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Alopecia Areata: A Psychiatric Survey

Alopecia Areata: A Psychiatric Survey Abstract While considerable attention has been paid to the emotional factors in patients with alopecia areata by dermatologists,* there have been few systematic studies of these patients by psychiatrists. The most extensive study so far reported is that of Irwin † in England on 55 patients. He found that 63% of these patients were psychoneurotic, another 23% were classified as having traumatic neurosis and 14% were free of mental illness. Thus, a total of 86% of the patients were considered by him to be in need of psychiatric help. The present study was made in an attempt to determine the frequency and severity of mental illness in patients who come to the dermatologist for treatment of alopecia areata. SELECTION OF PATIENTS Forty-four patients with typical alopecia areata of the scalp were studied. Thirty-two were from the Dermatologic Clinic of the Jewish Hospital of Brooklyn, and the Skin and References 1. References 1, 2, and 3. 2. Cited by Wittkower and Russell.4 3. Cited by Wittkower and Russell.4 4. Sutton, R. L., and Sutton, R. L., Jr.: Handbook of Diseases of the Skin , St. Louis, C. V. Mosby Company, 1949. 5. Wright, C. S.: Therapy of Psychosomatic Dermatoses , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 60:303 ( (Aug.) ) 1949. 6. Cormia, F.: The Role of Psychosomatic Factors in Dermatoses , Connecticut M. J. 14: 1051 ( (Dec.) ) 1950. 7. Wittkower, E., and Russell, B.: Emotional Factors in Skin Disease , New York, Paul B. Hoeber, Inc., 1953. 8. Raines, G. N., and Rohrer, J. H.: The Operational Matrix of Psychiatric Practice , Am. J. Psychiat. 111:721 ( (April) ) 1955. 9. MacKenna, R. M. B., and Macalpine, I.: Application of Psychology to Dermatology , Lancet 1:65 ( (Jan. 13) ) 1951. 10. Arnold, H. L., Jr.: Alopecia Areata , A. M. A. Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 66:191 ( (Aug.) ) 1952. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png A.M.A. Archives of Dermatology American Medical Association

Alopecia Areata: A Psychiatric Survey

A.M.A. Archives of Dermatology , Volume 72 (5) – Nov 1, 1955

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1955 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0096-5359
DOI
10.1001/archderm.1955.03730350056010
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract While considerable attention has been paid to the emotional factors in patients with alopecia areata by dermatologists,* there have been few systematic studies of these patients by psychiatrists. The most extensive study so far reported is that of Irwin † in England on 55 patients. He found that 63% of these patients were psychoneurotic, another 23% were classified as having traumatic neurosis and 14% were free of mental illness. Thus, a total of 86% of the patients were considered by him to be in need of psychiatric help. The present study was made in an attempt to determine the frequency and severity of mental illness in patients who come to the dermatologist for treatment of alopecia areata. SELECTION OF PATIENTS Forty-four patients with typical alopecia areata of the scalp were studied. Thirty-two were from the Dermatologic Clinic of the Jewish Hospital of Brooklyn, and the Skin and References 1. References 1, 2, and 3. 2. Cited by Wittkower and Russell.4 3. Cited by Wittkower and Russell.4 4. Sutton, R. L., and Sutton, R. L., Jr.: Handbook of Diseases of the Skin , St. Louis, C. V. Mosby Company, 1949. 5. Wright, C. S.: Therapy of Psychosomatic Dermatoses , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 60:303 ( (Aug.) ) 1949. 6. Cormia, F.: The Role of Psychosomatic Factors in Dermatoses , Connecticut M. J. 14: 1051 ( (Dec.) ) 1950. 7. Wittkower, E., and Russell, B.: Emotional Factors in Skin Disease , New York, Paul B. Hoeber, Inc., 1953. 8. Raines, G. N., and Rohrer, J. H.: The Operational Matrix of Psychiatric Practice , Am. J. Psychiat. 111:721 ( (April) ) 1955. 9. MacKenna, R. M. B., and Macalpine, I.: Application of Psychology to Dermatology , Lancet 1:65 ( (Jan. 13) ) 1951. 10. Arnold, H. L., Jr.: Alopecia Areata , A. M. A. Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 66:191 ( (Aug.) ) 1952.

Journal

A.M.A. Archives of DermatologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Nov 1, 1955

References