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Are Infant Stimulation Programs Useful?

Are Infant Stimulation Programs Useful? Abstract Infant stimulation programs, as defined by Denhoff,1 are "organized programs of enrichment designed to provide developmentally appropriate activities to babies and toddlers who have, or who are at risk for a variety of conditions (environmentally or biologically caused) that might interfere with their ability to ultimately have a full and productive life." The origins of infant stimulation programs for the environmentally deprived child can be traced to two types of observations: supporting the concept that intelligence is malleable. (1) The first intelligence test was established by Binet in the early 1900s. The examination was developed to demonstrate that intelligence was not a genetically fixed quantity but an ability that could be altered positively through a formal education program. In 1964, Project Head Start was launched and successfully has improved reading and mathematic skills for the participating children, at least through the fourth grade.2 (2) Animal studies have References 1. Denhoff E: Current status of infant stimulation or enrichment programs for children with developmental disabilities . Pediatrics 1981;67:32-37. 2. Brooks-Gunn J, Hearn RP: Early intervention and developmental dysfunction: Implications for pediatrics . Adv Pediatr 1982;29:497-527. 3. Weiss H, Betts HB: Methods of rehabilitation in children with neuromuscular disorders . Pediatr Clin North Am 1967;14:1009-1016. 4. Fay T: The use of pathological unlocking reflexes in the rehabilitation of spastics . Am J Phys Med 1954;33:347-352. 5. Sparrow S, Zigler E: Evaluation of a patterning treatment for retarded children . Pediatrics 1978;62:137-150. 6. American Academy of Pediatrics: Policy Statement: The Doman-Delacato treatment of neurologically handicapped children . Pediatrics 1982;70:810-812. 7. Bobaths B: The very early treatment of cerebral palsy . Dev Med Child Neurol 1967;9:373-390.Crossref 8. Simeonsson RJ, Cooper DH, Scheiner AP: A review and analysis of the effectiveness of early intervention programs . Pediatrics 1982;69:635-641. 9. Piper MC, Pless IB: Early intervention for infants with Down syndrome: A controlled trial . Pediatrics 1980;65:463-468. 10. Breslaw N, Staruch KS, Mortimer EA: Psychological distress in mothers of disabled children . AJDC 1982;136:682-686. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Neurology American Medical Association

Are Infant Stimulation Programs Useful?

Archives of Neurology , Volume 43 (3) – Mar 1, 1986

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1986 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-9942
eISSN
1538-3687
DOI
10.1001/archneur.1986.00520030068018
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract Infant stimulation programs, as defined by Denhoff,1 are "organized programs of enrichment designed to provide developmentally appropriate activities to babies and toddlers who have, or who are at risk for a variety of conditions (environmentally or biologically caused) that might interfere with their ability to ultimately have a full and productive life." The origins of infant stimulation programs for the environmentally deprived child can be traced to two types of observations: supporting the concept that intelligence is malleable. (1) The first intelligence test was established by Binet in the early 1900s. The examination was developed to demonstrate that intelligence was not a genetically fixed quantity but an ability that could be altered positively through a formal education program. In 1964, Project Head Start was launched and successfully has improved reading and mathematic skills for the participating children, at least through the fourth grade.2 (2) Animal studies have References 1. Denhoff E: Current status of infant stimulation or enrichment programs for children with developmental disabilities . Pediatrics 1981;67:32-37. 2. Brooks-Gunn J, Hearn RP: Early intervention and developmental dysfunction: Implications for pediatrics . Adv Pediatr 1982;29:497-527. 3. Weiss H, Betts HB: Methods of rehabilitation in children with neuromuscular disorders . Pediatr Clin North Am 1967;14:1009-1016. 4. Fay T: The use of pathological unlocking reflexes in the rehabilitation of spastics . Am J Phys Med 1954;33:347-352. 5. Sparrow S, Zigler E: Evaluation of a patterning treatment for retarded children . Pediatrics 1978;62:137-150. 6. American Academy of Pediatrics: Policy Statement: The Doman-Delacato treatment of neurologically handicapped children . Pediatrics 1982;70:810-812. 7. Bobaths B: The very early treatment of cerebral palsy . Dev Med Child Neurol 1967;9:373-390.Crossref 8. Simeonsson RJ, Cooper DH, Scheiner AP: A review and analysis of the effectiveness of early intervention programs . Pediatrics 1982;69:635-641. 9. Piper MC, Pless IB: Early intervention for infants with Down syndrome: A controlled trial . Pediatrics 1980;65:463-468. 10. Breslaw N, Staruch KS, Mortimer EA: Psychological distress in mothers of disabled children . AJDC 1982;136:682-686.

Journal

Archives of NeurologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Mar 1, 1986

References