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Genomic analysis predicted that the rice ( Oryza sativa var. japonica ) genome encodes at least 41 kinesin-like proteins including the novel kinesin O12, which is classified as a kinesin-14 family member. O12 has a calponin homology (CH) domain that is known as an actin-binding domain. In this...
Cancer cells undergo multi-step processes in obtaining the ability to metastasize, and are constantly exposed to signals that induce apoptosis. Acquisition of anti-apoptotic properties by cancer cells is important for metastasis, and recent studies suggest that transforming growth factor (TGF)-β...
Most β pore-forming toxins need to be oligomerized via receptors in order to form membrane pores. Though oligomerizing toxins frequently form SDS-resistant oligomers, it was questionable whether SDS-resistant oligomers reflected native functional toxin complexes. In order to elucidate the...
Butyl-isobutyl-phthalate (BIP), isolated from the rhizoid of Laminaria japonica , is a potential α-glucosidase inhibitor for Type II diabetes treatment. In the present study, a synthetic route was established as a useful approach to obtain enough BIP. Fluorescence analysis, circular dichroism...
Periodate modification of the sugar moiety in sugars, including adenosine triphosphate (ATP), has previously been employed in order to prepare dialdehyde-type reagents, which were then utilized in crosslinking reactions on haemoglobin, yielding polymerized material with useful dioxygen-binding...
Arkadia, also known as ring finger 111 (Rnf111), is an E3 ubiquitin ligase that amplifies transforming growth factor (TGF)-β family signalling through degradation of negative TGF-β signal regulators, i.e. Smad7, c-Ski and SnoN. Arkadia plays critical roles in early embryonic development through...
E-cadherin has been proven to be widely down-regulated and tightly associated with tumour invasion and metastasis in multiple human cancer types. Recent research demonstrated that aberrant methylation around gene promoter region attributes to E-cadherin silencing. However, the detailed...
From the reaction mechanism and crystal structure analysis, a bacterial alanine racemase is believed to work as a homodimer with a substrate, l- alanine or d- alanine. We analysed oligomerization states of seven alanine racemases, biosynthetic and catabolic, from Escherichia coli , Salmonella...
The misfolding and self-assembly of proteins into amyloid fibrils, which occur in several debilitating and age-related diseases, are affected by common components of amyloid deposits, notably lipids and lipid complexes. Previously, the effects of phospholipids on amyloid fibril formation by...
MicroRNA (miRNA) modules are built in genetic networks as a complex regulatory layer directing post-transcriptional gene regulation. miRNAs coordinate a broad spectra of gene expression programs mainly through modulation of mRNA metabolism. Perturbations of miRNA networks are linked to a wide...
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