Get 20M+ Full-Text Papers For Less Than $1.50/day. Start a 14-Day Trial for You or Your Team.

Learn More →

ALTERATIONS IN RESPONSE TO VISUAL STIMULI FOLLOWING LESIONS OF FRONTAL LOBE IN MONKEYS

ALTERATIONS IN RESPONSE TO VISUAL STIMULI FOLLOWING LESIONS OF FRONTAL LOBE IN MONKEYS Abstract The regions of the frontal lobe which lie rostral to the excitable motor areas are generally associated with the so-called higher integrative processes of the cerebral cortex. In man structural alteration in these regions results in changes such as loss of immediate memory and alterations in personality and behavior. In the monkey extirpation of these areas (fields 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12 of Brodmann;1 fig. 1) is followed by similar behavioral changes, without motor paresis. Thus, Ferrier2a (pages 231-232) noted that such animals instead of, as before, being actively interested in their surroundings, and curiously prying into all that came within the field of their observation, remained apathetic, or dull, or dozed off to sleep, responding only to the sensations or impressions of the moment, or varying their listlessness with restless and purposeless wanderings to and fro. While not actually deprived of intelligence, they had lost, to References 1. Brodmann, K.: Vergleichende Lokalisationslehre der Grosshirnrinde in ihren Prinzipien dargestellt auf Grund des Zellenbaues , Leipzig, J. A. Barth, 1909; reprinted, 1925. 2. Ferrier, D.: (a) The Functions of the Brain , London, Smith, Elder & Co., 1876 3. Experiments on the Brains of Monkeys , Proc. Roy. Soc., London 23: 409, 1875. 4. Hitzig, E.: Physiologische und klinische Untersuchungen über das Gehirn: Alte und neue Untersuchungen über das Gehirn , Berlin, A. Hirschwald, 1904, pt. 2. 5. Goltz, F.: Ueber die Verrichtungen des Grosshirns , Arch. f. d. ges. Physiol. 34:450, 1884.Crossref 6. Bianchi, L.: The Mechanism of the Brain and the Function of the Frontal Lobe , translated by J. H. MacDonald, New York, William Wood & Company, 1922. 7. Minkowski, M.: Zur Physiologie der Sehsphäre , Arch. f. d. ges. Physiol. 141:171, 1911.Crossref 8. Bianchi, L.: The Functions of the Frontal Lobes , Brain 18:497, 1895.Crossref 9. Fulton, J. F., and Keller, A. D.: The Sign of Babinski: A Study of the Evolution of Cortical Dominance in Primates , Springfield, Ill., Charles C. Thomas, Publisher, 1932. 10. Kennard, M. A., and Ectors, L.: Forced Circling in Monkeys Following Lesions of the Frontal Lobes , J. Neurophysiol. 1:45 ( (Jan.) ) 1938. 11. Leyton, A. S. F., and Sherrington, C. S.: Observations on the Excitable Cortex of the Chimpanzee, Orang-Utan and Gorilla , Quart. J. Exper. Physiol. 11:135 ( (July) ) 1917. 12. Levinsohn, G.: Ueber die Beziehung der Grosshirnrinde beim Affen zu den Bewegungen des Augens , Arch. f. Ophth. 71:313, 1909. 13. Bianchi (footnotes 5 and 7). 14. Hitzig, E.: Untersuchungen über das Gehirn , Berlin, A. Hirschwald, 1874; footnote 3. 15. Bard, L.: De l'origine sensorielle de la déviation conjugée des yeux avec rotation de la tête chez les hemiplégiques , Semaine méd. 24:9, 1904. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Neurology & Psychiatry American Medical Association

ALTERATIONS IN RESPONSE TO VISUAL STIMULI FOLLOWING LESIONS OF FRONTAL LOBE IN MONKEYS

Loading next page...
 
/lp/american-medical-association/alterations-in-response-to-visual-stimuli-following-lesions-of-frontal-1BFeuSe7zY
Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1939 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0096-6754
DOI
10.1001/archneurpsyc.1939.02270180081008
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract The regions of the frontal lobe which lie rostral to the excitable motor areas are generally associated with the so-called higher integrative processes of the cerebral cortex. In man structural alteration in these regions results in changes such as loss of immediate memory and alterations in personality and behavior. In the monkey extirpation of these areas (fields 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12 of Brodmann;1 fig. 1) is followed by similar behavioral changes, without motor paresis. Thus, Ferrier2a (pages 231-232) noted that such animals instead of, as before, being actively interested in their surroundings, and curiously prying into all that came within the field of their observation, remained apathetic, or dull, or dozed off to sleep, responding only to the sensations or impressions of the moment, or varying their listlessness with restless and purposeless wanderings to and fro. While not actually deprived of intelligence, they had lost, to References 1. Brodmann, K.: Vergleichende Lokalisationslehre der Grosshirnrinde in ihren Prinzipien dargestellt auf Grund des Zellenbaues , Leipzig, J. A. Barth, 1909; reprinted, 1925. 2. Ferrier, D.: (a) The Functions of the Brain , London, Smith, Elder & Co., 1876 3. Experiments on the Brains of Monkeys , Proc. Roy. Soc., London 23: 409, 1875. 4. Hitzig, E.: Physiologische und klinische Untersuchungen über das Gehirn: Alte und neue Untersuchungen über das Gehirn , Berlin, A. Hirschwald, 1904, pt. 2. 5. Goltz, F.: Ueber die Verrichtungen des Grosshirns , Arch. f. d. ges. Physiol. 34:450, 1884.Crossref 6. Bianchi, L.: The Mechanism of the Brain and the Function of the Frontal Lobe , translated by J. H. MacDonald, New York, William Wood & Company, 1922. 7. Minkowski, M.: Zur Physiologie der Sehsphäre , Arch. f. d. ges. Physiol. 141:171, 1911.Crossref 8. Bianchi, L.: The Functions of the Frontal Lobes , Brain 18:497, 1895.Crossref 9. Fulton, J. F., and Keller, A. D.: The Sign of Babinski: A Study of the Evolution of Cortical Dominance in Primates , Springfield, Ill., Charles C. Thomas, Publisher, 1932. 10. Kennard, M. A., and Ectors, L.: Forced Circling in Monkeys Following Lesions of the Frontal Lobes , J. Neurophysiol. 1:45 ( (Jan.) ) 1938. 11. Leyton, A. S. F., and Sherrington, C. S.: Observations on the Excitable Cortex of the Chimpanzee, Orang-Utan and Gorilla , Quart. J. Exper. Physiol. 11:135 ( (July) ) 1917. 12. Levinsohn, G.: Ueber die Beziehung der Grosshirnrinde beim Affen zu den Bewegungen des Augens , Arch. f. Ophth. 71:313, 1909. 13. Bianchi (footnotes 5 and 7). 14. Hitzig, E.: Untersuchungen über das Gehirn , Berlin, A. Hirschwald, 1874; footnote 3. 15. Bard, L.: De l'origine sensorielle de la déviation conjugée des yeux avec rotation de la tête chez les hemiplégiques , Semaine méd. 24:9, 1904.

Journal

Archives of Neurology & PsychiatryAmerican Medical Association

Published: Jun 1, 1939

References