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Comment on “Common Origin of Brachiocephalic and Left Common Carotid Arteries: Proposal of New Terminology”

Comment on “Common Origin of Brachiocephalic and Left Common Carotid Arteries: Proposal of New... LETTERS Commenton“CommonOriginofBrachiocephalicandLeft CommonCarotidArteries:ProposalofNewTerminology” e read with interest the letter “Common Origin of Brachio- tery combined with a variation in the development of the right Wcephalic and Left Common Carotid Arteries: Proposal of subclavian artery, in which the right subclavian artery, instead of New Terminology.” The authors describe the variations in the originating from the brachiocephalic trunk, takes its origin from a origins of arch vessels, including the common origin of the bra- bulbous dilation from the proximal descending thoracic aorta. chiocephalic trunk and left common carotid artery, and propose a This is due to the involution of the embryonic right fourth aortic new terminology. arch and persistence of the embryonic proximal right dorsal aorta The most common variation in aortic arch branching seen is and seventh intersegmental artery. The bulbous dilation of the the common origin of brachiocephalic trunk and left common embryonic proximal right dorsal aortic component is called the carotid artery commonly called the “bovine arch.” The bovine Kommerell diverticulum. arch (in cattle) bears no resemblance to this branching pattern Finally, the authors propose a new terminology for the com- described in humans. The aortic arch in cattle gives rise to a large mon origin: “brachio-bicephalic trunk” for its brevity and ana- trunk, which gives off a bicarotid trunk and both subclavian ar- tomic correctness. The term “bicephalic” in Latin means having 2 teries. The embryologic basis of variations in aortic arch branch- heads. Hence, we think that the term “brachio-bicarotid trunk” ing in humans can be explained by the aberrations in the 6 em- may be more appropriate for describing this pattern of aortic arch bryonic aortic arches. The true bovine aortic arch in humans, branching. which presents a common trunk further branching into the bilat- eral carotid and subclavian arteries, can be explained by the per- REFERENCES sistence of the embryonic fifth aortic arch along with involution of 1. Tawfik AM, Sobh DM, Batouty NM. Common origin of brachioce- the embryonic fourth aortic arch distal to the left subclavian ar- phalic and left common carotid arteries: proposal of new terminol- 3,4 tery. The common origin of the brachiocephalic trunk and the ogy. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2018;39:E86–87 CrossRef Medline left common carotid artery (erroneously called the “false bovine 2. Budras KD, Habel RE. Thoracic cavity. In: Budras KD, Habel RE. Mu¨lling CK, et al. Bovine Anatomy: An Illustrated Text. Hanover: aortic arch”) results from the involution of the embryonic fourth Schlutersche; 2003:62–65 aortic arch between the left common carotid artery and the left 3. Layton KF, Kallmes DF, Cloft HJ, et al. Bovine aortic arch variant in subclavian artery with a persistent embryonic fifth aortic arch. humans: clarification of a common misnomer. AJNR Am J Neurora- The second most common variation of aortic arch branching diol 2006;27:1541–42 Medline in our Indian population is a separate origin of the left verte- 4. Naimo PS, Vazquez-Alvarez MC, d’Udekem Y, et al. Double-lumen aortic arch: persistence of the fifth aortic arch. Ann Thorac Surg 2016; bral artery from the aortic arch, which can also be described as 101:e155–56 CrossRef Medline a 4-vessel origin from the aortic arch. 5. Kommerell B. Verlagerung des Osophagus durch eine abnorm ver- The reverse pattern of a common origin of the brachiocephalic laufende Arteria subclavia dextra (arteria lusoria). Fortschr Geb Ront- trunk and left common carotid artery may be seen in patients with genstr Nuklearmed Erganyungsband 1936;54:590–95 a right aortic arch in whom there may be a common origin of left 6. American Heritage Publishing Company. American Heritage Diction- ary of the English Language. 5th ed. Boston: Houghton Mifflin; 2016 brachiocephalic trunk and right common carotid artery. This is a 7. Szpinda M. Morphometric study of the brachiobicarotid trunk in commonly seen association in patients with tetralogy of Fallot human fetuses. Ann Anat 2007;189:569–74 Medline with a right aortic arch. The bicarotid trunk is basically a common X R. Rajagopal origin of the brachiocephalic trunk and left common carotid ar- X S. Sharma Department of Cardiovascular Radiology and Endovascular Interventions All India Institute of Medical Sciences http://dx.doi.org/10.3174/ajnr.A5761 New Delhi, India AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 39:E105 Oct 2018 www.ajnr.org E105 http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png American Journal of Neuroradiology American Journal of Neuroradiology

Comment on “Common Origin of Brachiocephalic and Left Common Carotid Arteries: Proposal of New Terminology”

American Journal of Neuroradiology , Volume 39 (10) – Oct 1, 2018

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Publisher
American Journal of Neuroradiology
ISSN
0195-6108
eISSN
1936-959X
DOI
10.3174/ajnr.A5761
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Abstract

LETTERS Commenton“CommonOriginofBrachiocephalicandLeft CommonCarotidArteries:ProposalofNewTerminology” e read with interest the letter “Common Origin of Brachio- tery combined with a variation in the development of the right Wcephalic and Left Common Carotid Arteries: Proposal of subclavian artery, in which the right subclavian artery, instead of New Terminology.” The authors describe the variations in the originating from the brachiocephalic trunk, takes its origin from a origins of arch vessels, including the common origin of the bra- bulbous dilation from the proximal descending thoracic aorta. chiocephalic trunk and left common carotid artery, and propose a This is due to the involution of the embryonic right fourth aortic new terminology. arch and persistence of the embryonic proximal right dorsal aorta The most common variation in aortic arch branching seen is and seventh intersegmental artery. The bulbous dilation of the the common origin of brachiocephalic trunk and left common embryonic proximal right dorsal aortic component is called the carotid artery commonly called the “bovine arch.” The bovine Kommerell diverticulum. arch (in cattle) bears no resemblance to this branching pattern Finally, the authors propose a new terminology for the com- described in humans. The aortic arch in cattle gives rise to a large mon origin: “brachio-bicephalic trunk” for its brevity and ana- trunk, which gives off a bicarotid trunk and both subclavian ar- tomic correctness. The term “bicephalic” in Latin means having 2 teries. The embryologic basis of variations in aortic arch branch- heads. Hence, we think that the term “brachio-bicarotid trunk” ing in humans can be explained by the aberrations in the 6 em- may be more appropriate for describing this pattern of aortic arch bryonic aortic arches. The true bovine aortic arch in humans, branching. which presents a common trunk further branching into the bilat- eral carotid and subclavian arteries, can be explained by the per- REFERENCES sistence of the embryonic fifth aortic arch along with involution of 1. Tawfik AM, Sobh DM, Batouty NM. Common origin of brachioce- the embryonic fourth aortic arch distal to the left subclavian ar- phalic and left common carotid arteries: proposal of new terminol- 3,4 tery. The common origin of the brachiocephalic trunk and the ogy. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2018;39:E86–87 CrossRef Medline left common carotid artery (erroneously called the “false bovine 2. Budras KD, Habel RE. Thoracic cavity. In: Budras KD, Habel RE. Mu¨lling CK, et al. Bovine Anatomy: An Illustrated Text. Hanover: aortic arch”) results from the involution of the embryonic fourth Schlutersche; 2003:62–65 aortic arch between the left common carotid artery and the left 3. Layton KF, Kallmes DF, Cloft HJ, et al. Bovine aortic arch variant in subclavian artery with a persistent embryonic fifth aortic arch. humans: clarification of a common misnomer. AJNR Am J Neurora- The second most common variation of aortic arch branching diol 2006;27:1541–42 Medline in our Indian population is a separate origin of the left verte- 4. Naimo PS, Vazquez-Alvarez MC, d’Udekem Y, et al. Double-lumen aortic arch: persistence of the fifth aortic arch. Ann Thorac Surg 2016; bral artery from the aortic arch, which can also be described as 101:e155–56 CrossRef Medline a 4-vessel origin from the aortic arch. 5. Kommerell B. Verlagerung des Osophagus durch eine abnorm ver- The reverse pattern of a common origin of the brachiocephalic laufende Arteria subclavia dextra (arteria lusoria). Fortschr Geb Ront- trunk and left common carotid artery may be seen in patients with genstr Nuklearmed Erganyungsband 1936;54:590–95 a right aortic arch in whom there may be a common origin of left 6. American Heritage Publishing Company. American Heritage Diction- ary of the English Language. 5th ed. Boston: Houghton Mifflin; 2016 brachiocephalic trunk and right common carotid artery. This is a 7. Szpinda M. Morphometric study of the brachiobicarotid trunk in commonly seen association in patients with tetralogy of Fallot human fetuses. Ann Anat 2007;189:569–74 Medline with a right aortic arch. The bicarotid trunk is basically a common X R. Rajagopal origin of the brachiocephalic trunk and left common carotid ar- X S. Sharma Department of Cardiovascular Radiology and Endovascular Interventions All India Institute of Medical Sciences http://dx.doi.org/10.3174/ajnr.A5761 New Delhi, India AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 39:E105 Oct 2018 www.ajnr.org E105

Journal

American Journal of NeuroradiologyAmerican Journal of Neuroradiology

Published: Oct 1, 2018

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