“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”

Instant Access to Thousands of Journals for just $40/month

Unexpected Induction of the Human Connexin 43 Promoter by the Ras Signaling Pathway Is Mediated by a Novel Putative Promoter Sequence

Abstract Connexin 43 (Cx43) is essential for survival and is tightly regulated at the transcriptional and post-transcriptional levels. A number of previous studies have demonstrated altered expression in malignant tissues, and in the presence of carcinogenic factors. We examined the effect of protooncogenes of Cx43 expression, and found no effect on Cx43 promoter activity in cells transformed with Src or erbB2. On the other hand, we identified and characterized a novel sequence that mediates Cx43 promoter regulation in cell lines engineered to overexpress H-Ras. Compared with wild-type NIH3T3 cells, both Cx43 mRNA and protein levels are increased in NIH3T3-Ras cells. The H-Ras+ cells also have enhanced Cx43 promoter activation, which is inhibited by the MEK1 inhibitor 2′-amino-3′-methoxyflavone (PD98059), suggesting that Ras-mediated Cx43 overexpression is via the mitogen activated protein kinase kinase/extracellular signal-regulated pathway. Deletion analysis of the Cx43 promoter revealed a 200-bp region downstream of the Cx43 transcription start site as the minimal sequence essential for the Ras-mediated Cx43 up-regulation. Using this 200-base pair fragment in electrophoretic mobility shift assays, we identified one main protein complex that binds efficiently and is more abundant in nuclear extracts from NIH3T3-Ras and MCF7-Ras cells compared with their matched controls. This complex selectively recognizes a consensus sequence, AGTTCAATCA, located at positions +149 to +158 of the Cx43 promoter. Supershift assays identified the 90-kDa heat shock protein (HSP90) and c-Myc as constituents of this DNA-binding complex. Treatment of cells with the HSP90 inhibitor geldanamycin resulted in repression of the Cx43 promoter activity, and inhibits binding of the complex to the Cx43 promoter. Coimmunoprecipitation studies confirmed the interaction between endogenous HSP90 and c-Myc. This study provides evidence that the transcriptional up-regulation of Cx43 by Ras-Raf-MAPK is mediated via the interaction of a novel Cx43 promoter element with a protein complex that contains both HSP90 and c-Myc. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Molecular Pharmacology Am. Soc for Pharma & Experimental Therapeutics

Unexpected Induction of the Human Connexin 43 Promoter by the Ras Signaling Pathway Is Mediated by a Novel Putative Promoter Sequence

Abstract

Abstract Connexin 43 (Cx43) is essential for survival and is tightly regulated at the transcriptional and post-transcriptional levels. A number of previous studies have demonstrated altered expression in malignant tissues, and in the presence of carcinogenic factors. We examined the effect of protooncogenes of Cx43 expression, and found no effect on Cx43 promoter activity in cells transformed with Src or erbB2. On the other hand, we identified and characterized a novel sequence that mediates Cx43 promoter regulation in cell lines engineered to overexpress H-Ras. Compared with wild-type NIH3T3 cells, both Cx43 mRNA and protein levels are increased in NIH3T3-Ras cells. The H-Ras+ cells also have enhanced Cx43 promoter activation, which is inhibited by the MEK1 inhibitor 2′-amino-3′-methoxyflavone (PD98059), suggesting that Ras-mediated Cx43 overexpression is via the mitogen activated protein kinase kinase/extracellular signal-regulated pathway. Deletion analysis of the Cx43 promoter revealed a 200-bp region downstream of the Cx43 transcription start site as the minimal sequence essential for the Ras-mediated Cx43 up-regulation. Using this 200-base pair fragment in electrophoretic mobility shift assays, we identified one main protein complex that binds efficiently and is more abundant in nuclear extracts from NIH3T3-Ras and MCF7-Ras cells compared with their matched controls. This complex selectively recognizes a consensus sequence, AGTTCAATCA, located at positions +149 to +158 of the Cx43 promoter. Supershift assays identified the 90-kDa heat shock protein (HSP90) and c-Myc as constituents of this DNA-binding complex. Treatment of cells with the HSP90 inhibitor geldanamycin resulted in repression of the Cx43 promoter activity, and inhibits binding of the complex to the Cx43 promoter. Coimmunoprecipitation studies confirmed the interaction between endogenous HSP90 and c-Myc. This study provides evidence that the transcriptional up-regulation of Cx43 by Ras-Raf-MAPK is mediated via the interaction of a novel Cx43 promoter element with a protein complex that contains both HSP90 and c-Myc.
Loading next page...
1
 
/lp/am-soc-for-pharma-experimental-therapeutics/unexpected-induction-of-the-human-connexin-43-promoter-by-the-ras-0ffO0qHfNd

Sorry, we don’t have permission to share this article on DeepDyve,
but here are related articles that you can start reading right now:

Explore the DeepDyve Library

How DeepDyve Works

Spend time researching, not time worrying you’re buying articles that might not be useful.

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from Springer, Elsevier, Nature, IEEE, Wiley-Blackwell and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Simple and Affordable Pricing

14-day free trial. Cancel anytime, with a 30-day money-back guarantee.

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches

$40/month

Best Deal — 25% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 25% off!
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.

$30/month
billed annually