Abstract • We undertook a blind family history study of Briquet's syndrome to complement earlier follow-up work by Perley and Guze. The same criteria were used in a chart review to select 49 Briquet's syndrome cases. One control group consisted of consecutive "non-Briquet hysteria" admissions and another of matched primary unipolar depressed cases. First-degree relatives of the Briquet's syndrome probands had significantly less affective disorder and more "complicated medical history" then either control group. The "non-Briquet hysteria" group contained more family histories with instances of schizophrenia than either the Briquet's syndrome or affective disorder groups. These results provide additional validation of the Briquet's syndrome diagnosis. References 1. Robins E, Guze SB: Establishment of diagnostic validity in psychiatric illness: Its application to schizophrenia . Am J Psychiatry 126:7, 1970. 2. Perley MJ, Guze SB: Hysteria—the stability and usefulness of clinical criteria . New Engl J Med 266:421-426, 1962.Crossref 3. Ziegler DK, Paul N: On the natural history of hysteria in women . Dis Nerv Syst 15:301-306, 1954. 4. Slater ETO, Glithero E: A follow-up of patients diagnosed as suffering from "hysteria." J Psychosom Res 9:9-13, 1965.Crossref 5. Helzer JE, Clayton PJ, Pambakian R, et al: Reliability of psychiatric diagnosis: II. The test/retest reliability of diagnostic classification . Arch Gen Psychiatry 34:136-141, 1977.Crossref 6. Spitzer RL, Endicott J, Robins E: Research diagnostic criteria: Rationale and reliability . Arch Gen Psychiatry 35:773-782, 1978.Crossref 7. Spitzer RI, Fleiss TL: A reanalysis of the reliability of psychiatric diagnosis . Br J Psychiatry 125:341-347, 1974.Crossref 8. Woerner PI, Guze SB: A family and marital study of hysteria . Br J Psychiatry 114:161-168, 1968.Crossref 9. Arkonac 0, Guze SB: A family study of hysteria . N Engl J Med 268:239-242, 1963.Crossref 10. Ljungberg L: Hysteria: A clinical prognostic and genetic study, excerpted . Acta Psychiatr Neurol Scand 32( (suppl 112) ), 1957. 11. Slater E: The 35th Mosley lecture: "Hysteria 311." J Ment Sci 107:359-381, 1961. 12. Winokur G, Morrison J, Clancy J, et al: The Iowa 500: II. A blind family history comparison of mania, depression, and schizophrenia . Arch Gen Psychiatry 27:462-464, 1972.Crossref 13. Tsuang MT: A combined thirty-five year follow-up and family study of schizophrenia and first degree primary affective disorder: Sample selection, methodology and field follow-up and preliminary mortality rates , in Straus TS (ed): The Origins and Course of Psychopathology . New York, Plenum Publishing Corp, 1977, pp 61-78. 14. Feighner JP, Robins E, Guze SB, et al: Diagnostic criteria for use in psychiatric research . Arch Gen Psychiatry 26:57-63, 1972.Crossref 15. Slater E: Psychotic and neurotic illnesses in twins. Medical Research Council Special Report Series No. 278. London, Her Majesty's Stationary Office, 1953. 16. Winokur G, Clayton PJ, Reich T: Manic Depressive Illness . St Louis, Mo, CV Mosby Co, 1969. 17. Amark C: A study in alcoholism . Acta Psychiatr Neurol Scand , suppl 70:86, 1951. 18. Coryell W, Tsuang MT: Should "non-Feighner schizophrenia" be classified with affective disorder? J Affect Dis 1:3-8, 1979.Crossref 19. Fowler RC, Tsuang MT, Kronfol Z, et al: Depressives at low and high risks for suicide. Read before the 1977 World Congress of Psychiatry, Honolulu, Hawaii, 1977. 20. Winokur G: Familial (genetic) subtypes of pure depressive disease . Am J Psychiatry , to be published. 21. Andreasen NC, Endicott J, Spitzer RL, et al: Family history method using diagnostic criteria . Arch Gen Psychiatry 34:1229, 1977.Crossref 22. Slater E: Diagnosis of "hysteria." Br Med J 1:1395-1399, 1965.Crossref
Archives of General Psychiatry – American Medical Association
Published: Nov 1, 1980
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