Embryos: Age Groups XV, XVI, XVII and XVIII , in Contributions to Embryology , Washington, D. C., Carnegie Institution of Washington, 1949, Vol. 33, pp. 135-203. 20. Stupka, W.: Die Missbildungen und Anomalien der Nase und des Nasenrachenraumes , Wien, Springer-Verlag, 1938. 21. Tendlau, A., cited by Stupka.20 22. Woo, J. K.: Ossification and Growth of the Human Maxilla, Premaxilla and Palate Bone , Anat. Rec. 105:737-762 ( (Dec.) ) 1949. 23. Zausch, F.: Die angeborenen Missbildungen und Formfehler der Nase , in Handbuch der Hals-Nasen-Ohren-Heilkunde, mit Einschluss der Grenzgebiete , edited by A. Denker and O. Kahler, Berlin, Springer-Verlag, 1926, Vol. II.

Journal

A.M.A. Archives of OtolaryngologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Nov 1, 1959

References