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YxeE is a spore coat protein of Bacillus subtilis . We have previously reported that YxeE can be extracted from yabG mutant spores. In the present study, we analysed the expression and localization of YxeE. Northern analysis detected the transcript of yxeE from sporulating cells 4 h after the...
Recombinant Fab is usually expressed using dicistronic vectors producing the heavy and light chains separately. We developed an improved vector for Fab fragment expression in Pichia pastoris , which allows a stoichiometric expression of both chains based on a monocistronic arrangement. The...
Chalcone synthase (CHS), a key enzyme in flavonoid biosynthesis, catalyses sequential decarboxylative condensations of p -coumaroyl-CoA with three malonyl-CoA molecules and cyclizes the resulting tetraketide intermediate to produce chalcone. Phenylglyoxal, an Arg selective reagent, was found to...
Endo-β-mannosidase, which hydrolyses the Manβ1-4GlcNAc linkage of N -glycans in an endo-manner, was discovered in plants. During the course of the purification of the enzyme from lily flowers, we found a higher molecular mass form of the enzyme (designated as EBM II). EBM II was purified by...
The denaturation of recombinant horse L-chain apoferritin (rLF), which is composed of 24 L-chain subunits, in acidic solution was studied. Using two rLF mutants, lacking four (Fer4) or eight (Fer8) N-terminal amino acid residues, the effect of N-terminal residues on the protein's stability was...
We have isolated and characterized a small transmembrane protein, called 101F6, showing high sequence homology to cytochrome b 561 , a protein containing two binding sites for haem. The newly identified 101F6 contains six membrane spanning domains in which conserved histidine residues are...
Inhibition of renin has been shown to be successful in managing hypertension and maintaining cardiac health. Canine models have played a key role in preclinical assessment of renin inhibitors. Here we report the cloning of canine prorenin gene. The amino acid sequence of mature canine renin was...
Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) derived from human bone marrow are expected to be utilized for the purpose of tissue engineering, because of their extensive self-renewal or proliferation capability. The capability decreases after several passages, however. Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF)...
The malaria parasite possesses plant-type ferredoxin (Fd) and ferredoxin-NADP + reductase (FNR) in a plastid-derived organelle called the apicoplast. This Fd/FNR redox system, which potentially provides reducing power for essential biosynthetic pathways in the apicoplast, has been proposed as a...
Azobenzene is a photochromic molecule that undergoes rapid and reversible isomerization between the cis - and trans -forms in response to ultraviolet (UV) and visible (VIS) light irradiation, respectively. Here, we introduced the sulfhydryl-reactive azobenzene derivative 4-phenylazophenyl...
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