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ANATOMIC RELATIONS OF CEREBRAL VESSELS AND PERIVASCULAR NERVES

ANATOMIC RELATIONS OF CEREBRAL VESSELS AND PERIVASCULAR NERVES Abstract Previous work on pial and intracerebral blood vessels has demonstrated occasional perivascular nerves. By use of a new technic,1 it has been possible to demonstrate them in far greater numbers than was hitherto suspected and to give a more complete account of their morphologic character. It has been possible to determine the relation of the number of perivascular nerve fibers to the size of vessels throughout the cerebral cortex. It has also been possible to show that the walls of cerebral blood vessels are not lacking in muscular elements, as has been stated. Historically, the first mention of perivascular nerves to peripheral vessels was made on gross observation by Willis (1664).2 Descriptions of such structures on pial vessels were not given until Purkinje3 (1845) described in detail perivascular nerves accompanying the arteries in the pia of the spinal cord, cerebellum, pons and cerebrum. He noted that over References 1. Humphreys, S. P.: A Method for the Demonstration of Perivascular Nerves on Intracerebral Blood Vessels, Am. J. Path. 15:151, 1939. 2. Willis, T.: Cerebri anatome: Cui accessit nervorum descriptio et usus , Londoni, J. Flesher, 1664. 3. Purkinje, J.: Arch. f. Anat., Physiol. u. wissensch. Med. , 1845, p. 281. 4. Gullard, G. L.: (a) Rep. Lab. Roy. Coll. Physicians 6:55, 1897; (b) Brit. M. J. 2:780, 1898. 5. Obersteiner, O.: Arb. a. d. Inst. f. Anat. u. Physiol. d. Centralnervensyst. u. Wien. Univ. 5:215, 1897. 6. Morrison, A.: Edinburgh M. J. 4:413, 1898. 7. Huber, C. G.: J. Comp. Neurol. 9:1, 1899.Crossref 8. Hunter, J.: J. Physiol. 26:465, 1900. 9. Robertson, W. F.: Scot. M. & S. J. 4:23, 1899. 10. Benedict: Virchows Arch. f. path. Anat. 57:395, 1873. 11. Rohnstein, R.: Arch. f. mikr. Anat. 55:55, 1900. 12. Bielowssen: Material zur Anatomie der Gefässnerven der Menschen , Dissert., Kharkov, 1888. 13. Stöhr, P., Jr.: (a) Ztschr. f. d. ges. Anat. (Abt. 1) 63:562, 1922 14. Mikroskopische Anatomie des vegetativen Nervensystems , Berlin, Julius Springer, 1928 15. Penfield, W.: Cytology and Cellular Pathology of the Nervous System , New York, Paul B. Hoeber, Inc., 1932, vol. 1, p. 381. 16. Hassin, G.: A. Research Nerv. & Ment. Dis., Proc. 9:437, 1928. 17. Clark, S. J.: J. Comp. Neurol. (a) 47:1, 1928 18. 48:247, 1929 19. 53: 129, 1931 20. 60:21, 1934. 21. Dowgjallo, N. D.: Ztschr. f. Anat. u. Entwcklngsgesch. 97:9, 1932. 22. Grigorgian, I.: Ztschr. f. mikr.-anat. Forsch. 28:418, 1932. 23. Chorobski, J., and Penfield, W.: Cerebral Vasodilator Nerves and Their Pathway from the Medulla Oblongata, with Observations on the Pial and Intracerebral Vascular Plexus , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 28:1257 ( (Dec.) ) 1932. 24. Kurusu, M., and Hamada, I., abstracted, Zentralbl. f. d. ges. Neurol. u. Psychiat. 59:921, 1929. 25. Penfield, W.: Intracerebral Vascular Nerves , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 27:30 ( (Jan.) ) 1932. 26. von Kölliker, R. A.: Handbuch der Gewebelehre des Menschens , ed. 6, Leipzig, Wilhelm Engelmann, 1893, vol. 2, p. 835. 27. Penfield, W.: Am. J. Path. 11:1007, 1935. 28. Bodian, D.: Anat. Rec. 69:153, 1937. 29. Jones, I.: Am. J. Anat. 58:227, 1936. 30. Baker, A. B.: Am. J. Path. 13:453, 1937. 31. Maximow, A. A., and Bloom, W.: Text Book of Histology , ed. 2, Philadelphia, W. B. Saunders Company, 1934. 32. Boeke, J.: (a) J. Comp. Neurol. 51:299, 1930Crossref 33. 56:27, 1932 34. Penfield, W.: Cytology and Cellular Pathology of the Central Nervous System , New York, Paul B. Hoeber, Inc., 1932, vol. 1, p. 241. 35. The words "anatomic" and "physiologic" are used in order to conform to the terminology adopted by the Archives of Neurology and Psychiatry. The author would prefer to use the terms "anatomical" and "physiological." 36. Williams, D. J.: (a) The Innervation of the Cerebral Circulation in Man: An Histological Study , Thesis, University of Manchester, 1935 37. Brain 59: 175, 1936.Crossref 38. Orr, D., and Sturrock, A. C.: Lancet 2:267, 1922.Crossref 39. Talbott, J. H.; Wolff, H. G., and Cobb, S.: Cerebral Circulation: Changes in the Cerebral Capillary Bed Following Cervical Sympathectomy , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 21:1102 ( (May) ) 1929. 40. Cobb, S., and Finesinger, J. E.: Cerebral Circulation: Vagal Pathway of Vasodilator Impulses , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 28:1243 ( (Dec.) ) 1932. 41. Forbes, H. S.; Finley, K. H., and Nason, G. I.: Cerebral Circulation: Action of Epinephrine on Pial Vessels; Action of Pituitary and Pitressin on Pial Vessels; Vasomotor Response in the Pia and in the Skin , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 30:957 ( (Nov.) ) 1933. 42. Forbes, H. S., and Wolff, H. G.: Cerebral Circulation: Vasomotor Control of the Cerebral Vessels , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 19:1057 ( (June) ) 1928. 43. Tinel, J., and Ungar, G.: Presse méd. 44:169, 1936. 44. Tinel, J.: Rev. neurol. 65:1255, 1936. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Neurology & Psychiatry American Medical Association

ANATOMIC RELATIONS OF CEREBRAL VESSELS AND PERIVASCULAR NERVES

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1939 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0096-6754
DOI
10.1001/archneurpsyc.1939.02270180135012
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Abstract

Abstract Previous work on pial and intracerebral blood vessels has demonstrated occasional perivascular nerves. By use of a new technic,1 it has been possible to demonstrate them in far greater numbers than was hitherto suspected and to give a more complete account of their morphologic character. It has been possible to determine the relation of the number of perivascular nerve fibers to the size of vessels throughout the cerebral cortex. It has also been possible to show that the walls of cerebral blood vessels are not lacking in muscular elements, as has been stated. Historically, the first mention of perivascular nerves to peripheral vessels was made on gross observation by Willis (1664).2 Descriptions of such structures on pial vessels were not given until Purkinje3 (1845) described in detail perivascular nerves accompanying the arteries in the pia of the spinal cord, cerebellum, pons and cerebrum. He noted that over References 1. Humphreys, S. P.: A Method for the Demonstration of Perivascular Nerves on Intracerebral Blood Vessels, Am. J. Path. 15:151, 1939. 2. Willis, T.: Cerebri anatome: Cui accessit nervorum descriptio et usus , Londoni, J. Flesher, 1664. 3. Purkinje, J.: Arch. f. Anat., Physiol. u. wissensch. Med. , 1845, p. 281. 4. Gullard, G. L.: (a) Rep. Lab. Roy. Coll. Physicians 6:55, 1897; (b) Brit. M. J. 2:780, 1898. 5. Obersteiner, O.: Arb. a. d. Inst. f. Anat. u. Physiol. d. Centralnervensyst. u. Wien. Univ. 5:215, 1897. 6. Morrison, A.: Edinburgh M. J. 4:413, 1898. 7. Huber, C. G.: J. Comp. Neurol. 9:1, 1899.Crossref 8. Hunter, J.: J. Physiol. 26:465, 1900. 9. Robertson, W. F.: Scot. M. & S. J. 4:23, 1899. 10. Benedict: Virchows Arch. f. path. Anat. 57:395, 1873. 11. Rohnstein, R.: Arch. f. mikr. Anat. 55:55, 1900. 12. Bielowssen: Material zur Anatomie der Gefässnerven der Menschen , Dissert., Kharkov, 1888. 13. Stöhr, P., Jr.: (a) Ztschr. f. d. ges. Anat. (Abt. 1) 63:562, 1922 14. Mikroskopische Anatomie des vegetativen Nervensystems , Berlin, Julius Springer, 1928 15. Penfield, W.: Cytology and Cellular Pathology of the Nervous System , New York, Paul B. Hoeber, Inc., 1932, vol. 1, p. 381. 16. Hassin, G.: A. Research Nerv. & Ment. Dis., Proc. 9:437, 1928. 17. Clark, S. J.: J. Comp. Neurol. (a) 47:1, 1928 18. 48:247, 1929 19. 53: 129, 1931 20. 60:21, 1934. 21. Dowgjallo, N. D.: Ztschr. f. Anat. u. Entwcklngsgesch. 97:9, 1932. 22. Grigorgian, I.: Ztschr. f. mikr.-anat. Forsch. 28:418, 1932. 23. Chorobski, J., and Penfield, W.: Cerebral Vasodilator Nerves and Their Pathway from the Medulla Oblongata, with Observations on the Pial and Intracerebral Vascular Plexus , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 28:1257 ( (Dec.) ) 1932. 24. Kurusu, M., and Hamada, I., abstracted, Zentralbl. f. d. ges. Neurol. u. Psychiat. 59:921, 1929. 25. Penfield, W.: Intracerebral Vascular Nerves , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 27:30 ( (Jan.) ) 1932. 26. von Kölliker, R. A.: Handbuch der Gewebelehre des Menschens , ed. 6, Leipzig, Wilhelm Engelmann, 1893, vol. 2, p. 835. 27. Penfield, W.: Am. J. Path. 11:1007, 1935. 28. Bodian, D.: Anat. Rec. 69:153, 1937. 29. Jones, I.: Am. J. Anat. 58:227, 1936. 30. Baker, A. B.: Am. J. Path. 13:453, 1937. 31. Maximow, A. A., and Bloom, W.: Text Book of Histology , ed. 2, Philadelphia, W. B. Saunders Company, 1934. 32. Boeke, J.: (a) J. Comp. Neurol. 51:299, 1930Crossref 33. 56:27, 1932 34. Penfield, W.: Cytology and Cellular Pathology of the Central Nervous System , New York, Paul B. Hoeber, Inc., 1932, vol. 1, p. 241. 35. The words "anatomic" and "physiologic" are used in order to conform to the terminology adopted by the Archives of Neurology and Psychiatry. The author would prefer to use the terms "anatomical" and "physiological." 36. Williams, D. J.: (a) The Innervation of the Cerebral Circulation in Man: An Histological Study , Thesis, University of Manchester, 1935 37. Brain 59: 175, 1936.Crossref 38. Orr, D., and Sturrock, A. C.: Lancet 2:267, 1922.Crossref 39. Talbott, J. H.; Wolff, H. G., and Cobb, S.: Cerebral Circulation: Changes in the Cerebral Capillary Bed Following Cervical Sympathectomy , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 21:1102 ( (May) ) 1929. 40. Cobb, S., and Finesinger, J. E.: Cerebral Circulation: Vagal Pathway of Vasodilator Impulses , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 28:1243 ( (Dec.) ) 1932. 41. Forbes, H. S.; Finley, K. H., and Nason, G. I.: Cerebral Circulation: Action of Epinephrine on Pial Vessels; Action of Pituitary and Pitressin on Pial Vessels; Vasomotor Response in the Pia and in the Skin , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 30:957 ( (Nov.) ) 1933. 42. Forbes, H. S., and Wolff, H. G.: Cerebral Circulation: Vasomotor Control of the Cerebral Vessels , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 19:1057 ( (June) ) 1928. 43. Tinel, J., and Ungar, G.: Presse méd. 44:169, 1936. 44. Tinel, J.: Rev. neurol. 65:1255, 1936.

Journal

Archives of Neurology & PsychiatryAmerican Medical Association

Published: Jun 1, 1939

References