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Allergic Contact Dermatitis to Gold

Allergic Contact Dermatitis to Gold Abstract Gold sensitivity (the eighth reported case, and the seventh proved case) occurred in a 27-year-old woman. This is the first instance where a dental appliance was involved. The gingival mucosa sloughed following contact with a gold crown, and previous sites of contact dermatitis to jewelry flared. The cutaneous lesions subsided when the crown was removed. Patch tests to gold salts were positive, but those to metallic gold (leaf) were negative. Four months after the crown was removed, the skin test to gold trichloride was still positive, although diminished in intensity. References 1. Gaul LE: Incidence of sensitivity to chromium, nickel, gold, silver, and copper compared to reactions to their aqueous salts including cobalt sulfate . Ann Allerg 12:429-444, 1954. 2. Chenworth E: Contact dermatitis from 18-karat gold . Med J Aust 2:20, 1957. 3. Comaish S: A case of contact hypersensitivity to metallic gold . Arch Derm 99:720-723, 1969.Crossref 4. Fox JM, Kennedy R, Rostenberg A Jr: Eczematous contact-sensitivity to gold . Arch Derm 83:956-959, 1961.Crossref 5. Shelley WB, Epstein E: Contact-sensitivity to gold as a chronic papular eruption . Arch Derm 87:388-391, 1963.Crossref 6. Rostenberg A Jr, Perkins AJ: Nickel and cobalt dermatitis . J Allerg 22:466-474, 1951.Crossref 7. Forster HW Jr, Dickey RF: A case of sensitivity to gold-ball orbital implant . Amer J Ophthal 32:659-662, 1949. 8. Fisher AA: Contact Dermatitis . Philadelphia, Lea & Febiger, 1967. 9. Frykholm KO: On mercury from dental amalgam: Its toxic and allergic effects . Acta Odont Scand 15( (suppl 22) ):1-108, 1957.Crossref 10. Markow H: Urticaria following a dental silver filling . New York J Med 43:1648-1652, 1943. 11. Juhlin L, Ohman S: Allergic reactions to mercury in red tattoos, and in mucosa adjacent to amalgam fillings . Acta Dermatovener 48:103-105, 1968. 12. Gaul LE: Development of allergic nickel dermatitis from earrings . JAMA 200:176-178, 1967.Crossref http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Dermatology American Medical Association

Allergic Contact Dermatitis to Gold

Archives of Dermatology , Volume 103 (6) – Jun 1, 1971

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1971 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-987X
eISSN
1538-3652
DOI
10.1001/archderm.1971.04000180075010
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract Gold sensitivity (the eighth reported case, and the seventh proved case) occurred in a 27-year-old woman. This is the first instance where a dental appliance was involved. The gingival mucosa sloughed following contact with a gold crown, and previous sites of contact dermatitis to jewelry flared. The cutaneous lesions subsided when the crown was removed. Patch tests to gold salts were positive, but those to metallic gold (leaf) were negative. Four months after the crown was removed, the skin test to gold trichloride was still positive, although diminished in intensity. References 1. Gaul LE: Incidence of sensitivity to chromium, nickel, gold, silver, and copper compared to reactions to their aqueous salts including cobalt sulfate . Ann Allerg 12:429-444, 1954. 2. Chenworth E: Contact dermatitis from 18-karat gold . Med J Aust 2:20, 1957. 3. Comaish S: A case of contact hypersensitivity to metallic gold . Arch Derm 99:720-723, 1969.Crossref 4. Fox JM, Kennedy R, Rostenberg A Jr: Eczematous contact-sensitivity to gold . Arch Derm 83:956-959, 1961.Crossref 5. Shelley WB, Epstein E: Contact-sensitivity to gold as a chronic papular eruption . Arch Derm 87:388-391, 1963.Crossref 6. Rostenberg A Jr, Perkins AJ: Nickel and cobalt dermatitis . J Allerg 22:466-474, 1951.Crossref 7. Forster HW Jr, Dickey RF: A case of sensitivity to gold-ball orbital implant . Amer J Ophthal 32:659-662, 1949. 8. Fisher AA: Contact Dermatitis . Philadelphia, Lea & Febiger, 1967. 9. Frykholm KO: On mercury from dental amalgam: Its toxic and allergic effects . Acta Odont Scand 15( (suppl 22) ):1-108, 1957.Crossref 10. Markow H: Urticaria following a dental silver filling . New York J Med 43:1648-1652, 1943. 11. Juhlin L, Ohman S: Allergic reactions to mercury in red tattoos, and in mucosa adjacent to amalgam fillings . Acta Dermatovener 48:103-105, 1968. 12. Gaul LE: Development of allergic nickel dermatitis from earrings . JAMA 200:176-178, 1967.Crossref

Journal

Archives of DermatologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Jun 1, 1971

References