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A Study of Recurrent Pulmonary Embolism

A Study of Recurrent Pulmonary Embolism Abstract The problem of recurrent pulmonary embolism in its varied clinical forms presents a challenge in recognition and management. Despite "adequate" anticoagulant therapy recurrent embolism is apt to occur either during anticoagulant therapy or after the completion of treatment.1 Femoral vein ligations have been reported to be of little value in obviating pulmonary embolism.2,3 Vena caval ligation, despite its sequelae, has proved to be the most effective tool in the prevention of recurrent pulmonary embolism. The purpose of this paper is to present a clinical analysis of recurrent pulmonary embolism as seen at the Duke University Medical Center since 1950. Corollary physiologic studies in patients with thromboembolic disease undergoing vena caval ligation will also be outlined. Clinical Analysis of Cases Since 1950, we have studied 416 patients with pulmonary embolism seen at the Duke University Medical Center. Of these, 109 had definite clinical evidence of recurrence as judged by References 1. DeLaughter, G. D., and Anlyan, W. G.: A Clinical Study of Pulmonary Embolism , Surg. Gynec. & Obst. 103:695-799, 1956. 2. Anlyan, W. G.; Campbell, F. H.; Shingleton, W. W., and Gardner, C. E., Jr.: Pulmonary Embolism Following Venous Ligation , A.M.A. Arch. Surg. 64:200-207, 1952. 3. Erb, W. H., and Schumann, F.: An Appraisal of Bilateral Superficial Femoral Vein Ligation in Preventing Pulmonary Embolism , Surgery 29:819-825, 1951. 4. McLachlin, J., and Paterson, J. C.: Some Basic Observations on Venous Thrombosis and Pulmonary Embolism , Surg. Gynec. & Obst. 93:1-8, 1951. 5. Anlyan, W. G.; Isley, J. K., Jr.; Schauble, J. F.; Baylin, G. J., and Postlethwait, R. W.: Laboratory Studies in the Evaluation of Postphlebitic Disease , A.M.A. Arch. Surg. 76:228-238, 1958. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png A.M.A. Archives Surgery American Medical Association

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1960 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0096-6908
DOI
10.1001/archsurg.1960.01290180107012
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract The problem of recurrent pulmonary embolism in its varied clinical forms presents a challenge in recognition and management. Despite "adequate" anticoagulant therapy recurrent embolism is apt to occur either during anticoagulant therapy or after the completion of treatment.1 Femoral vein ligations have been reported to be of little value in obviating pulmonary embolism.2,3 Vena caval ligation, despite its sequelae, has proved to be the most effective tool in the prevention of recurrent pulmonary embolism. The purpose of this paper is to present a clinical analysis of recurrent pulmonary embolism as seen at the Duke University Medical Center since 1950. Corollary physiologic studies in patients with thromboembolic disease undergoing vena caval ligation will also be outlined. Clinical Analysis of Cases Since 1950, we have studied 416 patients with pulmonary embolism seen at the Duke University Medical Center. Of these, 109 had definite clinical evidence of recurrence as judged by References 1. DeLaughter, G. D., and Anlyan, W. G.: A Clinical Study of Pulmonary Embolism , Surg. Gynec. & Obst. 103:695-799, 1956. 2. Anlyan, W. G.; Campbell, F. H.; Shingleton, W. W., and Gardner, C. E., Jr.: Pulmonary Embolism Following Venous Ligation , A.M.A. Arch. Surg. 64:200-207, 1952. 3. Erb, W. H., and Schumann, F.: An Appraisal of Bilateral Superficial Femoral Vein Ligation in Preventing Pulmonary Embolism , Surgery 29:819-825, 1951. 4. McLachlin, J., and Paterson, J. C.: Some Basic Observations on Venous Thrombosis and Pulmonary Embolism , Surg. Gynec. & Obst. 93:1-8, 1951. 5. Anlyan, W. G.; Isley, J. K., Jr.; Schauble, J. F.; Baylin, G. J., and Postlethwait, R. W.: Laboratory Studies in the Evaluation of Postphlebitic Disease , A.M.A. Arch. Surg. 76:228-238, 1958.

Journal

A.M.A. Archives SurgeryAmerican Medical Association

Published: Jan 1, 1960

References