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Achalasia of the Esophagus

Achalasia of the Esophagus Achalasia of the esophagus is characterized by lack of neuromuscular coordination, which results in an absence of normal peristalsis in the body of the esophagus and a failure of relaxation of the lower segment. It is a frequent cause of esophageal obstruction. Symptoms of achalasia include dysphagia, regurgitation (nocturnal overflow), substernal discomfort, recurrent pulmonary infection, and weight loss. The diagnosis of achalasia is established by esophagoscopy, x-ray examinations (routine posterioanterior and lateral views), barium swallow and cinefluoroscopy, and esophageal motility studies. Treatment consists of bougienage, forceful dilation, and Heller esophagocardiomyotomy. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png JAMA American Medical Association

Achalasia of the Esophagus

JAMA , Volume 202 (7) – Nov 13, 1967

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1967 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved. Applicable FARS/DFARS Restrictions Apply to Government Use.
ISSN
0098-7484
eISSN
1538-3598
DOI
10.1001/jama.1967.03130200106019
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Achalasia of the esophagus is characterized by lack of neuromuscular coordination, which results in an absence of normal peristalsis in the body of the esophagus and a failure of relaxation of the lower segment. It is a frequent cause of esophageal obstruction. Symptoms of achalasia include dysphagia, regurgitation (nocturnal overflow), substernal discomfort, recurrent pulmonary infection, and weight loss. The diagnosis of achalasia is established by esophagoscopy, x-ray examinations (routine posterioanterior and lateral views), barium swallow and cinefluoroscopy, and esophageal motility studies. Treatment consists of bougienage, forceful dilation, and Heller esophagocardiomyotomy.

Journal

JAMAAmerican Medical Association

Published: Nov 13, 1967

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