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Myelination of axons by oligodendrocytes and Schwann cells in the central and peripheral nervous system, respectively, is essential for normal neuronal functions, and its failure results in devastating demyelinating diseases. During development, both oligodendrocyte and Schwann cell precursors...
Nociceptive stimuli are transmitted through thinly myelinated or unmyelinated primary afferent fibers called nociceptors, which terminate mainly in the superficial dorsal horn of the spinal cord. While most nociceptive fibers terminate in the spinal segment of the entrance, (collateral) fibers...
Late adulthood is associated with increased hippocampal atrophy and dysfunction. Although there are multiple paths by which hippocampal deterioration occurs in late life, the authors discuss the evidence that a single nucleotide polymorphism in the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene...
The salient neuropathological defect in fragile X syndrome is the overabundance of immature dendritic spines in cortical pyramidal neurons. This review examines this anatomical synaptic defect in the context of other alterations in synaptic and circuit plasticity in fragile X mice. In theory,...
Multiple plasma membrane proteins such as ion transporters and ion channels are involved in electrogenesis by setting resting membrane potentials and triggering/propagating action potentials. Recent findings strongly suggest that some of these membrane proteins are selectively transported into...
Neuronal networks within the spinal cord of mammals are responsible for generating various rhythmic movements, such as walking, running, swimming, and scratching. The ability to generate multiple rhythmic movements highlights the complexity and flexibility of the mammalian spinal circuitry. The...
Since the first experimental reports showing the persistence of neurogenic activity in the adult mammalian brain, this field of neurosciences has expanded significantly. It is now widely accepted that neural stem and precursor cells survive during adulthood and are able to respond to various...
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