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A New Concept of Malignant Glaucoma

A New Concept of Malignant Glaucoma Abstract Several cases of malignant glaucoma are presented and a new concept is suggested from these cases and a review of the literature. Malignant glaucoma is redefined as a distinct type of angle closure with a forward movement of the lens and a direct closure of the angle occurring with or without glaucoma surgery. The term direct lens block angle closure is suggested to differentiate it from the more common pupillary block angle closure mechanism. The two types share common factors in their pathogenesis with the essential difference determined by the degree of the forward movement of the lens. The clinical differentiation between the two types of angle closure before surgery is discussed. References 1. Von Graefe A: Beitrage Zur Pathologie und Therapie des Glaukoms . Graefe Arch Ophthal 15:108-252, 1869.Crossref 2. Chandler PA, Grant WM: Lectures on Glaucoma . Philadelphia, Lea & Febiger, 1965. 3. Shaffer R: Role of vitreous detachment in aphakia and malignant glaucoma . Trans Amer Acad Ophthal Otolaryng 58:217-231, 1954. 4. Chandler PA, Grant WM: Mydriatic-cycloplegic treatment in malignant glaucoma . Arch Ophthal 68:353-359, 1962.Crossref 5. Chandler PA, Simmons RJ, Grant WM: Malignant glaucoma: Medical and surgical treatment . Amer J Ophthal 66:495-502, 1968. 6. Lowe RF: New instruments for measuring anterior chamber depth and corneal thickness . Amer J Ophthal 62:7-11, 1966. 7. Roger J: Le Glaucome Malin, thesis. Paris, 1964. 8. Rieser JC, Schwartz B: Malignant glaucoma. Read before the 120th annual convention of the American Medical Association, Atlantic City, NJ, 1971. 9. Offret G: Table Rond Sur le Glaucome Malin, May, 1964 . Clin Ophthal 1:36-67, 1965. 10. Bleeker GM: Variation in the depth of the anterior chamber and intraocular pressure . Amer J Ophthal 55:964-983, 1963. 11. Barkan O: Narrow angle glaucoma: Pupillary block and the narrow-angle mechanism . Amer J Ophthal 37:332-350, 1954. 12. Wilkie J, Drance S, Schulzer M: The effect of miotics on anterior-chamber depth of the eye . Arch Ophthal 68:78-83, 1969. 13. Gorin G: Angle-closure glaucoma induced by miotics . Amer J Ophthal 62:1063-1067, 1966. 14. Becker B, Shaffer R: Diagnosis and Therapy of the Glaucomas . St. Louis, CV Mosby, 1965. 15. Brégeat P, Hamard H: Le Glaucome Malin . Année Ther Clin Ophthal 18:173-198, 1967. 16. Pillat A: Zur Frage und Präoperativen Diagnose Des Glaucoma Malignum . Öst Ophthal Ges 1967, pp 147-155. 17. Legrand J: Resultats Therapeutiques Du Glaucome Malin . Bull Soc Franc Ophthal 81:704-727, 1968. 18. Weiss DI, Shaffer RN, Harrington DO: Treatment of malignant glaucoma with intravenous mannitol infusion . Arch Ophthal 69:154-158, 1963.Crossref 19. Bleeker GM: Evaluation of three methods of recording the anterior chamber depth of the eye . Arch Ophthal 65:369-374, 1961.Crossref 20. Lippas J: Mechanics and treatment of malignant glaucoma . Amer J Ophthal 57:620-627, 1964. 21. Etienne R: Le Glaucome Malin . Ann Oculist 199:1121-1128, 1966. 22. Sugar HS: Progress in filtration surgery . An Instituto Barraquer 9:501-512, 1969. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Ophthalmology American Medical Association

A New Concept of Malignant Glaucoma

Archives of Ophthalmology , Volume 87 (5) – May 1, 1972

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1972 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-9950
eISSN
1538-3687
DOI
10.1001/archopht.1972.01000020499002
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract Several cases of malignant glaucoma are presented and a new concept is suggested from these cases and a review of the literature. Malignant glaucoma is redefined as a distinct type of angle closure with a forward movement of the lens and a direct closure of the angle occurring with or without glaucoma surgery. The term direct lens block angle closure is suggested to differentiate it from the more common pupillary block angle closure mechanism. The two types share common factors in their pathogenesis with the essential difference determined by the degree of the forward movement of the lens. The clinical differentiation between the two types of angle closure before surgery is discussed. References 1. Von Graefe A: Beitrage Zur Pathologie und Therapie des Glaukoms . Graefe Arch Ophthal 15:108-252, 1869.Crossref 2. Chandler PA, Grant WM: Lectures on Glaucoma . Philadelphia, Lea & Febiger, 1965. 3. Shaffer R: Role of vitreous detachment in aphakia and malignant glaucoma . Trans Amer Acad Ophthal Otolaryng 58:217-231, 1954. 4. Chandler PA, Grant WM: Mydriatic-cycloplegic treatment in malignant glaucoma . Arch Ophthal 68:353-359, 1962.Crossref 5. Chandler PA, Simmons RJ, Grant WM: Malignant glaucoma: Medical and surgical treatment . Amer J Ophthal 66:495-502, 1968. 6. Lowe RF: New instruments for measuring anterior chamber depth and corneal thickness . Amer J Ophthal 62:7-11, 1966. 7. Roger J: Le Glaucome Malin, thesis. Paris, 1964. 8. Rieser JC, Schwartz B: Malignant glaucoma. Read before the 120th annual convention of the American Medical Association, Atlantic City, NJ, 1971. 9. Offret G: Table Rond Sur le Glaucome Malin, May, 1964 . Clin Ophthal 1:36-67, 1965. 10. Bleeker GM: Variation in the depth of the anterior chamber and intraocular pressure . Amer J Ophthal 55:964-983, 1963. 11. Barkan O: Narrow angle glaucoma: Pupillary block and the narrow-angle mechanism . Amer J Ophthal 37:332-350, 1954. 12. Wilkie J, Drance S, Schulzer M: The effect of miotics on anterior-chamber depth of the eye . Arch Ophthal 68:78-83, 1969. 13. Gorin G: Angle-closure glaucoma induced by miotics . Amer J Ophthal 62:1063-1067, 1966. 14. Becker B, Shaffer R: Diagnosis and Therapy of the Glaucomas . St. Louis, CV Mosby, 1965. 15. Brégeat P, Hamard H: Le Glaucome Malin . Année Ther Clin Ophthal 18:173-198, 1967. 16. Pillat A: Zur Frage und Präoperativen Diagnose Des Glaucoma Malignum . Öst Ophthal Ges 1967, pp 147-155. 17. Legrand J: Resultats Therapeutiques Du Glaucome Malin . Bull Soc Franc Ophthal 81:704-727, 1968. 18. Weiss DI, Shaffer RN, Harrington DO: Treatment of malignant glaucoma with intravenous mannitol infusion . Arch Ophthal 69:154-158, 1963.Crossref 19. Bleeker GM: Evaluation of three methods of recording the anterior chamber depth of the eye . Arch Ophthal 65:369-374, 1961.Crossref 20. Lippas J: Mechanics and treatment of malignant glaucoma . Amer J Ophthal 57:620-627, 1964. 21. Etienne R: Le Glaucome Malin . Ann Oculist 199:1121-1128, 1966. 22. Sugar HS: Progress in filtration surgery . An Instituto Barraquer 9:501-512, 1969.

Journal

Archives of OphthalmologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: May 1, 1972

References