Effect of hemodialysis on total antioxidant capacity and serum antioxidants in patients with chronic renal failure.

Effect of hemodialysis on total antioxidant capacity and serum antioxidants in patients with... Abstract Cardiovascular disease is the major cause of mortality in patients receiving hemodialysis for chronic renal failure. Increased lipid peroxidation and depletion of chain-breaking antioxidants may contribute to increased risk of atherosclerosis. We have therefore assessed the effect of a single episode of hemodialysis on antioxidant status in 22 patients and control subjects. Overall, total antioxidant capacity of serum was increased in dialysis patients, but there was a marked reduction after hemodialysis (571 +/- 31 vs 342 +/- 22 mumol/L Trolox (water-soluble vitamin E analog) equivalents, P < 0.001). The increase in total antioxidant capacity before hemodialysis was almost entirely due to relatively high serum urate. Among individual chain-breaking antioxidants, dialysis led to a decrease in urate (398 +/- 15 vs 136 +/- 12 mumol/L, P < 0.001), ascorbate (10.5 +/- 1.7 vs 5.9 +/- 1.0 mumol/L, P < 0.01), and lipid-corrected tocopherol (4.70 +/- 0.56 vs 4.26 +/- 0.39 mumol/mmol cholesterol, P < 0.05). Protein thiol groups increased after dialysis (328 +/- 16 vs 422 +/- 22 mumol/L, P < 0.001), whereas albumin remained unchanged (40.1 +/- 1.1 vs 41.0 +/- 1.6 g/L, not significant). Although total antioxidant capacity of serum is increased in hemodialysis patients, depletion of key chain-breaking antioxidants may lead to accelerated atherogenesis. © 1995 The American Association for Clinical Chemistry « Previous | Next Article » Table of Contents This Article Clinical Chemistry August 1995 vol. 41 no. 8 1135-1138 » Abstract PDF Services Email this article to a friend Alert me when this article is cited Alert me if a correction is posted Similar articles in this journal Similar articles in Web of Science Similar articles in PubMed Download to citation manager Responses No responses published Citing Articles Load citing article information Citing articles via Web of Science Citing articles via Google Scholar Google Scholar Articles by Jackson, P. Articles by Young, I. S. Search for related content PubMed PubMed citation Articles by Jackson, P. Articles by Young, I. S. Related Content Load related web page information Follow Us Clinical Chemistry Trainee Council Register Today! www.traineecouncil.org Information for Authors Submit a Manuscript Editorial Board Clinical Case Studies Clinical Chemistry Guide to Scientific Writing Journal Club Podcasts Translated Content Annual Meeting Abstracts Permissions and Reprints Advertising Copyright © 2012 by the American Association for Clinical Chemistry http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Clinical Chemistry American Association for Clinical Chemistry

Effect of hemodialysis on total antioxidant capacity and serum antioxidants in patients with chronic renal failure.

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Publisher
American Association for Clinical Chemistry
Copyright
Copyright © 1995 by the American Association for Clinical Chemistry.
ISSN
0009-9147
eISSN
1530-8561
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract Cardiovascular disease is the major cause of mortality in patients receiving hemodialysis for chronic renal failure. Increased lipid peroxidation and depletion of chain-breaking antioxidants may contribute to increased risk of atherosclerosis. We have therefore assessed the effect of a single episode of hemodialysis on antioxidant status in 22 patients and control subjects. Overall, total antioxidant capacity of serum was increased in dialysis patients, but there was a marked reduction after hemodialysis (571 +/- 31 vs 342 +/- 22 mumol/L Trolox (water-soluble vitamin E analog) equivalents, P < 0.001). The increase in total antioxidant capacity before hemodialysis was almost entirely due to relatively high serum urate. Among individual chain-breaking antioxidants, dialysis led to a decrease in urate (398 +/- 15 vs 136 +/- 12 mumol/L, P < 0.001), ascorbate (10.5 +/- 1.7 vs 5.9 +/- 1.0 mumol/L, P < 0.01), and lipid-corrected tocopherol (4.70 +/- 0.56 vs 4.26 +/- 0.39 mumol/mmol cholesterol, P < 0.05). Protein thiol groups increased after dialysis (328 +/- 16 vs 422 +/- 22 mumol/L, P < 0.001), whereas albumin remained unchanged (40.1 +/- 1.1 vs 41.0 +/- 1.6 g/L, not significant). Although total antioxidant capacity of serum is increased in hemodialysis patients, depletion of key chain-breaking antioxidants may lead to accelerated atherogenesis. © 1995 The American Association for Clinical Chemistry « Previous | Next Article » Table of Contents This Article Clinical Chemistry August 1995 vol. 41 no. 8 1135-1138 » Abstract PDF Services Email this article to a friend Alert me when this article is cited Alert me if a correction is posted Similar articles in this journal Similar articles in Web of Science Similar articles in PubMed Download to citation manager Responses No responses published Citing Articles Load citing article information Citing articles via Web of Science Citing articles via Google Scholar Google Scholar Articles by Jackson, P. Articles by Young, I. S. Search for related content PubMed PubMed citation Articles by Jackson, P. Articles by Young, I. S. Related Content Load related web page information Follow Us Clinical Chemistry Trainee Council Register Today! www.traineecouncil.org Information for Authors Submit a Manuscript Editorial Board Clinical Case Studies Clinical Chemistry Guide to Scientific Writing Journal Club Podcasts Translated Content Annual Meeting Abstracts Permissions and Reprints Advertising Copyright © 2012 by the American Association for Clinical Chemistry

Journal

Clinical ChemistryAmerican Association for Clinical Chemistry

Published: Aug 1, 1995

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