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The response to light of one ommatidium is reduced or suppressed by simultaneous illumination of neighboring ommatidia. The mechanism of this lateral inhibition may be chemical synaptic transmission, based on the physiological findings of a number of investigators and on the following evidence....
The exit of alanine across the serosal border of the epithelial cells of turtle intestine was measured by direct and indirect techniques. A decrease or an increase in cell Na did not affect the amino acid flux from cell to serosal solution. Cells loaded with Na and alanine did not exhibit any...
Receptor potentials were recorded extracellularly from the all-rod retina of the skate after the application of sodium aspartate. This agent suppresses the responses of proximal elements, but leaves relatively unaffected the electrical activity of the photoreceptors ( a -wave) and pigment...
X-537 A and A 23187, two antibiotics which form liphophilic complexes with divalent cations, function as ionophores in vesicular fragments of sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR). Addition of either ionophore to SR preloaded with calcium in the presence of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), causes rapid...
The effect of black widow spider venom (BWSV) on the junctions of the lobster nerve-muscle preparation was studied by intracellular recordings. After application of BWSV both excitatory and inhibitory postsynaptic potentials (epsp and ipsp) were augmented then suppressed. The frequency of...
The effect of dilution of the interstitial fluids on the responsiveness of the toad urinary bladder to antidiuretic hormones has been examined in vivo and in vitro. Toads were given periodic injections with vasopressin while in water so that their plasma osmolality fell below 190 mosmoles/kg H 2...
The five photoreceptors in the eye of the mollusc Hermissenda crassicornis respond to light with depolarization and firing of impulses. The impulses of any one cell inhibit other cells, but the degree of inhibition differs in different pairs. Evidence is presented to show that the interactions...
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