Opinion EDITORIAL Phil Fontanarosa, MD, MBA; Howard Bauchner, MD; Annette Flanagin, MA, RN The complexity, scope, and scale of scientific research have age of articles with group authors increased as well (from expanded substantially. During the past several decades, there a range of 17%-37% in 2005 to 30%-45% in 2015). has been increasing prevalence of large, international, multi- In addition, some reports involving major research discov- eries have listed hundreds to thousands of individuals as au- center clinical trials; multidisciplinary investigations involv- 5,6 ing interventional studies or observational research; and stud- thors. For example, in 2001, 2 articles reported the sequenc- ies that combine large data sets (“big data”) from multiple ing of the human genome; one included more than 270 cohorts or research consortia and use sophisticated analytic individuals named as authors, and the other listed a research methods, such as in some studies involving genomic research consortium that included more than 20 centers and more than or machine learning. This trend toward increasingly collabora- 240 individual authors and collaborators. Examples of recent tive research involving multiple investigators and research articles in biomedical journals that have involved team sci- groups has been referred to as group science, ensemble
JAMA – American Medical Association
Published: Dec 26, 2017
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