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Neoadjuvant chemotherapy has the potential to convert inoperable breast cancer into operable disease; however, patients may remain inoperable by the classic criteria after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. In such cases, palliative surgical therapy to promote comfort and hygiene and to control wound...
A review of the dramatic changes in society, science and medicine that have affected the time we have available for education of students and residents. Reference is made to distance learning, educational efficiency and mental practice as concepts that may aid educators in the quest to provide...
Background: Secondary hyperparathyroidism (2-HPT) has an adverse effect on renal anemia and may cause a hyporesponsiveness to recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEpo) in patients with chronic renal failure. The early effects of parathyroidectomy (PTx) on renal anemia, erythropoietin production,...
Background: Laparoscopic splenectomy (LS) is the preferred operative approach for diseases involving normal-sized spleens. Our experience with laparoscopic splenectomy in the setting of massive splenomegaly is presented. Methods: A prospective review of patients undergoing LS for massive...
Objective: To analyze retrospectively the mortality, morbidity, and weight loss of a specific form of gastric bypass for the treatment of morbid obesity. The technique incorporates a small pouch along the lesser curvature of the stomach, an outlet restricted by a nondistensible band and a...
Background: The aims of this study were to compare the effectiveness of percutaneous drainage between pyogenic hepatic abscesses with and those without biliary communication and to evaluate the role of endoscopic biliary stent placement in the treatment of communicating abscesses. Methods:...
Background: Morbidity and mortality remain significant for transthoracic (TT) and transhiatal (TH) esophagectomy. We report a case-specific approach employing either resection to minimize perioperative morbidity and mortality. Methods: All primary esophageal resections performed for benign and...
Background: In the case of pilonidus sinus treated with primary intention surgery the uneventful healing is still difficult to obtain, as indirectly proven by the number of different procedures that have been suggested, such as cyst excision with or without primary closure, excision followed by...
Background: Many centers practice a tailored approach to laparoscopic antireflux surgery in attempt to prevent postoperative side effects in gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) patients with an impaired esophageal motility. As a result of controversial findings reported in literature no...
Background: We assessed the effect of trauma volume on skills attrition among physicians completing the advance trauma life support (ATLS) course. Methods: Cognitive (40 item multiple choice question (MCQ) examination) and clinical (4 objective structured clinical examinations (OSCE) trauma...
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