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Acoustic Reflex Relaxation in Sensorineural Hearing Loss

Acoustic Reflex Relaxation in Sensorineural Hearing Loss Abstract • This study examined stapedial reflex recordings of pulsed pure tones (500, 1,000, 2,000, and 4,000 Hz) in 26 subjects with normal hearing and 18 with sensorineural impairment. The stapedial reflex tracings clearly differentiated the two groups of subjects. Like many of our special audiometric procedures, this test was least effective in those with mild hearing loss. The test also appeared to be useful in identifying high-frequency hearing losses. Although this reflex measurement appears to have potential as a clinical tool, additional field study appears necessary. (Arch Otolaryngol 101:617-621, 1975) References 1. Metz 0: Threshold of reflex contraction of muscles of the middle ear and recruitment of loudness . Arch Otolaryngol 55:536-543, 1952.Crossref 2. Kristensen H, Jepson 0: Recruitment in otoneurological diagnostics . Arch Otolaryngol 42:533-560, 1952.Crossref 3. Terkildsen K: An evaluation of perceptive hearing losses in children based on recruitment determinations . Acta Otolaryngol 51:476-484, 1960.Crossref 4. Terkildsen K: Intra-aural muscle reflex testing . Int Audiol 3:123, 1964.Crossref 5. Alberti PWRM, Kristensen R: The clinical application of impedance audiometry . Laryngoscope 80:735-746, 1970.Crossref 6. Jerger J: Clinical experience with impedance audiometry . Arch Otolaryngol 92:311-324, 1970.Crossref 7. McCandless G: Hearing aids and loudness discomfort , in Papers Presented at the Third Oticongress . Copenhagen, Oticon International A/S, 1973, pp 39-44. 8. Anderson H, Barr B, Wedenburg E: The early detection of acoustic tumors by the stapedius reflex test , in Wolstenholme GEW, Knight J (ed): Sensorineural Hearing Loss . Baltimore, Williams & Wilkins Co, 1970, pp 275-294. 9. Sanders J, Josey AF, Gnewikon DW: Acoustic stapedial reflex decay in ears with cochlear pathology. Read before the American Speech and Hearing Association Convention, San Francisco, Nov 19, 1972. 10. Jerger J, Harford E, Clemis J, et al: The acoustic reflex in eighth nerve disorders . Arch Otolaryngol 99:409-413, 1974.Crossref 11. Olsen W, Noffsinger D, Kurdziel S: Acoustic reflex and reflex decay results for cochlear lesion and for VIIIth nerve tumor patients. Read before the American Speech and Hearing Association Convention, Las Vegas, Nev, Nov 6,1974. 12. Niemeyer W, Sesterhenn G: Calculating the hearing threshold from the stapedius reflex threshold for different sound stimuli . Audiology 13:421-427, 1974.Crossref 13. Jerger J, Burney P, Mauldin L, et al: Predicting hearing loss from the acoustic reflex . J Speech Hear Disord 39:11-23, 1974. 14. Schwartz DM: Critical Bandwidth and Differential Loudness Summation in the Acoustic Stapedial Reflex, dissertation. Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tenn, 1974. 15. Furiga EJ: Predicting Hearing Loss From Acoustic Stapedial Reflex Measurements, thesis. Central Michigan University, Mount Pleasant, Mich, 1974. 16. Norris T, Stelmachowicz P, Taylor D: Acoustic reflex relaxation to identify sensorineural hearing impairment . Arch Otolaryngol 99:194-197, 1974.Crossref 17. Specifications for Audiometers , publication ANSI S3.6, 1969. New York, American National Standards Institute Inc, 1970. 18. Goodman A: Reference zero levels for pure tone audiometers . ASHA 7:262-263, 1965. 19. Sanders J: The Brief Tone Test in Diagnostic Audiometry , publication NB 07445-01. National Institute of Neurological Diseases and Stroke, 1974. 20. Stelmachowicz PG, Taylor DJ, Bowling CA, et al: A comparison of two techniques for predicting hearing loss. Read before the American Speech and Hearing Association Convention, Las Vegas, Nev, Nov 8, 1974. 21. Møller AR: Acoustic reflex in man . J Acoust Soc Am 34:1524-1534, 1962.Crossref 22. Djupesland G, Zwislocki JJ: Effect of temporal summation on the human stapedius reflex . Acta Otolaryngol 71:262-265, 1971.Crossref 23. Woodford C, Henderson D, Hamernik R, et al: Threshold-duration function of the acoustic reflex in man . Audiology 13:53-62, 1975.Crossref http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Otolaryngology American Medical Association

Acoustic Reflex Relaxation in Sensorineural Hearing Loss

Archives of Otolaryngology , Volume 101 (10) – Oct 1, 1975

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1975 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-9977
DOI
10.1001/archotol.1975.00780390031008
Publisher site
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Abstract

Abstract • This study examined stapedial reflex recordings of pulsed pure tones (500, 1,000, 2,000, and 4,000 Hz) in 26 subjects with normal hearing and 18 with sensorineural impairment. The stapedial reflex tracings clearly differentiated the two groups of subjects. Like many of our special audiometric procedures, this test was least effective in those with mild hearing loss. The test also appeared to be useful in identifying high-frequency hearing losses. Although this reflex measurement appears to have potential as a clinical tool, additional field study appears necessary. (Arch Otolaryngol 101:617-621, 1975) References 1. Metz 0: Threshold of reflex contraction of muscles of the middle ear and recruitment of loudness . Arch Otolaryngol 55:536-543, 1952.Crossref 2. Kristensen H, Jepson 0: Recruitment in otoneurological diagnostics . Arch Otolaryngol 42:533-560, 1952.Crossref 3. Terkildsen K: An evaluation of perceptive hearing losses in children based on recruitment determinations . Acta Otolaryngol 51:476-484, 1960.Crossref 4. Terkildsen K: Intra-aural muscle reflex testing . Int Audiol 3:123, 1964.Crossref 5. Alberti PWRM, Kristensen R: The clinical application of impedance audiometry . Laryngoscope 80:735-746, 1970.Crossref 6. Jerger J: Clinical experience with impedance audiometry . Arch Otolaryngol 92:311-324, 1970.Crossref 7. McCandless G: Hearing aids and loudness discomfort , in Papers Presented at the Third Oticongress . Copenhagen, Oticon International A/S, 1973, pp 39-44. 8. Anderson H, Barr B, Wedenburg E: The early detection of acoustic tumors by the stapedius reflex test , in Wolstenholme GEW, Knight J (ed): Sensorineural Hearing Loss . Baltimore, Williams & Wilkins Co, 1970, pp 275-294. 9. Sanders J, Josey AF, Gnewikon DW: Acoustic stapedial reflex decay in ears with cochlear pathology. Read before the American Speech and Hearing Association Convention, San Francisco, Nov 19, 1972. 10. Jerger J, Harford E, Clemis J, et al: The acoustic reflex in eighth nerve disorders . Arch Otolaryngol 99:409-413, 1974.Crossref 11. Olsen W, Noffsinger D, Kurdziel S: Acoustic reflex and reflex decay results for cochlear lesion and for VIIIth nerve tumor patients. Read before the American Speech and Hearing Association Convention, Las Vegas, Nev, Nov 6,1974. 12. Niemeyer W, Sesterhenn G: Calculating the hearing threshold from the stapedius reflex threshold for different sound stimuli . Audiology 13:421-427, 1974.Crossref 13. Jerger J, Burney P, Mauldin L, et al: Predicting hearing loss from the acoustic reflex . J Speech Hear Disord 39:11-23, 1974. 14. Schwartz DM: Critical Bandwidth and Differential Loudness Summation in the Acoustic Stapedial Reflex, dissertation. Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tenn, 1974. 15. Furiga EJ: Predicting Hearing Loss From Acoustic Stapedial Reflex Measurements, thesis. Central Michigan University, Mount Pleasant, Mich, 1974. 16. Norris T, Stelmachowicz P, Taylor D: Acoustic reflex relaxation to identify sensorineural hearing impairment . Arch Otolaryngol 99:194-197, 1974.Crossref 17. Specifications for Audiometers , publication ANSI S3.6, 1969. New York, American National Standards Institute Inc, 1970. 18. Goodman A: Reference zero levels for pure tone audiometers . ASHA 7:262-263, 1965. 19. Sanders J: The Brief Tone Test in Diagnostic Audiometry , publication NB 07445-01. National Institute of Neurological Diseases and Stroke, 1974. 20. Stelmachowicz PG, Taylor DJ, Bowling CA, et al: A comparison of two techniques for predicting hearing loss. Read before the American Speech and Hearing Association Convention, Las Vegas, Nev, Nov 8, 1974. 21. Møller AR: Acoustic reflex in man . J Acoust Soc Am 34:1524-1534, 1962.Crossref 22. Djupesland G, Zwislocki JJ: Effect of temporal summation on the human stapedius reflex . Acta Otolaryngol 71:262-265, 1971.Crossref 23. Woodford C, Henderson D, Hamernik R, et al: Threshold-duration function of the acoustic reflex in man . Audiology 13:53-62, 1975.Crossref

Journal

Archives of OtolaryngologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Oct 1, 1975

References