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ACUTE PANCREATITIS (PANCREATIC NECROSIS): AN EXPERIMENTAL AND CLINICAL STUDY, WITH SPECIAL REFERNCE TO THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THE BILIARY TRACT FACTOR

ACUTE PANCREATITIS (PANCREATIC NECROSIS): AN EXPERIMENTAL AND CLINICAL STUDY, WITH SPECIAL... Abstract The consistent frequency with which gallstones or disease of the gallbladder have been found in association with acute pancreatitis has served to confirm the belief that biliary infection predisposes to pancreatitis. Fitz, who recognized acute pancreatitis as a disease entity, was cognizant of a probable causative relationship between disease of the gallbladder and pancreatitis. In 1907, Egdahl found that gallstones were present in 42 per cent of 107 reported cases. In a recent statistical study, Schmieden and Sebening found that gallstones were present in 69.8 per cent of a series of 1,278 cases of acute pancreatitis collected from 104 German surgical clinics, from 1919 to 1927. That disease may be present in the gallbladder in the absence of gallstones in no small number of cases is evidenced by the number of instances in which cholecystectomy is performed in the absence of cholelithiasis. In 1919, W. J. Mayo stated that infected References 1. Kaufmann, M.: Surg. Gynec. Obst. 44:15, 1927. 2. Mann, F. C., and Giordano, A. G.: Bile Factor in Pancreatitis , Arch. Surg. 6:1 ( (Jan.) ) 1923.Crossref 3. Following the production of acute pancreatic necrosis in dogs, Seidel found that fat necroses were present only when the period of survival was more than twelve hours. 4. Leven and Wangensteen: Proc. Soc. Exper. Biol. & Med. 27:965, 1930. 5. Hillyard: Proc. Staff Meet. Mayo Clin. 5:127, 1930. 6. Cameron, A. L., and Noble, J. F.: Reflex of Bile up the Duct of Wirsung Caused by an Impacted Biliary Calculus , J. A. M. A. 82:1410 ( (May 3) ) 1924. 7. Giordano, A. S., and Mann, F. C.: Sphincter of Choledochus , Arch. Path. 4:493 ( (Dec.) ) 1927. 8. Tatum: J. Biol. Chem. 27:243, 1916. 9. Sellards: Bull. Johns Hopkins Hosp. 19:268, 1908. 10. Pancreas ( Ann. Surg. 90:803, 1929) 11. DeWitt Stettin ( Ann. Surg. 92:284, 1930) 12. Tower, L. E.: Pathologic Physiology of Experimental Gangrenous Pancreatitis , J. A. M. A. 86:1112 ( (April 10) ) 1926. 13. Brocq, P.: Les pancréatites aigües chirurgicales , Paris, Masson et Cie, 1926. 14. Gross, O., and Guleke, N.: Die Erkrankungen des Pankreas. Enzyklopädie der klinischen Medizin , Berlin, Julius Springer, 1924. 15. Guleke, N.: Die neueren Ergebnisse in der Lehre der akuten und chronischen Erkrankungen des Pankreas mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der entzündlichen Veränderungen , Ergebn. d. Chir. u. Orthop. 4:408, 1912. 16. Körte, W.: Die chirurgischen Krankheiten und die Verletzungen des Pankreas, Deutsche Chirurgie , Stuttgart, Ferdinand Enke, 1898, no. 45, p. 175. 17. Schmieden, V., and Sebening, W.: Chirurgie des Pankreas , Arch. f. klin. Chir. 148:319, 1927. 18. Discussion of the paper of Schmieden and Sebening at the Fifty-First German Surgical Congress , Arch. f. klin. Chir. 148:67, 1927. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Surgery American Medical Association

ACUTE PANCREATITIS (PANCREATIC NECROSIS): AN EXPERIMENTAL AND CLINICAL STUDY, WITH SPECIAL REFERNCE TO THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THE BILIARY TRACT FACTOR

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1931 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0004-0010
eISSN
1538-3644
DOI
10.1001/archsurg.1931.01160070050004
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract The consistent frequency with which gallstones or disease of the gallbladder have been found in association with acute pancreatitis has served to confirm the belief that biliary infection predisposes to pancreatitis. Fitz, who recognized acute pancreatitis as a disease entity, was cognizant of a probable causative relationship between disease of the gallbladder and pancreatitis. In 1907, Egdahl found that gallstones were present in 42 per cent of 107 reported cases. In a recent statistical study, Schmieden and Sebening found that gallstones were present in 69.8 per cent of a series of 1,278 cases of acute pancreatitis collected from 104 German surgical clinics, from 1919 to 1927. That disease may be present in the gallbladder in the absence of gallstones in no small number of cases is evidenced by the number of instances in which cholecystectomy is performed in the absence of cholelithiasis. In 1919, W. J. Mayo stated that infected References 1. Kaufmann, M.: Surg. Gynec. Obst. 44:15, 1927. 2. Mann, F. C., and Giordano, A. G.: Bile Factor in Pancreatitis , Arch. Surg. 6:1 ( (Jan.) ) 1923.Crossref 3. Following the production of acute pancreatic necrosis in dogs, Seidel found that fat necroses were present only when the period of survival was more than twelve hours. 4. Leven and Wangensteen: Proc. Soc. Exper. Biol. & Med. 27:965, 1930. 5. Hillyard: Proc. Staff Meet. Mayo Clin. 5:127, 1930. 6. Cameron, A. L., and Noble, J. F.: Reflex of Bile up the Duct of Wirsung Caused by an Impacted Biliary Calculus , J. A. M. A. 82:1410 ( (May 3) ) 1924. 7. Giordano, A. S., and Mann, F. C.: Sphincter of Choledochus , Arch. Path. 4:493 ( (Dec.) ) 1927. 8. Tatum: J. Biol. Chem. 27:243, 1916. 9. Sellards: Bull. Johns Hopkins Hosp. 19:268, 1908. 10. Pancreas ( Ann. Surg. 90:803, 1929) 11. DeWitt Stettin ( Ann. Surg. 92:284, 1930) 12. Tower, L. E.: Pathologic Physiology of Experimental Gangrenous Pancreatitis , J. A. M. A. 86:1112 ( (April 10) ) 1926. 13. Brocq, P.: Les pancréatites aigües chirurgicales , Paris, Masson et Cie, 1926. 14. Gross, O., and Guleke, N.: Die Erkrankungen des Pankreas. Enzyklopädie der klinischen Medizin , Berlin, Julius Springer, 1924. 15. Guleke, N.: Die neueren Ergebnisse in der Lehre der akuten und chronischen Erkrankungen des Pankreas mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der entzündlichen Veränderungen , Ergebn. d. Chir. u. Orthop. 4:408, 1912. 16. Körte, W.: Die chirurgischen Krankheiten und die Verletzungen des Pankreas, Deutsche Chirurgie , Stuttgart, Ferdinand Enke, 1898, no. 45, p. 175. 17. Schmieden, V., and Sebening, W.: Chirurgie des Pankreas , Arch. f. klin. Chir. 148:319, 1927. 18. Discussion of the paper of Schmieden and Sebening at the Fifty-First German Surgical Congress , Arch. f. klin. Chir. 148:67, 1927.

Journal

Archives of SurgeryAmerican Medical Association

Published: Jul 1, 1931

References