Abstract Astrocytomas are among the rarest of the neoplasms which occur within the eye. Except those intraocular tumors which have occurred in association with neurofibromatosis or with tuberous sclerosis, and those optic nerve gliomas which have invaded the optic papilla, there are apparently only four reported cases1,3,10,12 in which previous reporters1,8,10 deemed documentation adequate. There are two additional case reports of intraocular gliomas unassociated with phakomatoses. One of these was considered as derived from Müller's cells13 and one was believed to be oligodendroglioma.8 Intraocular extension of primary optic nerve gliomas has been described by many observers.2,11,18,20,21 In most instances such tumors have infiltrated only into the optic nerve head but they may also involve the adjacent retina.21 The present report of astrocytoma of the optic nerve head was unassociated with neurofibromatosis or tuberous sclerosis. It is recorded in order to illustrate some of the special References 1. Boles, W.M.; Naugle, T.C.; and Samson, C.L.M.: Glioma of the Optic Nerve , Arch Ophthal 59:229-231, 1958.Crossref 2. Hogan, M. J., and Zimmerman, L. E. (eds.): Ophthalmic Pathology , ed 2, Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders Co., 1962, p 528. 3. Davis, F.A.: Primary Tumors of Optic Nerve (A Phenomenon of Recklinghausen's Disease) , Arch Ophthal 23:735-821; 957-1018, 1940.Crossref 4. Dejean, C.: Le vrai gliome de la rétine. Astrocytome de la rétine adulte , Arch Ophthal 51:257-276, 1934. 5. Gibson, J.L.: Intraocular Glioma of Optic Nerve of Each Eye , Brit J Ophthal 3:67, 1921.Crossref 6. Goldsmith, J.: Neurofibromatosis Associated With Tumors of the Optic Papilla. Report of Case , Arch Ophthal 41:718-729, 1949.Crossref 7. Hales, R.H.: Glioma of the Optic Disc , Arch Ophthal 70:648-650, 1963.Crossref 8. Hogan, M.J., and Zimmerman, L.E., (eds.): Ophthalmic Pathology , ed 2, Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders Co., 1962, p 525. 9. Huggert, A., and Hultquist, G.T.: True Glioma of the Retina , Ophthalmologica 113:13-202, 1947.Crossref 10. Lumsden, C.E.: " Tissue Culture in Relation to Tumors of the Nervous System ," in Russell, D. S., and Rubinstein, L. J. (eds.): Pathology of Tumors of the Central Nervous System , London: Edward Arnold Publishers, Ltd., 1963, p 327. 11. Marks, E.P.; Willis, R.A.; and Anderson, J.R.: Glioma of the Optic Disc , Trans Ophthal Soc Aust 1:46-54, 1939. 12. Martin, P., and Cushing, H.: Primary Gliomas of the Chiasm and Optic Nerves in Their Intracranial Portion , Arch Ophthal 52:209-241, 1923. 13. McLean, J.M.: Astrocytoma (True Glioma) of the Retina. Report of Case , Arch Ophthal 18:255-262, 1937.Crossref 14. Orton, R.H., and Willis, R.A.: A Rare Retinal Tumor Probably Derived From Müller's Fibers , J Path Bact 56:255-257, 1944.Crossref 15. Polyak, S.L.: The Retina , Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1941, pp 343-365. 16. Reese, A.B.: Tumors of the Eye , ed 2, New York: Hoeber Medical Division, Harper and Row, 1963, pp 162-179. 17. Russell, D.S., and Rubinstein, L.J.: Pathology of Tumors of the Central Nervous System , London: Edward Arnold Publishers, Ltd., 1963, p 30. 18. Svien, H.J., et al: Astrocytomas , Proc Mayo Clin 24:54-64, 1949. 19. Verhoeff, F.H.: Primary Intraneural Tumors (Gliomas) of the Optic Nerve , Trans Section on Ophthal., Amer. Med. Assoc. , 1921, pages 146-182. 20. Wagener, H.P.: Tumors of the Optic Papilla , Amer J Med Sci 230:213-225, 1955.Crossref 21. Wagner, F.: Beitrag zur Frage der premären Optikusgliome , Klin Mbl Augenheilk 103:606-615, 1939. 22. Wilson, J.M., and Farmer, W.D.: Glioma of the Optic Nerve. A Critical Review. Report of Two Cases, With Autopsy Observations in One , Arch Ophthal 23:605-618, 1940.Crossref
Archives of Ophthalmology – American Medical Association
Published: Sep 1, 1965
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