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The Channel Tunnel, which connects the United Kingdom with France, was designed and built between 1986 and 1993 with consideration of fire and life safety at the top of the agenda. Its design was constantly monitored by a bi-National Safety Authority appointed by an Inter Governmental Commission...
The Fuzzy Multicriteria Evaluation System (FUMES) is applied on a real evaluation problem such as the Western Peripheral Motorway of Athens (WPMA). The lack of a formal development model of the study area suggested an evaluation strategy, which is characterized by the high uncertainty of the...
In this article the author is to ascertain that it is difficult to fight a big fire such as the fires in the Euro tunnel, Mont Blanc tunnel and the Tauern tunnel. The measures implemented in tunnels are all measures to retain the tunnel structure. There are no measures (or at least not enough)...
Tunneling model tests are performed in an unconsolidated ground with inclined artificial layers. In order to simulate the model ground with inclined layers, aluminum rods and aluminum blocks are used. Three kinds of formations are introduced for the inclined-layer ground, namely, the 30°...
This paper presents the global activities of the World Road Association (PIARC) in the area of fire and life safety in road tunnels. It traces the organizational structure in the form of technical committees, its publications, current activities and concludes with a summary as to the position of...
In current practice, the most frequently used quantitative parameter for the selection between a road tunnel and a surface road, is the construction cost. Other parameters that could be of interest to a decision-maker are either absent or existing in a purely qualitative form that does not lend...
After a short presentation on the Paris Transport Authority (RATP), this paper describes the evolution of the objectives of the use of the natural and mechanical ventilation system during the last 30 years. According to the different regulations and guidelines used for safety in road and rail...
As more and more tunnels have been constructed to develop new road network, through mountainous ranges or to avoid environmental problems in urban areas, safety in road tunnels has been becoming a major issue. Establishment of tunnel safety measures is the most important task for all those who...
After serious accidents, which happened in tunnels in the last few years, most countries have established ‘Task Forces’ in order to evaluate the safety of existing tunnels and to establish new safety measures. Based on two actual examples, the new safety measures are presented in this paper...
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