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Chronic infectious or inflammatory diseases lead to amyloid infiltration and dysfunction of many organs, including the kidney, liver, heart, and gastrointestinal tract. Subclinical amyloid infiltration of the thyroid gland has been described in over 80% of such patients. However, symptomatic...
In most patients with Graves' hyperthyroidism the eye signs are self-limiting and mostly subclinical. However, about one-third of the patients have clinically relevant ophthalmopathy, which can be disabling and disfiguring. The mechanical causes of the symptoms and signs of the eye disease are...
The purpose of this study was to test the effects of chloride channel blockers on iodide uptake in thyroid cells, in the hope of eventually using these blockers to identify and isolate a putative iodide transporter. The chloride channel blockers used in this report are derivatives of...
The purpose of the study was to examine the value of a commercial immunoradiometric (IRMA) method for measuring serum thyroglobulin as a tumor marker after treatment for differentiated thyroid carcinoma. A prospective analysis of consecutive serum samples from 53 patients was performed using the...
Treatment with the antiarrhythmic agent amiodarone results in alterations in thyroid hormone metabolism, and can induce either hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism (amiodarone-associated thyrotoxicosis, AAT). AAT occurs in patients both with and without preexisting goiter. In our study of the...
Follicular thyroid carcinomas (FTC) characteristically spread via blood vessels, while papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTC) predominantly metastasize to lymph nodes. This different behavior of cancer cells originating from one organ was investigated by layering multicellular tumor spheroids (MCTS)...
PIT1 abnormality is defined as a genetic abnormality in the PIT1 gene, which encodes a pituitary specific transcription factor Pit-l/GHF-1. PIT1 abnormality has been reported in several patients displaying either complete or incomplete deficiency of thyrotropin (TSH), growth hormone (GH), and...
The use of thyroid hormones in the treatment of depression is reviewed. The studies examining the use of triodothyronine (T 3 ) alone as well as in combination with antidepressants are discussed. The data suggest that there is little evidence that T 3 alone has antidepressant efficacy but that...
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