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Anatomical Bias of the Limbic System Concept: A Proposed Reorientation

Anatomical Bias of the Limbic System Concept: A Proposed Reorientation Abstract THE HISTORICAL development of the limbic system concept has given major emphasis to the limbic structures of the medial wall of the cerebral hemisphere. This persisting medial orientation fails to give appropriate recognition to important limbic system components which are oriented in the basolateral plane. Such a conceptual imbalance can be corrected without altering current limbic system nomenclature. In 1878, Broca1 designated as "le grand lobe limbique," a group of anatomically prominent structures on the medial wall of the cerebral hemisphere, including the cingulate, retrosplenial, and hippocampal gyri. These gyri, traditionally regarded as part of the olfactory apparatus, form a "limbus" (rim or margin) surrounding the site of lateral evagination of the embryonic neural canal from which the hemispheres develop. During the following 60 years, there was increasing evidence to suggest that the structures of Broca's limbic lobe are not exclusively olfactory. Prior to 1901 on the References 1. Broca P: Anatomie comparee des enconvolutions cerebrales: Le grand lobe limbique et la scissure limbique dans la serie des mammiferes . Rev Anthrop 1:385-498, 1878. 2. Ramon y Cajal S: Studies on the Cerebral Cortex (Limbic Structures) . LM Kraft (trans), London, Lloyd-Luke Ltd, 1955. 3. Herrick JC: The functions of the olfactory parts of the cerebral cortex . Proc Nat Acad Sci USA 18:7-14,1933.Crossref 4. Allen WF: Effect of ablating the pyriform, amygdaloid areas, and hippocampi on positive and negative olfactory conditioned reflexes and on conditioned olfactory differentiation . Amer J Physiol 132:81-92, 1941. 5. Papez JW: A proposed mechanism of emotion . Arch Neurol Psychiat 38:725-734, 1937.Crossref 6. MacLean PD: Psychosomatic disease and the "visceral brain": Recent developments bearing on the Papez theory of emotion . Psychosom Med 11:338-353,1949.Crossref 7. LeGros Clark WE, Meyer M: Anatomical relationships between the cerebral cortex and hypothalamus . Brit Med Bull 6:341-345, 1950. 8. MacLean PD: Some psychiatric implications of physiological studies on the frontotemporal portion of the limbic system (visceral brain) . Electroenceph Clin Neurophysiol 4:407-418, 1952.Crossref 9. Yakovlev PI: Motility, behavior, and the brain: Stereodynamic organization and neural coordinates of behavior . J Nerv Ment Dis 107:313-335, 1948.Crossref 10. Nauta WJH: Hippocampal projections and related neural pathways to the midbrain in the cat . Brain 81:319-340, 1958.Crossref 11. Penfield W: The interpretive cortex . Science 129:1719-1725, 1959.Crossref 12. Mullan S, Penfield W: Illusions of comparative interpretation and emotion: Production by epileptic discharge and by electrical stimulation in the temporal cortex . Arch Neurol Psychiat 81:269-284, 1959.Crossref 13. MacLean PD: The internal-external bonds of the memory process . J Nerv Ment Dis 149:40-47, 1969.Crossref 14. Kubie LS: Some implications for psychoanalysis of modern concepts of organization of the brain . Psychoanal Quart 22:21-68, 1953. 15. Nauta WJH: Some neural pathways related to the limbic system , in Ramey ER, O,Doherty DS (eds): Electrical Studies of the Unanesthetized Brain . New York, Paul B Hoeber Inc, 1960. 16. Hockman C, Telesnik J, Livingston KE: Central nervous system modulation of baroreceptor reflexes . Amer J Physiol 217:1681-1689, 1969. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Neurology American Medical Association

Anatomical Bias of the Limbic System Concept: A Proposed Reorientation

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1971 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-9942
eISSN
1538-3687
DOI
10.1001/archneur.1971.00480310045003
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract THE HISTORICAL development of the limbic system concept has given major emphasis to the limbic structures of the medial wall of the cerebral hemisphere. This persisting medial orientation fails to give appropriate recognition to important limbic system components which are oriented in the basolateral plane. Such a conceptual imbalance can be corrected without altering current limbic system nomenclature. In 1878, Broca1 designated as "le grand lobe limbique," a group of anatomically prominent structures on the medial wall of the cerebral hemisphere, including the cingulate, retrosplenial, and hippocampal gyri. These gyri, traditionally regarded as part of the olfactory apparatus, form a "limbus" (rim or margin) surrounding the site of lateral evagination of the embryonic neural canal from which the hemispheres develop. During the following 60 years, there was increasing evidence to suggest that the structures of Broca's limbic lobe are not exclusively olfactory. Prior to 1901 on the References 1. Broca P: Anatomie comparee des enconvolutions cerebrales: Le grand lobe limbique et la scissure limbique dans la serie des mammiferes . Rev Anthrop 1:385-498, 1878. 2. Ramon y Cajal S: Studies on the Cerebral Cortex (Limbic Structures) . LM Kraft (trans), London, Lloyd-Luke Ltd, 1955. 3. Herrick JC: The functions of the olfactory parts of the cerebral cortex . Proc Nat Acad Sci USA 18:7-14,1933.Crossref 4. Allen WF: Effect of ablating the pyriform, amygdaloid areas, and hippocampi on positive and negative olfactory conditioned reflexes and on conditioned olfactory differentiation . Amer J Physiol 132:81-92, 1941. 5. Papez JW: A proposed mechanism of emotion . Arch Neurol Psychiat 38:725-734, 1937.Crossref 6. MacLean PD: Psychosomatic disease and the "visceral brain": Recent developments bearing on the Papez theory of emotion . Psychosom Med 11:338-353,1949.Crossref 7. LeGros Clark WE, Meyer M: Anatomical relationships between the cerebral cortex and hypothalamus . Brit Med Bull 6:341-345, 1950. 8. MacLean PD: Some psychiatric implications of physiological studies on the frontotemporal portion of the limbic system (visceral brain) . Electroenceph Clin Neurophysiol 4:407-418, 1952.Crossref 9. Yakovlev PI: Motility, behavior, and the brain: Stereodynamic organization and neural coordinates of behavior . J Nerv Ment Dis 107:313-335, 1948.Crossref 10. Nauta WJH: Hippocampal projections and related neural pathways to the midbrain in the cat . Brain 81:319-340, 1958.Crossref 11. Penfield W: The interpretive cortex . Science 129:1719-1725, 1959.Crossref 12. Mullan S, Penfield W: Illusions of comparative interpretation and emotion: Production by epileptic discharge and by electrical stimulation in the temporal cortex . Arch Neurol Psychiat 81:269-284, 1959.Crossref 13. MacLean PD: The internal-external bonds of the memory process . J Nerv Ment Dis 149:40-47, 1969.Crossref 14. Kubie LS: Some implications for psychoanalysis of modern concepts of organization of the brain . Psychoanal Quart 22:21-68, 1953. 15. Nauta WJH: Some neural pathways related to the limbic system , in Ramey ER, O,Doherty DS (eds): Electrical Studies of the Unanesthetized Brain . New York, Paul B Hoeber Inc, 1960. 16. Hockman C, Telesnik J, Livingston KE: Central nervous system modulation of baroreceptor reflexes . Amer J Physiol 217:1681-1689, 1969.

Journal

Archives of NeurologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Jan 1, 1971

References

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