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Antibiotic Resistance of Fecal Escherichia coli: A Comparison of Samples From Children of Low and High Socioeconomic Groups

Antibiotic Resistance of Fecal Escherichia coli: A Comparison of Samples From Children of Low and... Abstract A study of the incidence of antibiotic resistant fecal Escherichia coli in children from an urban ghetto and a private practice indicated that a higher proportion of resistant E coli (65%) was obtained from the ghetto population compared to 51% of private patients. Ampicillin resistance was most common in both populations but significantly greater in the ghetto (51% vs 31%). Transmissible resistance factors were demonstrated in 73% of the resistant strains from ghetto children and 25% from children of upper socioeconomic background. References 1. Smith HW, Halls S: Observations on infective drug resistance in Britain . Br Med J 1:266-269, 1966.Crossref 2. Moorhouse EC: Transferable resistance in enterobacteria isolated from urban infants . Br Med J 1:405-407, 1969.Crossref 3. Shooter RA, et al: Animal sources of common serotypes of Escherichia coli in the food of [ill]ospital patients . Lancet 2:226-228, 1970.Crossref 4. Linton KB, et al: Antibiotic resistance and transmissible R-factors in the intestinal coliform flora of healthy adults and children in an urban and a rural community . J Hyg 70:99-104, 1972.Crossref 5. Marx MB: The effect of interspecies contact upon diarrhea, morbidity and salmonellosis in children . J Infect Dis 120:202, 1969.Crossref 6. Neu HC, et al: Antibiotic resistance of Salmonella in Northeastern United States 1968-1969 . NY State J Med 71:1196-1200, 1971. 7. Edwards PR, Ewing WH: Identification of Enterobacteriaceae . Minneapolis, Burgess Publishing Co, 1962. 8. Datta N: Drug resistance and R-factors in the bowel bacteria of London patients before and after admission to hospital . Br Med J 1:407-411, 1969.Crossref 9. Guinee P, Ugueto N, VanLeeuwen N: Escherichia coli with resistance factors in vegetarians, babies and non-vegetarians . Appl Microbiol 20:531- 535, 1970. 10. Dailey KM, Sturtevant AB, Feary TW: Incidence of antibiotic resistance and R-factors among gram-negative bacteria isolated from the neonatal intestine . J Pediatr 80:198-203, 1972.Crossref 11. Datta N, et al: R-factors in Escherichia coli in feces after oral chemotherapy in general practice . Lancet 1:312-315, 1971.Crossref 12. Neu HC: Effect of B-lactamase location in Escherichia coli on penicillin synergy . Appl Microbiol 17:783-787, 1969. 13. Jones AM: Escherichia coli in retail samples of milk and their resistance to antibiotics . Lancet 2:347-349, 1971.Crossref 14. Huber WG, et al: Antibiotic sensitivity patterns and R-factors in domestic and wild animals . Arch Environ Health 22:561-567, 1971.Crossref 15. Gardner P, et al: Recovery of resistance (R) factors from a drug-free community . Lancet 2:774-776, 1969.Crossref 16. Davis CE, Anandan J: The evolution of R-factor . N Engl J Med 282:117-122, 1970.Crossref 17. Smith HW: Transfer of antibiotic resistance from animal and human strains of Escherichia coli to resident E. coli in the alimentary tract of man . Lancet 1:1174-1176, 1969.Crossref http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png American Journal of Diseases of Children American Medical Association

Antibiotic Resistance of Fecal Escherichia coli: A Comparison of Samples From Children of Low and High Socioeconomic Groups

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1973 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0002-922X
DOI
10.1001/archpedi.1973.02110190152008
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract A study of the incidence of antibiotic resistant fecal Escherichia coli in children from an urban ghetto and a private practice indicated that a higher proportion of resistant E coli (65%) was obtained from the ghetto population compared to 51% of private patients. Ampicillin resistance was most common in both populations but significantly greater in the ghetto (51% vs 31%). Transmissible resistance factors were demonstrated in 73% of the resistant strains from ghetto children and 25% from children of upper socioeconomic background. References 1. Smith HW, Halls S: Observations on infective drug resistance in Britain . Br Med J 1:266-269, 1966.Crossref 2. Moorhouse EC: Transferable resistance in enterobacteria isolated from urban infants . Br Med J 1:405-407, 1969.Crossref 3. Shooter RA, et al: Animal sources of common serotypes of Escherichia coli in the food of [ill]ospital patients . Lancet 2:226-228, 1970.Crossref 4. Linton KB, et al: Antibiotic resistance and transmissible R-factors in the intestinal coliform flora of healthy adults and children in an urban and a rural community . J Hyg 70:99-104, 1972.Crossref 5. Marx MB: The effect of interspecies contact upon diarrhea, morbidity and salmonellosis in children . J Infect Dis 120:202, 1969.Crossref 6. Neu HC, et al: Antibiotic resistance of Salmonella in Northeastern United States 1968-1969 . NY State J Med 71:1196-1200, 1971. 7. Edwards PR, Ewing WH: Identification of Enterobacteriaceae . Minneapolis, Burgess Publishing Co, 1962. 8. Datta N: Drug resistance and R-factors in the bowel bacteria of London patients before and after admission to hospital . Br Med J 1:407-411, 1969.Crossref 9. Guinee P, Ugueto N, VanLeeuwen N: Escherichia coli with resistance factors in vegetarians, babies and non-vegetarians . Appl Microbiol 20:531- 535, 1970. 10. Dailey KM, Sturtevant AB, Feary TW: Incidence of antibiotic resistance and R-factors among gram-negative bacteria isolated from the neonatal intestine . J Pediatr 80:198-203, 1972.Crossref 11. Datta N, et al: R-factors in Escherichia coli in feces after oral chemotherapy in general practice . Lancet 1:312-315, 1971.Crossref 12. Neu HC: Effect of B-lactamase location in Escherichia coli on penicillin synergy . Appl Microbiol 17:783-787, 1969. 13. Jones AM: Escherichia coli in retail samples of milk and their resistance to antibiotics . Lancet 2:347-349, 1971.Crossref 14. Huber WG, et al: Antibiotic sensitivity patterns and R-factors in domestic and wild animals . Arch Environ Health 22:561-567, 1971.Crossref 15. Gardner P, et al: Recovery of resistance (R) factors from a drug-free community . Lancet 2:774-776, 1969.Crossref 16. Davis CE, Anandan J: The evolution of R-factor . N Engl J Med 282:117-122, 1970.Crossref 17. Smith HW: Transfer of antibiotic resistance from animal and human strains of Escherichia coli to resident E. coli in the alimentary tract of man . Lancet 1:1174-1176, 1969.Crossref

Journal

American Journal of Diseases of ChildrenAmerican Medical Association

Published: Aug 1, 1973

References