Get 20M+ Full-Text Papers For Less Than $1.50/day. Start a 14-Day Trial for You or Your Team.

Learn More →

Atypical Acid-Fast Organism Infection of the Skin

Atypical Acid-Fast Organism Infection of the Skin Abstract At the 15th International Tuberculosis Conference1 held in Istanbul in September, 1959, considerable emphasis was placed on the occurrence of numerous cases of atypical acid-fast bacillus infections. Their emergence as a world-wide problem of increasing prevalence was recognized. The term "atypical," a title which implies variation from the "typical," was employed as an expedient, and it was hoped that this term will eventually be replaced by specific organism identification. Actually, these organisms are not unusual or atypical variations of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, but they are acid-fast bacilli, isolated from human sources, of undetermined taxonomic position which cannot be identified as a human or bovine variety of the tubercle bacillus. These organisms differ in many respects from Mycobacterium tuberculosis, and increased efforts toward complete taxonomy and species identification are clearly indicated. It was concluded that the present level of knowledge in this field is substantially incomplete so as to preclude the References 1. Jenkins, D. E.: XV International Tuberculosis Conference in Istanbul, Sept. 14-19, 1959 , pp. 48-53. 2. Timpe, A., and Runyon, E. H.: Relationship of "Atypical" Acid-Fast Bacillus to Human Disease , J. Lab. Clin. Med. 44:202-209, 1954. 3. Runyon, E. H.: Anonymous Mycobacteria in Pulmonary Disease , Med. Clin. N. Amer. 43:273, 1959. 4. Cobbell, L.: An Acid-Fast Bacillus Obtained from a Pustular Eruption , Brit. Med. J. 2:158-159, 1918. 5. Cruz, J. DaC.: Mycobacterium Fortuitum: A New Acid-Fast Bacillus Pathogenic for Man , Acta Med. Rio de Janeiro 1:297-301, 1938. 6. MacCallum, P.; Tolhurst, J. C.; Buckle, G., and Sissons, H. A.: A New Mycobacterial Infection in Man , J. Path. Bac. 60: 93-122, 1948.Crossref 7. Moore, M., and Frerichs, J. B.: An Unusual Acid-Fast Infection of the Knee with Subcutaneous Abscess-Like Lesions of the Gluteal Region , J. Invest. Derm. 20:133-169, 1953. 8. Hellerstrom, S.: Collected Cases of Inoculation Lupus Vulgaris , Acta Dermatovener. Stockh. 31:194-211, 1951. 9. Cleveland, D. E. H.: Possible Tuberculosis Skin Infection from a Swimming Pool , Acta Dermatovener. 31:147-152, 1951. 10. Linell, F., and Norden, A.: Mycobacterium Balnei: New Acid-Fast Bacillus Occurring in Swimming Pools and Capable of Producing Skin Lesions in Humans , Acta Tuberc. Scandi. (Supp. 33) pp. 1-84, 1954. 11. Hall, W. H., and Manion, R. E.: Pulmonary Sarcoidosis with Ulcerating Cutaneous Nodules Caused by an Unusual Acid-Fast Bacillus , Transactions of the 15th Conference in Chemotherapy of TBC , 248-253, 1956. 12. Runyon, E. H.: Photochromogens Mycobacterial Pathogens , Transactions of the 16th Conference on Chemotherapy of TBC , 278, 1957. 13. Pillsbury, D. M.; Shelley, W. B., and Kligman, A. M.: Dermatology , Philadelphia, W. B. Saunders Co., 1957, pp. 538-540. 14. Fenner, F.: Pathogenic Behavior of Mycobacterium Ulcerans and Mycobacterium Balnei in the Mouse and Developing Chick Embryo , Amer. Rev. TBC 73:650, 1956. 15. Brock, J. M.; Kennedy, C. B.; Clark, W. H., Jr.: Cutaneous Infection with Atypical Mycobacterium: Report of a Case , Arch. Derm. 82: 918-920, 1960.Crossref http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Dermatology American Medical Association

Atypical Acid-Fast Organism Infection of the Skin

Loading next page...
 
/lp/american-medical-association/atypical-acid-fast-organism-infection-of-the-skin-cUZ9QAGsbM
Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1961 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-987X
eISSN
1538-3652
DOI
10.1001/archderm.1961.01580150032005
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract At the 15th International Tuberculosis Conference1 held in Istanbul in September, 1959, considerable emphasis was placed on the occurrence of numerous cases of atypical acid-fast bacillus infections. Their emergence as a world-wide problem of increasing prevalence was recognized. The term "atypical," a title which implies variation from the "typical," was employed as an expedient, and it was hoped that this term will eventually be replaced by specific organism identification. Actually, these organisms are not unusual or atypical variations of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, but they are acid-fast bacilli, isolated from human sources, of undetermined taxonomic position which cannot be identified as a human or bovine variety of the tubercle bacillus. These organisms differ in many respects from Mycobacterium tuberculosis, and increased efforts toward complete taxonomy and species identification are clearly indicated. It was concluded that the present level of knowledge in this field is substantially incomplete so as to preclude the References 1. Jenkins, D. E.: XV International Tuberculosis Conference in Istanbul, Sept. 14-19, 1959 , pp. 48-53. 2. Timpe, A., and Runyon, E. H.: Relationship of "Atypical" Acid-Fast Bacillus to Human Disease , J. Lab. Clin. Med. 44:202-209, 1954. 3. Runyon, E. H.: Anonymous Mycobacteria in Pulmonary Disease , Med. Clin. N. Amer. 43:273, 1959. 4. Cobbell, L.: An Acid-Fast Bacillus Obtained from a Pustular Eruption , Brit. Med. J. 2:158-159, 1918. 5. Cruz, J. DaC.: Mycobacterium Fortuitum: A New Acid-Fast Bacillus Pathogenic for Man , Acta Med. Rio de Janeiro 1:297-301, 1938. 6. MacCallum, P.; Tolhurst, J. C.; Buckle, G., and Sissons, H. A.: A New Mycobacterial Infection in Man , J. Path. Bac. 60: 93-122, 1948.Crossref 7. Moore, M., and Frerichs, J. B.: An Unusual Acid-Fast Infection of the Knee with Subcutaneous Abscess-Like Lesions of the Gluteal Region , J. Invest. Derm. 20:133-169, 1953. 8. Hellerstrom, S.: Collected Cases of Inoculation Lupus Vulgaris , Acta Dermatovener. Stockh. 31:194-211, 1951. 9. Cleveland, D. E. H.: Possible Tuberculosis Skin Infection from a Swimming Pool , Acta Dermatovener. 31:147-152, 1951. 10. Linell, F., and Norden, A.: Mycobacterium Balnei: New Acid-Fast Bacillus Occurring in Swimming Pools and Capable of Producing Skin Lesions in Humans , Acta Tuberc. Scandi. (Supp. 33) pp. 1-84, 1954. 11. Hall, W. H., and Manion, R. E.: Pulmonary Sarcoidosis with Ulcerating Cutaneous Nodules Caused by an Unusual Acid-Fast Bacillus , Transactions of the 15th Conference in Chemotherapy of TBC , 248-253, 1956. 12. Runyon, E. H.: Photochromogens Mycobacterial Pathogens , Transactions of the 16th Conference on Chemotherapy of TBC , 278, 1957. 13. Pillsbury, D. M.; Shelley, W. B., and Kligman, A. M.: Dermatology , Philadelphia, W. B. Saunders Co., 1957, pp. 538-540. 14. Fenner, F.: Pathogenic Behavior of Mycobacterium Ulcerans and Mycobacterium Balnei in the Mouse and Developing Chick Embryo , Amer. Rev. TBC 73:650, 1956. 15. Brock, J. M.; Kennedy, C. B.; Clark, W. H., Jr.: Cutaneous Infection with Atypical Mycobacterium: Report of a Case , Arch. Derm. 82: 918-920, 1960.Crossref

Journal

Archives of DermatologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Sep 1, 1961

References