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A Study of Hearing Acuity in Adult Aphasic and Cerebral Palsied Subjects

A Study of Hearing Acuity in Adult Aphasic and Cerebral Palsied Subjects Abstract Introduction The problem of aphasia, which was first described by Broca32 in 1870, has been studied extensively during the intervening years. In particular, disturbances in auditory comprehension, with reference to receptive aphasia, have been minutely investigated. Likewise, a vast amount of literature is available pertaining to the expressive and mixed forms of the disorder.16,17,21Aphasia has been defined as a symbolic language impairment resulting from an organic disturbance of cortical tissue.32 Since the overt manifestations of the cortical insult are primarily observable as symbolic disruptions in either expressive or receptive language patterns, or both, the question arises as to whether or not a concomitant reduction in auditory sensitivity may accompany the condition.Another form of cerebral injury, not specifically associated with symbolic language disturbance, is encountered in cerebral palsy. Cerebral palsy may be defined as a neuromuscular and sensory handicap, caused by damaged or absent brain structures. References 1. The Relation of Hearing Loss to Noise Exposure: A Report by Exploratory Subcommittee Z24-X-2 of the American Standards Association Z24 Sectional Committee on Acoustics , Vibration, and Mechanical Shock; Acoustic Society of America, Sponsor, New York, American Standards Association, Inc., 1954. 2. Alford, L. B.: Cerebral Localization , New York, Nervous and Mental Disease Monographs, 1948. 3. Asher, P.: A Study of 63 Cases of Athetosis with Special Reference to Hearing Defects , Arch. Dis. Childhood 27:475-477, 1952.Crossref 4. Atkinson, M.: Neural Mechanism of Hearing , Laryngoscope 47:527-531, 1937.Crossref 5. Beasley, W. C.: General Problem of Deafness in the Population , Laryngoscope 50:856-901, 1940.Crossref 6. Bocca, E.; Calearo, C.; Cassinari, V., and Migliavacca, F.: Testing Cortical Hearing in Temporal Lobe Tumours , Acta otolaryng. 45:289-304, 1955.Crossref 7. Brogden, W. J.; Girden, M. E.; Mettler, F. A., and Culler, E.: Acoustic Value of the Several Components of the Auditory System in Cats , Am. J. Physiol. 116:252-261, 1936. 8. Bunch, C. C.: Age Variations in Auditory Acuity , Arch. Otolaryng. 9:625-636, 1929.Crossref 9. Cardwell, V. E.: Cerebral Palsy: Advances in Understanding and Care , New York, Association for the Aid of Crippled Children, 1956. 10. Carmichael, E.; Dix, M., and Hallpike, C.: Pathology, Symptomatology, and Diagnosis of Organic Affections of the 8th Nerve System , Brit. M. Bull. 12:146-152, 1956. 11. Cruickshank, W. M., and Raus, G. M., Editors: Cerebral Palsy: Its Individual and Community Problems , Syracuse, Syracuse University Press, 1955. 12. Dandy, W. E.: Nerve Deafness of Known Pathology or Etiology; from Central or Cortical Lesions , Laryngoscope 47:594-597, 1937.Crossref 13. Drury, D. W.: Aural Acuity and Brain Lesions: Audiometric Studies , Tr. Am. Otol. Soc. 21:221-252, 1931. 14. Eisenson, J.: Aphasics: Observations and Tentative Conclusions , J. Speech & Hearing Disorders 12:291-292, 1947. 15. Fox, J. C., Jr., and German, W. J.: Observations Following Left (Dominant) Temporal Lobectomy , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 33:791-806, 1935. 16. Goldstein, K.: Aftereffects of Brain Injuries in War , New York, Grune & Stratton, Inc., 1942. 17. Goldstein, K.: Language and Language Disturbances , New York: Grune & Stratton, Inc., 1948. 18. Hardy, W.: Hearing Impairment in Cerebral Palsy Children , Cer. Palsy Rev. 14:3-7, 1953. 19. Hirsh, I. J.: The Measurement of Hearing , New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc., 1952. 20. Machle, W.: Effects of Gun Blasts on Hearing , Arch. Otolaryng. 42:164-168, 1945. 21. Nielsen, J. M.: Agnosia, Apraxia, Aphasia , Ed. 2, New York, Paul B. Hoeber, Inc., 1946. 22. Ogden, F. W.: Effect of Gunfire upon Auditory Acuity for Pure Tones and the Efficacy of Earplugs as Protectors , Laryngoscope 60:993-1012, 1950. 23. Rutherford, B. R.: Hearing Loss in Cerebral Palsied Children , J. Speech Disorders 10:237-240, 1945. 24. Saltzman, M.: Clinical Audiology , New York: Grune & Stratton, Inc., 1949. 25. Schuell, H.: Auditory Impairment in Aphasia , J. Speech & Hearing Disorders 18:14-21, 1953. 26. Shontz, F. C.: Body Concept Disturbances of Patients with Hemiplegia , J. Clin. Psychol. 12:293-295, 1956. 27. Siegel, S.: Nonparametric Statistics , New York, McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc., 1956. 28. Steinberg, J. C.; Montgomery, N. C., and Gardner, M. B.: Results of the Worlds Fair Hearing Test , J. Acoust. Soc. America 12:291-301, 1940. 29. Street, B. S.: Hearing Loss in Aphasia , J. Speech & Hearing Disorders 22:60-67, 1957. 30. Walker, H. M., and Lev, J.: Statistical Inference , New York, Henry Holt & Company, Inc., 1954. 31. Webster, J. C.; Hines, H. W., and Lichtenstein, M.: San Diego County Fair Hearing Survey , J. Acoust. Soc. America 22:473-483, 1950. 32. Wepman, J. M.: Recovery from Aphasia , New York, The Ronald Press Company, 1951. 33. Winchester, R. A., and Hartman, B. T.: Auditory Dedifferentiation in the Dysphasic , J. Speech & Hearing Disorders 20:178-182, 1955. 34. Ziegler, D. K.: Word Deafness and Wernicke's Aphasia , A. M. A. Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 67:323-331, 1952. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png A.M.A. Archives of Otolaryngology American Medical Association

A Study of Hearing Acuity in Adult Aphasic and Cerebral Palsied Subjects

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1958 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0096-6894
DOI
10.1001/archotol.1958.00730010459012
Publisher site
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Abstract

Abstract Introduction The problem of aphasia, which was first described by Broca32 in 1870, has been studied extensively during the intervening years. In particular, disturbances in auditory comprehension, with reference to receptive aphasia, have been minutely investigated. Likewise, a vast amount of literature is available pertaining to the expressive and mixed forms of the disorder.16,17,21Aphasia has been defined as a symbolic language impairment resulting from an organic disturbance of cortical tissue.32 Since the overt manifestations of the cortical insult are primarily observable as symbolic disruptions in either expressive or receptive language patterns, or both, the question arises as to whether or not a concomitant reduction in auditory sensitivity may accompany the condition.Another form of cerebral injury, not specifically associated with symbolic language disturbance, is encountered in cerebral palsy. Cerebral palsy may be defined as a neuromuscular and sensory handicap, caused by damaged or absent brain structures. References 1. The Relation of Hearing Loss to Noise Exposure: A Report by Exploratory Subcommittee Z24-X-2 of the American Standards Association Z24 Sectional Committee on Acoustics , Vibration, and Mechanical Shock; Acoustic Society of America, Sponsor, New York, American Standards Association, Inc., 1954. 2. Alford, L. B.: Cerebral Localization , New York, Nervous and Mental Disease Monographs, 1948. 3. Asher, P.: A Study of 63 Cases of Athetosis with Special Reference to Hearing Defects , Arch. Dis. Childhood 27:475-477, 1952.Crossref 4. Atkinson, M.: Neural Mechanism of Hearing , Laryngoscope 47:527-531, 1937.Crossref 5. Beasley, W. C.: General Problem of Deafness in the Population , Laryngoscope 50:856-901, 1940.Crossref 6. Bocca, E.; Calearo, C.; Cassinari, V., and Migliavacca, F.: Testing Cortical Hearing in Temporal Lobe Tumours , Acta otolaryng. 45:289-304, 1955.Crossref 7. Brogden, W. J.; Girden, M. E.; Mettler, F. A., and Culler, E.: Acoustic Value of the Several Components of the Auditory System in Cats , Am. J. Physiol. 116:252-261, 1936. 8. Bunch, C. C.: Age Variations in Auditory Acuity , Arch. Otolaryng. 9:625-636, 1929.Crossref 9. Cardwell, V. E.: Cerebral Palsy: Advances in Understanding and Care , New York, Association for the Aid of Crippled Children, 1956. 10. Carmichael, E.; Dix, M., and Hallpike, C.: Pathology, Symptomatology, and Diagnosis of Organic Affections of the 8th Nerve System , Brit. M. Bull. 12:146-152, 1956. 11. Cruickshank, W. M., and Raus, G. M., Editors: Cerebral Palsy: Its Individual and Community Problems , Syracuse, Syracuse University Press, 1955. 12. Dandy, W. E.: Nerve Deafness of Known Pathology or Etiology; from Central or Cortical Lesions , Laryngoscope 47:594-597, 1937.Crossref 13. Drury, D. W.: Aural Acuity and Brain Lesions: Audiometric Studies , Tr. Am. Otol. Soc. 21:221-252, 1931. 14. Eisenson, J.: Aphasics: Observations and Tentative Conclusions , J. Speech & Hearing Disorders 12:291-292, 1947. 15. Fox, J. C., Jr., and German, W. J.: Observations Following Left (Dominant) Temporal Lobectomy , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 33:791-806, 1935. 16. Goldstein, K.: Aftereffects of Brain Injuries in War , New York, Grune & Stratton, Inc., 1942. 17. Goldstein, K.: Language and Language Disturbances , New York: Grune & Stratton, Inc., 1948. 18. Hardy, W.: Hearing Impairment in Cerebral Palsy Children , Cer. Palsy Rev. 14:3-7, 1953. 19. Hirsh, I. J.: The Measurement of Hearing , New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc., 1952. 20. Machle, W.: Effects of Gun Blasts on Hearing , Arch. Otolaryng. 42:164-168, 1945. 21. Nielsen, J. M.: Agnosia, Apraxia, Aphasia , Ed. 2, New York, Paul B. Hoeber, Inc., 1946. 22. Ogden, F. W.: Effect of Gunfire upon Auditory Acuity for Pure Tones and the Efficacy of Earplugs as Protectors , Laryngoscope 60:993-1012, 1950. 23. Rutherford, B. R.: Hearing Loss in Cerebral Palsied Children , J. Speech Disorders 10:237-240, 1945. 24. Saltzman, M.: Clinical Audiology , New York: Grune & Stratton, Inc., 1949. 25. Schuell, H.: Auditory Impairment in Aphasia , J. Speech & Hearing Disorders 18:14-21, 1953. 26. Shontz, F. C.: Body Concept Disturbances of Patients with Hemiplegia , J. Clin. Psychol. 12:293-295, 1956. 27. Siegel, S.: Nonparametric Statistics , New York, McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc., 1956. 28. Steinberg, J. C.; Montgomery, N. C., and Gardner, M. B.: Results of the Worlds Fair Hearing Test , J. Acoust. Soc. America 12:291-301, 1940. 29. Street, B. S.: Hearing Loss in Aphasia , J. Speech & Hearing Disorders 22:60-67, 1957. 30. Walker, H. M., and Lev, J.: Statistical Inference , New York, Henry Holt & Company, Inc., 1954. 31. Webster, J. C.; Hines, H. W., and Lichtenstein, M.: San Diego County Fair Hearing Survey , J. Acoust. Soc. America 22:473-483, 1950. 32. Wepman, J. M.: Recovery from Aphasia , New York, The Ronald Press Company, 1951. 33. Winchester, R. A., and Hartman, B. T.: Auditory Dedifferentiation in the Dysphasic , J. Speech & Hearing Disorders 20:178-182, 1955. 34. Ziegler, D. K.: Word Deafness and Wernicke's Aphasia , A. M. A. Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 67:323-331, 1952.

Journal

A.M.A. Archives of OtolaryngologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Apr 1, 1958

References