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Nucleic acid-based RNA detection is a promising field in molecular biotechnology that is leading to the rapid and accurate identification of microorganisms, diagnosis of infections and imaging of gene expression. The specificity of short synthetic DNA probes raises the hope of distinguishing...
The past decade has seen the genetic engineering of various types of seaweed. To date, genetic transformation studies have been carried out in several seaweeds, including the red seaweeds Porphyra , Gracilaria , Grateloupia , Kappaphycus and Ceramium and the green seaweed Ulva . A genetic...
Photosynthetic proteins are a source of biological material well-suited to technological applications. They exhibit light-induced electron transfer across lipid membranes that can be exploited for the construction of photo-optical electrical devices. The structure and function of photosynthetic...
Transgenes in plastids are contained by stringent maternal inheritance in most cultivated plant species and their expression yields high levels of protein with bona fide structure. Nevertheless, transfer of plastid genes to the nucleus has been reported, with implications for transgene...
Finding a way to identify point mutants for a genome in which there are six copies of every gene seems a daunting task, however this has recently been reported. In this research, the redundancy in the wheat genome proved a help instead of a hindrance and the results suggest a promising approach...
The development of the ‘ecosystem approach’ to the management of marine systems is leading to a requirement for data to be collected with greater frequency and spatial resolution than has been necessary in the past. This is being met both by the analysis of more samples (to better describe...
Study of mutations that improve enzyme properties reveals that in many, but not all, cases closer mutations are more effective than distant ones. For enantioselectivity, substrate selectivity and new catalytic activity (catalytic promiscuity) closer mutations improved enzymes more effectively...
Chloroplast genetic engineering offers several unique advantages, including high-level transgene expression, multi-gene engineering in a single transformation event and transgene containment by maternal inheritance, as well as a lack of gene silencing, position and pleiotropic effects and...
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