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Effective, pharmacologic approaches to the treatment of cerebellar ataxia are lacking or inadequate. We recently reported preliminary evidence that tandospirone citrate (tandospirone), a 5-HT1A agonist, improved cerebellar ataxia in patients with Machado-Joseph disease (MJD). In the course of...
The cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6) is produced by cells of the central nervous system (CNS) during a variety of neuroinflammatory states, in which it is thought to play a role in neuroprotection and/or neuropathology associated with neurological disease. In addition, CNS expression of IL-6 during...
We tested monkeys, patients, and normal control human subjects in a task that requires skilled use of the fingers. Animals and patients with lesions of the cerebellum, particularly of the cerebellar hemispheres, were severely impaired in retrieving raisins from small holes (monkeys) or shifting...
NMDA receptors in cerebellum have specific characteristics that make their function and modulation different from those of NMDA receptors in other brain areas. The properties of the NMDA receptor that modulate its function: Subunit composition, post-translational modifications and synaptic...
NMDA receptors modulate important cerebral processes such as synaptic plasticity, long-term potentiation, learning and memory, etc. NMDA receptors in cerebellum have specific characteristics that make their function and modulation different from those of NMDA receptors in other brain areas. In...
Autism is a debilitating neurodevelopmental disorder of early childhood with both genetic and environmental origins. Immune system dysregulation has been hypothesized to be involved in this disorder. We quantified levels of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and ß-actin in three areas of the...
Starting from a survey of current ideas on the role of the cerebellum in sensorimotor transformations, the present review summarizes the results of recent experiments showing that (a) somatosensory signals modify the spatial organization of the postural reflexes, thus leading to body stability,...
In the adult central nervous system (CNS), γ-amino butyric acid (GABA) is a predominant inhibitory neurotransmitter, and is involved in the expression of various higher brain functions. In the cerebellum, formation of GABAergic synapses is crucial for cerebellar functions. However, it is not...
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