Get 20M+ Full-Text Papers For Less Than $1.50/day. Start a 14-Day Trial for You or Your Team.

Learn More →

Accidental Russian Spring-Summer Viral Encephalitis: Cases Occurring in Two Laboratory Workers, One Fatal, with Postmortem Study

Accidental Russian Spring-Summer Viral Encephalitis: Cases Occurring in Two Laboratory Workers,... Abstract Russian spring-summer virus encephalitis has been recognized in man in parts of the European and Far Eastern U. S. S. R. and in a few countries of Eastern Europe. Its viral agent is very closely related to, and possibly identical with, that of louping ill of sheep, long recognized in Scotland. Nonfatal infections in laboratory workers with the virus of louping ill have occasionally occurred.* Both viruses are known to be transmitted in nature only by ticks. Naturally acquired Russian spring-summer virus infections usually occur in forest workers bitten by ticks that have acquired their infection from small rodents. Although small rodents are the mammalian hosts, the tick is considered the true reservoir, inasmuch as the virus can be passed congenitally through the egg. Only three cases of the human disease due to the Russian virus have been recorded outside of Russian and Asian areas. Two were nonfatal laboratory infections References 1. References 1 to 3. 2. Dr. Paul Gross, Pathologist of St. Joseph's Hospital, Pittsburgh, performed the autopsy and made available the various materials on which this paper is based. 3. Armed Forces Institute of Pathology Accession No. 518138. 4. Silber and Soloviev11 5. Smorodintseff.12 6. References 13 and 14. 7. References 11, 12, and 14. 8. References 15 through 17. 9. Kestner,15 10. Smorodintseff.12 11. References 12 and 17. 12. References 16, 17, and 21. 13. Rivers, T. M., and Schwentker, F. F.: Louping Ill in Man , J. Exper. Med. 59:669-685, 1934.Crossref 14. Wesemier, K.: Beobachtungen über Louping-ill beim Menschen , Deutsches Arch. klin. Med. 182: 451-454, 1938. 15. Wiebel, H.: Über Louping-ill beim Menschen , Klin. Wchnschr. 16:632-634, 1937.Crossref 16. Sulkin, S. E., and Pike, R. M.: Viral Infections Contracted in the Laboratory , New England J. Med. 241:205-213, 1949.Crossref 17. Jervis, G. A., and Higgins, G. H.: Russian Spring-Summer Encephalitis (Clinico-Pathologic Report of a Case in the Human) , J. Neuropath. & Exper. Neurol. 12:1-10, 1953. 18. Hammon, W. McD.: Encephalitis (Arthropod-Borne Virus Encephalitides and Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis) , in Diagnostic Procedures for Virus and Rickettsial Diseases , Thomas Francis Jr., Chairman, Committee on Diagnostic Procedures for Virus and Rickettsial Diseases, New York, American Public Health Association, 1948, pp. 187-217. 19. España, C., and Hammon, W.McD.: An Improved Benzene Extracted Complement Fixing Antigen Applied to the Diagnosis of the Arthropod-Borne Virus Encephalitides , J. Immunol. 59:31-44, 1948. 20. Weigert, C.: Beiträge zur Kenntnis der normalen menschlichen Neuroglia, Festschrift zum 50-jährigen Jubiläum des ärztlichen Vereins zu Frankfurt am Main , Frankfurt am Main, A. Weisbrod, 1895. 21. Gombault: Contribution à l'étude anatomique de la névrite parenchymateuse subaiguë et chronique. Névrite segmentaire péri-axile , Arch. neurol. 1:11-38, 1880. 22. Stransky, E.: Über diskontinuierliche Zerfallsprozesse an der peripheren Nervenfaser , Ztschr. Psychol. u. Neurol. 1:169-199, 1903. 23. Silber, L. A., and Soloviev, V. D.: Far Eastern Tick-Borne Spring-Summer (Spring) Encephalitis , Am. Rev. Soviet Med. , (Supp.) , 1946. 24. Smorodintseff, A. A.: The Spring-Summer Tick-Borne Encephalitis. (Synonyms: Forest Spring Encephalitis) , Arch. ges. Virusforsch. 1:468-480, 1940. 25. Glazunova, I. S., and Chaporal, A. N.: Clinical Features of Spring-Summer (Taiga) Encephalitis , Nevropat. i psikhiat. 9:26-30, 1940 26. Zentralbl. ges. Neurol. u. Psychiat. 97:687-688, 1940. 27. Kroll, M. B.; Altschuller, I. S.; Glasunov, I. S.; Sergeeva, J. S., and Shapoval, A. N.: Clinical Treatment of Spring-Summer Encephalitis , Arch. biol. nauk. 56:59-70, 1939 28. Zentralbl. ges. Neurol. u. Psychiat. 97:72, 1940. 29. Kestner, A. G.: Pathological Anatomy and Histology of Spring-Summer Encephalitis, 1937. 30. Propper-Graschtschenkow, N. I.: Clinical Features and Histopathology of Tick-Borne Encephalitis , Acta med. URSS 3:202-212, 1940 31. Zentralbl. ges. Neurol. u. Psychiat. 99:681-682, 1941. 32. Robinson, I. A., and Sergeeva, J. S.: Pathologo-Anatomical Changes in the Nervous System Associated with the Spring-Summer (Forest) Encephalitis , Arkh. biol. nauk. 56:71-84, 1939 33. Smorodintseff.12 34. Spielmeyer, W.: Histopathologie des Nervensystems , vol. 1, Berlin, Springer-Verlag, 1922, pp. 203-208. 35. Haymaker, W., and Sabin, A. B.: Topographic Distribution of Lesions in Japanese B Encephalitis: Nature of the Lesions, with Report of a Case on Okinawa , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 57: 673-692, 1947. 36. Reference deleted by author. 37. Robinson, I. A., and Sergeeva, J. S.: On the Localization of the Inflammatory Changes in Spring-Summer Meningoencephalomyelitis. Nevropat. i psikhiat. 9:31-37, 1940 38. Zentralbl. ges. Neurol. u. Psychiat. 97:688, 1940. 39. Sefer, D. G., and Polykovskij, M. G.: Spring-Summer Encephalitis in the Ural Mountains , Nevropat. i psikhiat. 11:16-21, 1940 40. Zentralbl. ges. Neurol. u. Psychiat. 99:290-291, 1941. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png A.M.A. Archives of Neurology & Psychiatry American Medical Association

Accidental Russian Spring-Summer Viral Encephalitis: Cases Occurring in Two Laboratory Workers, One Fatal, with Postmortem Study

Loading next page...
 
/lp/american-medical-association/accidental-russian-spring-summer-viral-encephalitis-cases-occurring-in-LB4FwqqRkR
Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1955 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0096-6886
DOI
10.1001/archneurpsyc.1955.02330120013003
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract Russian spring-summer virus encephalitis has been recognized in man in parts of the European and Far Eastern U. S. S. R. and in a few countries of Eastern Europe. Its viral agent is very closely related to, and possibly identical with, that of louping ill of sheep, long recognized in Scotland. Nonfatal infections in laboratory workers with the virus of louping ill have occasionally occurred.* Both viruses are known to be transmitted in nature only by ticks. Naturally acquired Russian spring-summer virus infections usually occur in forest workers bitten by ticks that have acquired their infection from small rodents. Although small rodents are the mammalian hosts, the tick is considered the true reservoir, inasmuch as the virus can be passed congenitally through the egg. Only three cases of the human disease due to the Russian virus have been recorded outside of Russian and Asian areas. Two were nonfatal laboratory infections References 1. References 1 to 3. 2. Dr. Paul Gross, Pathologist of St. Joseph's Hospital, Pittsburgh, performed the autopsy and made available the various materials on which this paper is based. 3. Armed Forces Institute of Pathology Accession No. 518138. 4. Silber and Soloviev11 5. Smorodintseff.12 6. References 13 and 14. 7. References 11, 12, and 14. 8. References 15 through 17. 9. Kestner,15 10. Smorodintseff.12 11. References 12 and 17. 12. References 16, 17, and 21. 13. Rivers, T. M., and Schwentker, F. F.: Louping Ill in Man , J. Exper. Med. 59:669-685, 1934.Crossref 14. Wesemier, K.: Beobachtungen über Louping-ill beim Menschen , Deutsches Arch. klin. Med. 182: 451-454, 1938. 15. Wiebel, H.: Über Louping-ill beim Menschen , Klin. Wchnschr. 16:632-634, 1937.Crossref 16. Sulkin, S. E., and Pike, R. M.: Viral Infections Contracted in the Laboratory , New England J. Med. 241:205-213, 1949.Crossref 17. Jervis, G. A., and Higgins, G. H.: Russian Spring-Summer Encephalitis (Clinico-Pathologic Report of a Case in the Human) , J. Neuropath. & Exper. Neurol. 12:1-10, 1953. 18. Hammon, W. McD.: Encephalitis (Arthropod-Borne Virus Encephalitides and Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis) , in Diagnostic Procedures for Virus and Rickettsial Diseases , Thomas Francis Jr., Chairman, Committee on Diagnostic Procedures for Virus and Rickettsial Diseases, New York, American Public Health Association, 1948, pp. 187-217. 19. España, C., and Hammon, W.McD.: An Improved Benzene Extracted Complement Fixing Antigen Applied to the Diagnosis of the Arthropod-Borne Virus Encephalitides , J. Immunol. 59:31-44, 1948. 20. Weigert, C.: Beiträge zur Kenntnis der normalen menschlichen Neuroglia, Festschrift zum 50-jährigen Jubiläum des ärztlichen Vereins zu Frankfurt am Main , Frankfurt am Main, A. Weisbrod, 1895. 21. Gombault: Contribution à l'étude anatomique de la névrite parenchymateuse subaiguë et chronique. Névrite segmentaire péri-axile , Arch. neurol. 1:11-38, 1880. 22. Stransky, E.: Über diskontinuierliche Zerfallsprozesse an der peripheren Nervenfaser , Ztschr. Psychol. u. Neurol. 1:169-199, 1903. 23. Silber, L. A., and Soloviev, V. D.: Far Eastern Tick-Borne Spring-Summer (Spring) Encephalitis , Am. Rev. Soviet Med. , (Supp.) , 1946. 24. Smorodintseff, A. A.: The Spring-Summer Tick-Borne Encephalitis. (Synonyms: Forest Spring Encephalitis) , Arch. ges. Virusforsch. 1:468-480, 1940. 25. Glazunova, I. S., and Chaporal, A. N.: Clinical Features of Spring-Summer (Taiga) Encephalitis , Nevropat. i psikhiat. 9:26-30, 1940 26. Zentralbl. ges. Neurol. u. Psychiat. 97:687-688, 1940. 27. Kroll, M. B.; Altschuller, I. S.; Glasunov, I. S.; Sergeeva, J. S., and Shapoval, A. N.: Clinical Treatment of Spring-Summer Encephalitis , Arch. biol. nauk. 56:59-70, 1939 28. Zentralbl. ges. Neurol. u. Psychiat. 97:72, 1940. 29. Kestner, A. G.: Pathological Anatomy and Histology of Spring-Summer Encephalitis, 1937. 30. Propper-Graschtschenkow, N. I.: Clinical Features and Histopathology of Tick-Borne Encephalitis , Acta med. URSS 3:202-212, 1940 31. Zentralbl. ges. Neurol. u. Psychiat. 99:681-682, 1941. 32. Robinson, I. A., and Sergeeva, J. S.: Pathologo-Anatomical Changes in the Nervous System Associated with the Spring-Summer (Forest) Encephalitis , Arkh. biol. nauk. 56:71-84, 1939 33. Smorodintseff.12 34. Spielmeyer, W.: Histopathologie des Nervensystems , vol. 1, Berlin, Springer-Verlag, 1922, pp. 203-208. 35. Haymaker, W., and Sabin, A. B.: Topographic Distribution of Lesions in Japanese B Encephalitis: Nature of the Lesions, with Report of a Case on Okinawa , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 57: 673-692, 1947. 36. Reference deleted by author. 37. Robinson, I. A., and Sergeeva, J. S.: On the Localization of the Inflammatory Changes in Spring-Summer Meningoencephalomyelitis. Nevropat. i psikhiat. 9:31-37, 1940 38. Zentralbl. ges. Neurol. u. Psychiat. 97:688, 1940. 39. Sefer, D. G., and Polykovskij, M. G.: Spring-Summer Encephalitis in the Ural Mountains , Nevropat. i psikhiat. 11:16-21, 1940 40. Zentralbl. ges. Neurol. u. Psychiat. 99:290-291, 1941.

Journal

A.M.A. Archives of Neurology & PsychiatryAmerican Medical Association

Published: Jun 1, 1955

References