Get 20M+ Full-Text Papers For Less Than $1.50/day. Start a 14-Day Trial for You or Your Team.

Learn More →

Adjective Checklists for Measurement of Depression

Adjective Checklists for Measurement of Depression Abstract The depression adjective checklists (DACL) were developed in order to fill the need for an instrument with which to measure transient depressive mood, feeling, or emotion. Instruments are available for the measurement of more chronic, enduring depression.1,4 There are many occasions, however, when an economically administered, reliable and valid instrument for the measurement of transient depressive mood, feeling, or emotion is essential. The need for such an instrument arose when designing an investigation of mood changes during pregnancy and the postpartum period. Therefore, the first itemanalysis was conducted on female criterion groups and the derived lists were crossvalidated on both sexes. With the possibility of culturally-conditioned sex differences in self-report in mind, a separate item-analysis was conducted on male criterion groups and the derived lists were crossvalidated on both sexes. Of the several forms of instruments that have been developed References 1. List D was found to be a bit more sensitive than other lists. In order to make list D comparable to other lists, one adjective on this list ("high") is not scored. For all analyses, "high" is not scored on list D. 2. Copies of the seven checklists and scoring keys will be sent upon request. 3. On list A, positive adjectives (scored if checked) are: wilted, miserable, gloomy, dull, lowspirited, sad, unwanted, broken-hearted, down-cast, failure, afflicted, tortured, listless, destroyed, wretched, broken, criticized, grieved, hopeless, oppressed, weary, droopy. Negative adjectives (scored if not checked) are: safe, gay, fine, enthusiastic, active, strong, sunny, light-hearted, dreamy, joyous. 4. Beck, A. T., et al: Inventory for Measuring Depression , Arch Gen Psychiat 4:561-571, 1961.Crossref 5. Dunnette, M. D.: Self-Description Adjective Checklist as Indicator of Behavioral Modalities, paper read before the American Psychological Association Convention, Chicago: September, 1960. 6. Gough, H. G.: Adjective Checklist as Personality Assessment Research Technique , Psychol Rep 6:107-122, 1960.Crossref 7. Hathaway, S. R., and McKinley, J. C.: Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory: Manual , New York: Psychological Corporation, 1951. 8. Heilbrun, A. B., Jr.: Validation of Need Scaling Technique for Adjective Checklist , J Consult Psychol 23:347-351, 1959.Crossref 9. La Forge, R., and Suczek, R.: Interpersonal Dimensions of Personality: III. Interpersonal Check List , J Personality 24:94-112, 1955.Crossref 10. Nowlis, V.: " Development and Modification of Motivational Systems in Personality ," in Nebraska Symposium on Motivation , Lincoln, Neb: University of Nebraska Press, 1953. 11. Steel, R. G. D., and Torrie, J. H.: Principles and Procedures of Statistics , New York: McGraw-Hill Book Co., Inc., 1960. 12. Zuckerman, M.: Development of Affect Adjective Checklist for Measurement of Anxiety , J Consult Psychol 24:457-462, 1960.Crossref http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of General Psychiatry American Medical Association

Adjective Checklists for Measurement of Depression

Archives of General Psychiatry , Volume 12 (1) – Jan 1, 1965

Loading next page...
 
/lp/american-medical-association/adjective-checklists-for-measurement-of-depression-BP3yftTT6E
Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1965 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-990X
eISSN
1598-3636
DOI
10.1001/archpsyc.1965.01720310059007
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract The depression adjective checklists (DACL) were developed in order to fill the need for an instrument with which to measure transient depressive mood, feeling, or emotion. Instruments are available for the measurement of more chronic, enduring depression.1,4 There are many occasions, however, when an economically administered, reliable and valid instrument for the measurement of transient depressive mood, feeling, or emotion is essential. The need for such an instrument arose when designing an investigation of mood changes during pregnancy and the postpartum period. Therefore, the first itemanalysis was conducted on female criterion groups and the derived lists were crossvalidated on both sexes. With the possibility of culturally-conditioned sex differences in self-report in mind, a separate item-analysis was conducted on male criterion groups and the derived lists were crossvalidated on both sexes. Of the several forms of instruments that have been developed References 1. List D was found to be a bit more sensitive than other lists. In order to make list D comparable to other lists, one adjective on this list ("high") is not scored. For all analyses, "high" is not scored on list D. 2. Copies of the seven checklists and scoring keys will be sent upon request. 3. On list A, positive adjectives (scored if checked) are: wilted, miserable, gloomy, dull, lowspirited, sad, unwanted, broken-hearted, down-cast, failure, afflicted, tortured, listless, destroyed, wretched, broken, criticized, grieved, hopeless, oppressed, weary, droopy. Negative adjectives (scored if not checked) are: safe, gay, fine, enthusiastic, active, strong, sunny, light-hearted, dreamy, joyous. 4. Beck, A. T., et al: Inventory for Measuring Depression , Arch Gen Psychiat 4:561-571, 1961.Crossref 5. Dunnette, M. D.: Self-Description Adjective Checklist as Indicator of Behavioral Modalities, paper read before the American Psychological Association Convention, Chicago: September, 1960. 6. Gough, H. G.: Adjective Checklist as Personality Assessment Research Technique , Psychol Rep 6:107-122, 1960.Crossref 7. Hathaway, S. R., and McKinley, J. C.: Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory: Manual , New York: Psychological Corporation, 1951. 8. Heilbrun, A. B., Jr.: Validation of Need Scaling Technique for Adjective Checklist , J Consult Psychol 23:347-351, 1959.Crossref 9. La Forge, R., and Suczek, R.: Interpersonal Dimensions of Personality: III. Interpersonal Check List , J Personality 24:94-112, 1955.Crossref 10. Nowlis, V.: " Development and Modification of Motivational Systems in Personality ," in Nebraska Symposium on Motivation , Lincoln, Neb: University of Nebraska Press, 1953. 11. Steel, R. G. D., and Torrie, J. H.: Principles and Procedures of Statistics , New York: McGraw-Hill Book Co., Inc., 1960. 12. Zuckerman, M.: Development of Affect Adjective Checklist for Measurement of Anxiety , J Consult Psychol 24:457-462, 1960.Crossref

Journal

Archives of General PsychiatryAmerican Medical Association

Published: Jan 1, 1965

References