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Deoxycholate can react with sodium channels with a high potency. The apparent dissociation constant for the saturable binding reaction is 2 microM at 8 degrees C, and the heat of reaction is approximately -7 kcal/mol. Four independent test with Na-free media, K-free media, tetrodotoxin, and...
Squid giant axons internally perfused with a 30 mM NaF solution and bathed in a 100 mM CaCl2 solution, which are known to produce long lasting action potentials in response to pulses of outward current, were investigated. The effects of tetrodotoxin (TTX) and of tetraethylammonium ion (TEA+) on...
Calcium accumulation by rod disks was studied in excised bullfrog retinas with 45Ca tracer-exchange methods. Ca uptake by disks is a necessary requirement if light-induced Ca releases from disks mediate photoreceptor excitation. In an hour-long incubation, disks exchanged less than or equal to...
The effects of n-alkylguanidine derivatives on sodium channel conductance were measured in voltage clamped, internally perfused squid giant axons. After destruction of the sodium inactivation mechanism by internal pronase treatment, internal application of n-amylguanidine (0.5 mM) or...
Regulation of Na+ channels by neurotoxins has been studied in pinched-off nerve endings (synaptosomes) from rat brain. Activation of Na+ channels by the steroid batrachotoxin and by the alkaloid veratridine resulted in an increase in the rate of influx of 22Na into the synaptosomes. In the...
The rate of active H+ secretion (JH) across the luminal cell membrane of the turtle bladder decreases linearly with the chemical (delta pH) or electrical potential gradient (delta psi) against which secretion occurs. To examine the control of JH from the cell side of the pump, acid-base changes...
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