“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”

Instant Access to Thousands of Journals for just $40/month

Try 2 weeks free now

Electromagnetic solitons in fully relativistic electron-positron plasmas with finite temperature



The existence of localized structure of electromagnetic waves in relativistic electron-positron plasmas is investigated based on the pseudo-potential theory, without making any assumptions on the magnitudes of the flow velocity and temperature of the medium. The conditions for the localization of electromagnetic wave in the form of dark (dip type) soliton are found. In the small amplitude approximation, it is found that the dip becomes deeper and narrower as the temperature is raised. In low temperature T ≪ mc 2 , localized solution exists only if the equilibrium longitudinal fluid velocity (parallel to the direction of propagation) in the wave frame is larger than the classical thermal velocity T/m of the plasma. For ultra-relativistically high temperature T >> mc 2 , it is shown that dark soliton can exist if the equilibrium longitudinal velocity is larger than c/ 3 .



Physics of PlasmasAmerican Institute of Physics

Published: Jun 1, 2011

Keywords: plasma flow; plasma solitons; plasma theory; pseudopotential methods; relativistic plasmas

DOI: 10.1063/1.3603309

Free Preview of First Page

Loading next page...

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy unlimited access and
personalized recommendations from
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $40/month

Try 2 weeks free now

Explore the DeepDyve Library

How DeepDyve Works

Spend time researching, not time worrying you’re buying articles that might not be useful.

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from Springer, Elsevier, Nature, IEEE, Wiley-Blackwell and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Simple and Affordable Pricing

14-day free trial. Cancel anytime, with a 30-day money-back guarantee.

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Best Deal — 25% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 25% off!
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.

billed annually