Universal Investment in Infants and Long-Run Health: Evidence from Denmark’s 1937 Home Visiting Program†

Universal Investment in Infants and Long-Run Health: Evidence from Denmark’s 1937 Home Visiting... AbstractThis paper examines the long-run health effects of a universal infant health intervention, the 1937 Danish home visiting program, which targeted all infants. Using administrative population data and exploiting variation in the timing of implementation across municipalities, we find that treated individuals enjoy higher age-specific survival rates during middle age (45–64), experience fewer hospital nights, and are less likely to be diagnosed with cardiovascular disease. These results suggest that an improved nutrition and disease environment in infancy “programmed” individuals for lower predisposition to serious adult diseases. (JEL H51, I12, I18, J13, N34) http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png American Economic Journal: Applied Economics American Economic Association

Universal Investment in Infants and Long-Run Health: Evidence from Denmark’s 1937 Home Visiting Program†

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Publisher
American Economic Association
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 © American Economic Association
ISSN
1945-7790
D.O.I.
10.1257/app.20150087
Publisher site
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Abstract

AbstractThis paper examines the long-run health effects of a universal infant health intervention, the 1937 Danish home visiting program, which targeted all infants. Using administrative population data and exploiting variation in the timing of implementation across municipalities, we find that treated individuals enjoy higher age-specific survival rates during middle age (45–64), experience fewer hospital nights, and are less likely to be diagnosed with cardiovascular disease. These results suggest that an improved nutrition and disease environment in infancy “programmed” individuals for lower predisposition to serious adult diseases. (JEL H51, I12, I18, J13, N34)

Journal

American Economic Journal: Applied EconomicsAmerican Economic Association

Published: Oct 1, 2017

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