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The Staverman reflection coefficient, sigma for several permeant molecules was determined in human red cell suspensions with a Durrum stopped-flow spectrophotometer. This procedure was first used with dog, cat, and beef red cells and with human red cells. The stopped-flow technique used was...
Small potential fluctuations ("bumps"), boyh spontaneous and light induced, can be recorded intracellularly from the photoreceptors of Drosophila melanogaster. Statistical analyses of these bumps in the spectral range, 400-600 nm, lead to the following interpretations; (a) For weak stimuli at...
Six methods have given squid axoplasm resistivities of from 1.0 to 6.9 times seawater (X SW), so another was tried. A 100-mum platinized electrode was to be inserted from each end of an axion in iso-osmotic sucrose and impedance between them measured vs. separation. But observations that the...
The specific resistivity of the axoplasm of giant axons of squid and Myxicola was measured utilizing a single metal microelectrode subjected to alternating current in a circuit in which the voltage output varies with the conductivity of the thin layer of fluid at the exposed electrode tip. The...
Spectral sensitivities of cells in principal eyes of the jumping spider Phidippus reqius were measured using techniques of intracellular recording. Three types of cells were found. UV cells had peak sensitivities at 370 nm and were over 4 log units less sensitive at wavelengths longer than 460...
Ca efflux in dialyzed squid axons was measured with 45Ca as a function of internal ionized Ca in the range 0.005-10 muM. Internal Ca stores were depleted by treatment with CN and dialysis with media free of high energy compounds. The Caiota was stabilized with millimolar concentrations of EDTA,...
Renal Na-K-ATPase activity changes adaptively in response to chronic alterations in sodium reabsorption or potassium secretion, but the role of this enzyme in rapid adjustments of renal tubular Na and K transport is not known. To evaluate this question, microsomal Na-K-ATPase specific activity...
We studied the influence of Mn, La, and D600 on action potentials and plateau currents in cardiac Purkinje fibers. The Ca antagonists each abolished the second inward current, but they failed to act selectively. Voltage clamp experiments revealed two additional effects: decrease of slow outward...
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