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This paper reviews recent trends in control of aircraft, rail and highway vehicles toward supervisory control. Supervisory control means the human operator intermittently specifies goals, constraints and procedural information to a computer, monitors synoptic displays of state information, and...
Multimedia interfaces are examined and the nature of current input and output media identified. A number of design objectives for multimedia inteifaces are suggested - improving efficiency, learning and providing a stimulating problem-solving environment. The key problem of how to choose an...
In supervisory control, operators are expected to monitor automation and to intervene if there is an opportunity to improve system productivity or if faults develop which cannot be managed by the automation. Central to how humans interact with automation is the degree to which they trust the...
Minimally invasive surgery is one of the important developments in surgery. In this type of surgery, the actual operation is performed through a number of small incisions in the skin. Special instruments are inserted via trocars, i.e. tubes that allow the surgeon to bring instruments or sensors...
A brief overview of theoretical, experimental and industrial issues that are typical for studies on human-machine systems is given. The paper distinguishes three human-machine interaction modes: direct control, intermittent control and supervisory control. It is shown that a technology-driven...
This paper provides an overview of multilevel flow modelling (MFM) and its application for design of displays for the supervisory control of industrial plant. The problem of designing the inforrrzatian content of sacpervisory displays is discussed and plant representations like MFM using levels...
Models of humans (operators, controllers) in human-machine systems have tacitly assumed that humans must have a model of the process in order to control it. Humans have therefore traditionally been described as information processing systems with an internal or mental model of the process as an...
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