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We have proposed that the gap junctions between amphibian blastomeres are comprised of voltage-sensitive channels. The kinetic properties of the junctional conductance are here studied under voltage clamp. When the transjunctional voltage is stepped to a new voltage of the same polarity, the...
In the presence of 10(-9) M calcium, rod outer segments freshly detached from dark-adapted frog retinas contain between 0.01 and 0.02 moles of guanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cyclic GMP) per mole of rhodopsin. The dark level of cyclic GMP is reduced approximately 50% by illumination that...
The conductance of junctions between amphibian blastomeres is strongly voltage dependent. Isolated pairs of blastomeres from embryos of Ambystoma mexicanum, Xenopus laevis, and Rana pipiens were voltage clamped, and junctional current was measured during transjunctional voltage steps. The...
Net rotation and net elongation of a stage IVb Phycomyces growing zone were simultaneously measured minute by minute with a photographic apparatus coupled with a rotating stage. A direct correlation between a growth response and a twist response after either a light stimulus or a house stimulus...
To study the kinetic and steady-state properties of voltage-dependent sodium conductance activation, squid giant axons were perfused internally with either pronase or N-bromoacetamide and voltage clamped. Parameters of activation, tau m and gNa(V), and deactivation, tau Na, were measured and...
Considering the widely accepted cross-bridge model of muscle contraction (Huxley. 1969. Science Wash. D. C.. 164:1356-1366), one would expect that attachment of angled cross-bridges would give rise to radial as well as longitudinal forces in the muscle fiber. These forces would tend, in most...
N-Formylation and N-methylation of the alpha-amino group of L-phenylalanine result in extremely decreased responses of the labellar sugar receptor of the fleshfly, whereas the same structural alteration of L-valine hardly affects the response. Methyl esterification of the alpha-carboxyl group of...
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