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A Direct Approach to Cochlear Anatomy and Pathology in Man

A Direct Approach to Cochlear Anatomy and Pathology in Man Abstract OUR PRESENT understanding of the complex and beautiful structure of the human inner ear is based upon the labors of more than one generation of outstanding 19th-century microscopists, many of them having names that are now firmly attached to one or another type of cochlear cell. Although the great Stockholm histologist Gustaf Retzius1,2 is no longer closely identified with any specific cochlear structure, it is he who has given us the most detailed graphic representation of the cytoarchitecture of Corti's organ in man. Of the 39 remarkable plates that illustrate the second volume of his incomparable work, Das Gehörorgan der Wirbelthiere (1884), the last seven are devoted to his drawings of the human ear, representing a rich variety of dissections of the entire membranous labyrinth and its various parts, cross sections of the cochlear duct, and longitudinal or surface preparations of the organ of Corti of fetus, infant, child, References 1. Retzius, G.: Die Gestalt des membranösen Gehörorgans des Menschen , Biol Unters 2:1-32, 1882. 2. Retzius, G.: Das Gehörorgan der Wirbelthiere: II. Das Gehörogan der Reptilien, der Vögel, und der Säugethiere , Stockholm: Samson and Wallin, 1884. 3. Spee, F. Graf von: Mitteilungen zur Histologie des Corti'schen Organs in der Gehörschnecke des erwachsenen Menschen , Verh Anat Ges , 1901. 4. Held, H.: " Die Cochlea der Säuger und der Vögel, ihre Entwicklung und ihr Bau ," in A. Bethe: Handbuch der Normalen und Pathologischen Physiologie, Receptionsorgane I, Berlin: J. Springer Verlag, vol 11, 1926, pp 467-534. 5. Kolmer, W.: Histologische Studien am Labyrinth, mit besonderer Berücksichtigung des Menschen, der Affen, und der Halbaffen , Arch Mikrosk Anat Entwicklungsgesch 74:259-310, 1909.Crossref 6. Neubert, K.: Die Basilarmembran des Menschen und ihr Verankerungs-system , Z Anat Entwicklungsgesch 114:539-588, 1950. 7. Vinnikov, Y.A., and Titova, L.K.: The Organ of Corti: Its Histophysiology and Histochemistry , New York: Consultants Bureau, 1964. 8. Engström, H.; Ades, H.W.; and Hawkins, J.E., Jr.: Structure and Functions of the Sensory Hairs of the Inner Ear , J Acoust Soc Amer 34:1356-1363, 1962.Crossref 9. Hawkins, J.E., Jr., and Engström, H.: Effect of Kanamycin on Cochlear Cytoarchitecture , Acta Otolaryng , (suppl 188) , pp 100-107, 1964. 10. Engström, H., and Kohonen, A.: Cochlear Damage From Ototoxic Antibiotics , Acta Otolaryng 59:171-178, 1965.Crossref 11. Kohonen, A.: Effect of Some Ototoxic Drugs Upon the Pattern and Innervation of Cochlear Sensory Cells in the Guinea Pig , Acta Otolaryng , (suppl 208) , 1965. 12. Hawkins, J. E., Jr.: Cytoarchitectural Basis of the Cochlear Transducer , Sympos Quant Biol 30:147-157, 1965.Crossref 13. Hawkins, J.E., Jr.; Beger, V.; and Aran, J-M.: Antibiotic Insults to Corti's Organ , in Graham, A.B.: (ed.): Sensorineural Hearing Processes and Disorders , Boston: Little, Brown, and Co., to be published. 14. Bredberg, G.; Engström, H.; and Ades, H.W.: Cellular Pattern and Nerve Supply of the Human Organ of Corti , Arch Otolaryng 82:462-469, 1965.Crossref 15. Schuknecht, H.F.: Technique for Acquiring and Preparing Human Temporal Bones for the Study of Middle and Inner Ear Pathology , Trans Amer Acad Ophthal Otolaryng 63:684-692, 1959. 16. Ward, P.H., and Lindsay, J.R.: Technique for Acquiring and Preparing Human Temporal Bones for the Study of Middle and Inner Ear Pathology , Trans Amer Acad Ophthal Otolaryng 68:345-350, 1964. 17. Kimura, R.S.; Schuknecht, H.F.; and Sando, I.: Fine Morphology of the Sensory Cells in the Organ of Corti of Man , Arch Otolaryng 58:390-408, 1964.Crossref 18. Millonig, G.: Further Observations on a Phosphate Buffer for Osmic Solutions , in Electron Microscopy: Proceedings Fifth International Congress Electron Microscopy New York: Academic Press, 1962, vol 2, p P-8. 19. Békésy, G. von: Experiments in Hearing , New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc., 1960. 20. Gacek, R.R.: The Efferent Cochlear Bundle in Man , Arch Otolaryng 74:690-694, 1961.Crossref 21. Nomura, Y., and Schuknecht, H.F.: The Efferent Fibers in the Cochlea , Ann Otol 74:289-302, 1965. 22. Du Verney, G.J.: Traité de l'organe de l'ouïe , Paris: E. Michallet, 1683. 23. Helmholtz, H.L.F.: On the Sensations of Tone , A. J. Ellis (trans), New York: Dover Publications, Inc., 1954. 24. Fernández, C.: Postmortem Changes and Artifacts in Human Temporal Bones , Laryngoscope 68:1586-1615, 1958.Crossref 25. Katsuki, Y., and Covell, W.: The Organ of Corti by Phase-Contrast Microscopy , Laryngoscope 63:1-17, 1953.Crossref http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Otolaryngology American Medical Association

A Direct Approach to Cochlear Anatomy and Pathology in Man

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1967 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-9977
DOI
10.1001/archotol.1967.00760040601005
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract OUR PRESENT understanding of the complex and beautiful structure of the human inner ear is based upon the labors of more than one generation of outstanding 19th-century microscopists, many of them having names that are now firmly attached to one or another type of cochlear cell. Although the great Stockholm histologist Gustaf Retzius1,2 is no longer closely identified with any specific cochlear structure, it is he who has given us the most detailed graphic representation of the cytoarchitecture of Corti's organ in man. Of the 39 remarkable plates that illustrate the second volume of his incomparable work, Das Gehörorgan der Wirbelthiere (1884), the last seven are devoted to his drawings of the human ear, representing a rich variety of dissections of the entire membranous labyrinth and its various parts, cross sections of the cochlear duct, and longitudinal or surface preparations of the organ of Corti of fetus, infant, child, References 1. Retzius, G.: Die Gestalt des membranösen Gehörorgans des Menschen , Biol Unters 2:1-32, 1882. 2. Retzius, G.: Das Gehörorgan der Wirbelthiere: II. Das Gehörogan der Reptilien, der Vögel, und der Säugethiere , Stockholm: Samson and Wallin, 1884. 3. Spee, F. Graf von: Mitteilungen zur Histologie des Corti'schen Organs in der Gehörschnecke des erwachsenen Menschen , Verh Anat Ges , 1901. 4. Held, H.: " Die Cochlea der Säuger und der Vögel, ihre Entwicklung und ihr Bau ," in A. Bethe: Handbuch der Normalen und Pathologischen Physiologie, Receptionsorgane I, Berlin: J. Springer Verlag, vol 11, 1926, pp 467-534. 5. Kolmer, W.: Histologische Studien am Labyrinth, mit besonderer Berücksichtigung des Menschen, der Affen, und der Halbaffen , Arch Mikrosk Anat Entwicklungsgesch 74:259-310, 1909.Crossref 6. Neubert, K.: Die Basilarmembran des Menschen und ihr Verankerungs-system , Z Anat Entwicklungsgesch 114:539-588, 1950. 7. Vinnikov, Y.A., and Titova, L.K.: The Organ of Corti: Its Histophysiology and Histochemistry , New York: Consultants Bureau, 1964. 8. Engström, H.; Ades, H.W.; and Hawkins, J.E., Jr.: Structure and Functions of the Sensory Hairs of the Inner Ear , J Acoust Soc Amer 34:1356-1363, 1962.Crossref 9. Hawkins, J.E., Jr., and Engström, H.: Effect of Kanamycin on Cochlear Cytoarchitecture , Acta Otolaryng , (suppl 188) , pp 100-107, 1964. 10. Engström, H., and Kohonen, A.: Cochlear Damage From Ototoxic Antibiotics , Acta Otolaryng 59:171-178, 1965.Crossref 11. Kohonen, A.: Effect of Some Ototoxic Drugs Upon the Pattern and Innervation of Cochlear Sensory Cells in the Guinea Pig , Acta Otolaryng , (suppl 208) , 1965. 12. Hawkins, J. E., Jr.: Cytoarchitectural Basis of the Cochlear Transducer , Sympos Quant Biol 30:147-157, 1965.Crossref 13. Hawkins, J.E., Jr.; Beger, V.; and Aran, J-M.: Antibiotic Insults to Corti's Organ , in Graham, A.B.: (ed.): Sensorineural Hearing Processes and Disorders , Boston: Little, Brown, and Co., to be published. 14. Bredberg, G.; Engström, H.; and Ades, H.W.: Cellular Pattern and Nerve Supply of the Human Organ of Corti , Arch Otolaryng 82:462-469, 1965.Crossref 15. Schuknecht, H.F.: Technique for Acquiring and Preparing Human Temporal Bones for the Study of Middle and Inner Ear Pathology , Trans Amer Acad Ophthal Otolaryng 63:684-692, 1959. 16. Ward, P.H., and Lindsay, J.R.: Technique for Acquiring and Preparing Human Temporal Bones for the Study of Middle and Inner Ear Pathology , Trans Amer Acad Ophthal Otolaryng 68:345-350, 1964. 17. Kimura, R.S.; Schuknecht, H.F.; and Sando, I.: Fine Morphology of the Sensory Cells in the Organ of Corti of Man , Arch Otolaryng 58:390-408, 1964.Crossref 18. Millonig, G.: Further Observations on a Phosphate Buffer for Osmic Solutions , in Electron Microscopy: Proceedings Fifth International Congress Electron Microscopy New York: Academic Press, 1962, vol 2, p P-8. 19. Békésy, G. von: Experiments in Hearing , New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc., 1960. 20. Gacek, R.R.: The Efferent Cochlear Bundle in Man , Arch Otolaryng 74:690-694, 1961.Crossref 21. Nomura, Y., and Schuknecht, H.F.: The Efferent Fibers in the Cochlea , Ann Otol 74:289-302, 1965. 22. Du Verney, G.J.: Traité de l'organe de l'ouïe , Paris: E. Michallet, 1683. 23. Helmholtz, H.L.F.: On the Sensations of Tone , A. J. Ellis (trans), New York: Dover Publications, Inc., 1954. 24. Fernández, C.: Postmortem Changes and Artifacts in Human Temporal Bones , Laryngoscope 68:1586-1615, 1958.Crossref 25. Katsuki, Y., and Covell, W.: The Organ of Corti by Phase-Contrast Microscopy , Laryngoscope 63:1-17, 1953.Crossref

Journal

Archives of OtolaryngologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Jun 1, 1967

References