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We have reported that the region between amino acids 164 and 303 in the glycoprotein of rabies Nishigahara strain is important for lethality in adult mice. The region contains nine amino acid substitutions between the virulent Nishigahara and the avirulent RC-HL strains. In order to determine key...
Although establishment of the subgenomic replicon system has considerably facilitated genetic analysis of HCV replication, many details remain largely unknown. To initially test whether HCV replication could be affected in trans , complementation studies were conducted in which defective replicon...
Bovine papillomaviruses (BPVs) are oncogenic viruses. In cattle, BPV-1/2 is associated with urinary bladder cancer and BPV-4 with upper GI tract cancer. BPV E5 is a small hydrophobic protein localised in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and Golgi apparatus (GA). E5 is the major transforming protein...