Abstract We describe the development of several hybridization assay formats involving acridinium-ester-labeled DNA probes. The simplest of these is a homogeneous assay procedure that requires only three steps to complete, including a 5-s detection step. Using this format, we have detected target sequences in the 10(-16) to 10(-17) mol range; when rRNA is the target, this translates to 3000 to 300 bacterial organisms. The entire assay can be carried out in less than 30 min. This is the first homogeneous DNA probe assay to be of practical use in the clinical laboratory, and it represents a major simplification of hybridization formats. We also demonstrate the use of this homogeneous assay format to discriminate single-base differences between two closely related target sequences and to detect DNA as well as RNA target molecules. By combining homogeneous hybrid discrimination with solid-phase separation, we have been able to decrease background readings from unhybridized probe to only a few parts per million. This enhances assay sensitivity about 10-fold, to a range of 10(-17) to 10(-18) mol of target. We are in the process of further improving the performance of these assays. © 1989 The American Association for Clinical Chemistry « Previous | Next Article » Table of Contents This Article Clinical Chemistry August 1989 vol. 35 no. 8 1588-1594 » Abstract PDF Services Email this article to a friend Alert me when this article is cited Alert me if a correction is posted Similar articles in this journal Similar articles in Web of Science Similar articles in PubMed Download to citation manager Responses No responses published Citing Articles Load citing article information Citing articles via Web of Science Citing articles via Google Scholar Google Scholar Articles by Arnold, L. J. Articles by Nelson, N. C. Search for related content PubMed PubMed citation Articles by Arnold, L. J. Articles by Nelson, N. C. Related Content Load related web page information Follow Us Clinical Chemistry Trainee Council Register Today! www.traineecouncil.org Information for Authors Submit a Manuscript Editorial Board Clinical Case Studies Clinical Chemistry Guide to Scientific Writing Journal Club Podcasts Translated Content Annual Meeting Abstracts Permissions and Reprints Advertising Copyright © 2012 by the American Association for Clinical Chemistry
Clinical Chemistry – American Association for Clinical Chemistry
Published: Aug 1, 1989
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