Key PointsQuestionIs the timing of tracheostomy placement in critically ill patients associated with the rate of ventilator-associated pneumonia and duration of mechanical ventilation? FindingsThis meta-analysis assessed findings from 17 randomized clinical trials with 3145 participants and found that early tracheotomy in adults undergoing ventilator support for critical illness was associated with improved clinical outcomes. MeaningThese findings suggest that tracheostomy placement no more than 7 days after ventilator support may lower the rates of ventilator-associated pneumonia and ventilator duration.
JAMA Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery – American Medical Association
Published: May 11, 2021