Abstract A full-field system is described for recording the human electroretinogram (ERG). The full-field stimulus and background minimize the problem of stimulation of large areas of the retina by stray light. Normal responses are illustrated under stabilized conditions of adaptation to single flashes of white light, as well as short wavelength and long wavelength light stimuli matched in brightness for the cone and rod systems, respectively. In this system, measurement of the temporal aspects of the ERG not only helps to establish diagnoses, but also provides information about visual prognosis in patients with hereditary retinal disease. References 1. Berson EL, Gouras PL, Gunkel R: Rod responses in retinitis pigmentosa, dominantly inherited . Arch Ophthalmol 80:58-67, 1968.Crossref 2. Berson EL, et al: Rod and cone responses in sex-linked retinitis pigmentosa . Arch Ophthalmol 81:215-225, 1969.Crossref 3. Berson EL, et al: Dominant retinitis pigmentosa with reduced penetrance . Arch Ophthalmol 81:226-234, 1969.Crossref 4. Berson EL, Kanters L: Cone and rod responses in a family with recessively inherited retinitis pigmentosa . Arch Ophthalmol 84:288-297, 1970.Crossref 5. Berson EL: Retinitis pigmentosa, the electroretinogram, and Mendel's laws . Trans Pa Acad Ophthalmol Otolaryngol 26:109-113, 1973. 6. Berson EL: Electroretinographic testing as an aid in determining visual prognosis in families with hereditary retinal degenerations. Proceedings of the Retina Society and the 25th Anniversary Congress of the Retina Service, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston, September 1972, in The Retina Congress. New York, Appleton-Century-Crofts, Inc, to be published. 7. Berson EL, Gouras P, Hoff M: Temporal aspects of the electroretinogram Arch Ophthalmol 81:207-214, 1969.Crossref 8. Berson EL, Howard MJ: Temporal aspects of the electroretinogram in sector retinitis pigmentosa . Arch Ophthalmol 86:653-665, 1971.Crossref 9. Hill D, Arbel KF, Berson EL: Cone electroretinograms in congenital nyctalopia with myopia. Am J Ophthalmol, to be published. 10. Fry GA, Bartely SH: The relation of stray light in the eye to the retinal action potential . Am J Physiol 111:335-340, 1935. 11. Asher H: The electroretinogram of the blind spot . J Physiol 112:40, 1951. 12. Boynton RM, Riggs LA: The effect of stimulus area and intensity upon the human retinal response . J Exp Psychol 42:217-226, 1951.Crossref 13. Johnson EP: The character of the b-wave in the human electroretinogram . Arch Ophthalmol 60:565-590, 1958.Crossref 14. Gouras P: Electroretinography: Some basic principles . Invest Ophthalmol 9:557-569, 1970. 15. Finklestein D, Gouras P, Hoff M: Human electroretinogram near the absolute threshold of vision . Invest Ophthalmol 7:214-218, 1968. 16. Gouras P: Visual adaptation: Its mechanism . Science 157:583-584, 1967.Crossref 17. Lawhill T, Burian HM: A modification of the Burian-Allen contact lens electrode for human electroretinography . Am J Ophthalmol 61:1506, 1966. 18. Jacobson JH, Gestring GF: A contribution toward the standardization of clinical electroretinographic equipment . Am J Ophthalmol 48( (pt 2) ):517-528, 1959. 19. Berson EL, Gouras P, Gunkel R: Progressive cone-rod degeneration . Arch Ophthalmol 80:68-76, 1968.Crossref 20. Berson EL, Gouras P, Gunkel R: Progressive cone degeneration, dominantly inherited . Arch Ophthalmol 80:77-83, 1968.Crossref 21. Brunette JR: A standardizable method for separating rod and cone responses in clinical electroretinography . Am J Ophthalmol 75:833-845, 1973.
Archives of Ophthalmology – American Medical Association
Published: Jul 1, 1974
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